Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Carotid Doppler Health Feed

What Are The Common Symptoms Of A Brain Stroke?

DM - Neurology, MBBS, MD - Medicine
Neurologist, Bhubaneswar
What Are The Common Symptoms Of A Brain Stroke?
A brain stroke can affect anyone at any point of time when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted. It can threaten major physical functions and can prove to be fatally dangerous at times. The brain stem which is placed right above the spinal cord controls the breathing, heartbeat and levels of blood pressure. It is also in charge of controlling some elementary functions such as swallowing, hearing, speech and eye movements.

What are the different types of strokes?
There are three main kinds of stroke: ischemic strokes, hemorrhagic strokes and transient ischemic attacks. The most common type of brain stroke is the ischemic stroke is caused by narrowing or blocking of arteries to the brain, which prevents the proper supply of blood to the brain. Sometimes it so happens that the blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body have travelled via the blood vessels and has been trapped in the blood vessel which provides blood to the brain. When the supply of blood to a part of the brain is hindered, the tissue in that area dies off owing to lack of oxygen. The other variant of brain stroke is termed as hemorrhagic stroke is caused when the blood vessels in and around the brain burst or leak. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible in order to minimize brain damage. Remembering the F.A.S.T. acronym can help with recognizing the onset of stroke (Face, Arms, Speed, Time - explained below).

What are the common symptoms of a brain stroke?
The symptoms of the brain stroke are largely dependent on the area of the brain that has been affected. It can interfere with normal functioning, such as breathing and talking and other functions which human beings can perform without thinking such as eye movements or swallowing. Since all the signals from the brain as well as other parts of the body traverse through the brain stem, the interruption of blood flow often leads to numbness or paralysis in different parts of the body.

Who is likely to have a stroke?
Anyone is at a risk of developing brain stroke although ageing is directly proportional to the risk of having a stroke. Not only that an individual with a family history of brain stroke or transient ischemic attack is at a higher risk of developing stroke. People who have aged over 65 accounts for about 33 percent of all brain strokes. It is important to point here that individuals with high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol, cancer, autoimmune diseases and some blood disorders are at a higher risk of developing brain stroke.

There are a few factors which can increase the risk of developing stroke beyond any control. But there are certain lifestyle choices as well which aids in controlling the chances of being affected by stroke. It is crucial to refrain from long-term hormone replacement therapies as well as birth control pills, smoking, lack of physical activity, excessive use of alcohol and drug addiction. A brain stroke is a life-threatening medical condition, and when an individual has symptoms that resemble that of stroke, it is crucial to seek immediate medical help.

Treatment for stroke

Treatment depends on the type of stroke.
Ischemic strokes can be treated with 'clot-busting' drugs.
Hemorrhagic strokes can be treated with surgery to repair or block blood vessel weaknesses.
The most effective way to prevent strokes is through maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
What is TPA?
TPA is a thrombolytic or a Clot Buster drug. This clot buster is used to break-up the clot that is causing a blockage or disruption in the flow of blood to the brain and helps restore the blood flow to the area of the brain. It is given by intravenous (IV). This can be given only within 4.5 hrs of the onset of symptoms

Time is brain

Remember Every second Loss means brain cells die.
Rush to the nearest Stroke Centre whenever you experience such symptoms.
U can save the brain cells dying if you reach within 4.5 hrs by the CLOT BUSTER.
Endovascular procedures
Another treatment option is an endovascular procedure* called mechanical thrombectomy, strongly recommended, in which trained doctors try removing a large blood clot by sending a wired-caged device called a stent retriever, to the site of the blocked blood vessel in the brain

Stroke prevention
The good news is that 80 percent of all strokes are preventable. It starts with managing key risk factors, including

High blood pressure,
Cigarette smoking,
Diabetes
Atrial fibrillation and
Physical inactivity.
More than half of all strokes are caused by uncontrolled hypertension or high blood pressure, making it the most important risk factor to control.
Rehabilitation
The best way to get better after a stroke is to start stroke rehabilitation ("rehab"). In stroke rehab, a team of health professionals works with you to regain skills you lost as the result of a stroke.
2 people found this helpful

What are reasons for narrow blood vessels? How can it be overcomed if it is from smoking?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
What are reasons for narrow blood vessels? How can it be overcomed if it is from smoking?
Take tablet folvite 5mg once a day and tablet vitaminD (60000iu) once a week for six months and I will suggest you to do suryanamaskar daily as per your capacity for a minimum of six months
1 person found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Diabetes And Heart Disease - What Is The Connection?

M.D. Internal Medicine
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
Diabetes And Heart Disease - What Is The Connection?
Our body cells are responsible for the essential breakdown of food into energy, as it is vital for our body functioning. Cells break down food into glucose and then convert glucose into energy through insulin, which is an important hormone in the body. Diabetes is associated with the inappropriate functioning of insulin and can be classified into two types: Type I and Type 2 Diabetes. In type I Diabetes, the body does not make enough insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the cell do not use insulin properly.

Both conditions cause blood glucose levels to rise in the body. Diabetes is more than one disease as it poses serious health risks. People with diabetes are at risk of developing a host of problems such as stroke, hypertension, nerve damage, skin, eyes and kidney problems. High amount of blood sugar level can cause damage to the blood vessels leading to blocked arteries restricting blood flow to the heart. Poor blood glucose control can lead to high blood pressure and other blood lipid abnormalities including high levels of HDL (good cholesterol) and triglycerides.

The link between cardiovascular disease and diabetes is well established by medical science. It is estimated that 65% of people with diabetes die of heart disease, which makes it a leading cause of all deaths among diabetic patients. Doctors refer to this connection as DHD- Diabetic Heart Disease. The term Diabetic Heart Disease covers coronary heart disease; narrowing of the arteries, heart failure; minimising heart s capacity to pump enough blood and diabetic cardiomyopathy; alteration in the structure and function of the heart.

A sedentary lifestyle with little or no physical activity, smoking, stressful life and unhealthy eating habits all contribute to weight gain, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart diseases and diabetes. Thus, weight and lifestyle issues management is the best way to prevent and control such health risks.

Let s look at some simple but effective ways towards a healthy lifestyle:

Physical exercise: Adopt a 30 minute exercise rule to remain healthy and fit. For diabetic patients, a morning and evening walk is highly recommended. You could walk, run, gym, climb stairs, do yoga, aerobics or other physical activity that interests you.
Eat healthy: Avoid fried and packaged foods as they are full of fats, salt and sugar. Include seasonal vegetables and fruits in your diet and drink plenty of water. Dieticians recommend eating a heart-healthy diet including superfoods like broccoli, spinach, berries and fibre rich meal.
Weight management: Keeping weight under check is an effective way to prevent the risk of heart diseases. Consult a dietician for a customised diet plan as per your medical condition.
Be positive: Stress is a silent killer and a major contributor to all lifestyle diseases. Remain calm and manage your negative thoughts to overcome stress.
Health is the ultimate treasure you have! Preserve it.
3515 people found this helpful

Blood is bleeding from umbilicus. How serious is this problem can be, will it be okay if I ignore this for 2 days.

BHMS
Homeopath, Hooghly
Blood is bleeding from umbilicus. How serious is this problem can be, will it be okay if I ignore this for 2 days.
Bleeding from infection in umbellicus,, complication of portal hyper tension, primary umbelical endometriosis etc are the cause of bleeding,,u should consult with ur doctor for this purpose don't neglect
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Shall we take another tablet penegra 25 mg after 2 hours? It will take any side effect? If we take 2nd tablet in 2 hours? We will use this tablet for one month once only.

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Shall we take another tablet penegra 25 mg after 2 hours? It will take any side effect? If we take 2nd tablet in 2 ho...
Respected Karthik hi not recommended to repeat within 2 hours it can affect your heart rate dear thanks regards
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Mere veins k bech bech mai kuch fool sa gaya hai and still 3 years hai or ya ab bad raha veins k har jagah gol gol type sa fool gaya hai I feel also low blood circlation bahut jaldi mere blood flow ruk jata hai please help me tell me treatment please.

M.D. Consultant Pathologist, CCEBDM Diabetes, PGDS Sexology USA, CCMTD Thyroid, ACDMC Heart Disease, CCMH Hypertension, ECG
Sexologist, Sri Ganganagar
This is mostly varicose .Varicose veins are caused by weakened valves and veins in your legs. Normally, one-way valves in your veins keep blood flowing from your legs up toward your heart. When these valves do not work as they should, blood collects in your legs, and pressure builds up. The veins become weak, large, and twisted.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease

Non-invasive Cardiology
Ayurveda, Thane
Play video
How to treat Coronary Artery disease?

Hello. This is Dr. Rohit Sane, Medical Director of Madhavbaug. I've done my MBBS, I've done my fellowship in Cardiac Rehabitilation from Apollo Hospital. Today we'll be talking about blockages and the available treatment options on this disorder. Normally we call this as blockages but the medical term for this is atherosclerosis or else coronary artery disease. Now whenever a blockage has been identified in you coronary artery the search for n number of treatment options begins. We need to understand what all treatment options are available for treating a blockage coronary artery. Now, as all of us know there are many invasive options in which we can invade the coronary artery with angioplasty or else we can open the whole thorasic cavity with bypass surgery. Or else there are non invasive therapies also.

Now we need to understand what to take as a decision when a coronary artery has been blocked. What will lead to our decision are typical simple parameters that we need to assess. Consider that I've been diagnosed with a coronary artery blockage. The next thing I'm supposed to do is to perform a stress thallium. Angiography helps me to diagnose whether I've a blockage in my coronary artery or not. Now once I've been diagnosed with a coronary artery the next thing I'm supposed to do is to undergo a stress thallium. Now, the question arises why. Stress thallium will give you two inferences, the first one whether this blockage has resulted into any damage in your coronary artery or not. And second whether this blockage is really blocking your blood supply to your heart muscles or not. Based on these two parameters we can take the next option whether to go for invasive therapy or whether to go for non invasive therapy.

Talking about non invasive therapy can the blood supply to the myocardium be increased with it? Yes. there are n number of invasive therapies which can help you to increase blood supply to the heart muscle. The only thing that decides whether to go for invasive or non invasive therapy would be some type of stress thallium or a normal stress test. A simple stress test where in you have to walk for about 15mins on a modified Bruss's protocol or else 9mins on Bruss's protocol with a typical ECG which is monitored by the doctor. If at all you get this stress tolerance test, whether it be thallium or a normal stress test, if you get your stress tolerance test done, based on this report we'll be able to take a decision whether to go for invasive or whether to go for non invasive therapy.

So, a simple parameter which is called as MET value, which is nothing else but the exercise tolerance capacity of your heart muscle. As your MET value is a clear indicator of your exercise tolerance capacity of your heart muscle, this will help us to decide whether to go for invasive or whether to go for non invasive treatment options. Thus, if at all a coronary blockage is identified in your heart with angiography the next thing you got to do is get a stress tolerance test done which will help you to take a good decision in the future.

For more information log onto Lybrate. Thank You.
4014 people found this helpful

Brain Stroke - Things You Must Know!

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellow In Pain Management, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Delhi
Brain Stroke - Things You Must Know!
A brain stroke can affect anyone at any point of time when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted. It can threaten major physical functions and can prove to be fatally dangerous at times. The brain stem which is placed right above the spinal cord controls the breathing, heartbeat and levels of blood pressure. It is also in charge of controlling some elementary functions such as swallowing, hearing, speech and eye movements.

What are the different types of strokes?
There are three main kinds of stroke: ischemic strokes, hemorrhagic strokes and transient ischemic attacks. The most common type of brain stroke is the ischemic stroke is caused by narrowing or blocking of arteries to the brain, which prevents the proper supply of blood to the brain. Sometimes it so happens that the blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body have travelled via the blood vessels and has been trapped in the blood vessel which provides blood to the brain. When the supply of blood to a part of the brain is hindered, the tissue in that area dies off owing to lack of oxygen. The other variant of brain stroke is termed as hemorrhagic stroke is caused when the blood vessels in and around the brain burst or leak. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible in order to minimize brain damage. Remembering the F.A.S.T. acronym can help with recognizing the onset of stroke (Face, Arms, Speed, Time - explained below).

What are the common symptoms of a brain stroke?
The symptoms of the brain stroke are largely dependent on the area of the brain that has been affected. It can interfere with normal functioning, such as breathing and talking and other functions which human beings can perform without thinking such as eye movements or swallowing. Since all the signals from the brain as well as other parts of the body traverse through the brain stem, the interruption of blood flow often leads to numbness or paralysis in different parts of the body.

Who is likely to have a stroke?
Anyone is at a risk of developing brain stroke although ageing is directly proportional to the risk of having a stroke. Not only that an individual with a family history of brain stroke or transient ischemic attack is at a higher risk of developing stroke. People who have aged over 65 accounts for about 33 percent of all brain strokes. It is important to point here that individuals with high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol, cancer, autoimmune diseases and some blood disorders are at a higher risk of developing brain stroke.

There are a few factors which can increase the risk of developing stroke beyond any control. But there are certain lifestyle choices as well which aids in controlling the chances of being affected by stroke. It is crucial to refrain from long-term hormone replacement therapies as well as birth control pills, smoking, lack of physical activity, excessive use of alcohol and drug addiction. A brain stroke is a life-threatening medical condition, and when an individual has symptoms that resemble that of stroke, it is crucial to seek immediate medical help.

Treatment for stroke

Treatment depends on the type of stroke.
Ischemic strokes can be treated with 'clot-busting' drugs.
Hemorrhagic strokes can be treated with surgery to repair or block blood vessel weaknesses.
The most effective way to prevent strokes is through maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
What is TPA?
TPA is a thrombolytic or a Clot Buster drug. This clot buster is used to break-up the clot that is causing a blockage or disruption in the flow of blood to the brain and helps restore the blood flow to the area of the brain. It is given by intravenous (IV). This can be given only within 4.5 hrs of the onset of symptoms

Time is brain

Remember Every second Loss means brain cells die.
Rush to the nearest Stroke Centre whenever you experience such symptoms.
U can save the brain cells dying if you reach within 4.5 hrs by the CLOT BUSTER.
Endovascular procedures
Another treatment option is an endovascular procedure* called mechanical thrombectomy, strongly recommended, in which trained doctors try removing a large blood clot by sending a wired-caged device called a stent retriever, to the site of the blocked blood vessel in the brain

Stroke prevention
The good news is that 80 percent of all strokes are preventable. It starts with managing key risk factors, including

High blood pressure,
Cigarette smoking,
Diabetes
Atrial fibrillation and
Physical inactivity.
More than half of all strokes are caused by uncontrolled hypertension or high blood pressure, making it the most important risk factor to control.
Rehabilitation
The best way to get better after a stroke is to start stroke rehabilitation ("rehab"). In stroke rehab, a team of health professionals works with you to regain skills you lost as the result of a stroke.
2369 people found this helpful

I had a Mitral Valve Repair back in June 2016 due to Mitral Valve Prolapse caused by marfan Syndrome. I just want to know that How Alcohol consumption and smoking can impact my health?

MBBS, Diplomate, American Board of Internal Medicine , Diplomate, American Board of Cardiology , Diplomate, American Board of Interventional Cardiology , Diplomate, American Board of Endovascular Intervention
Cardiologist, Delhi
I had a Mitral Valve Repair back in June 2016 due to Mitral Valve Prolapse caused by marfan Syndrome.
I just want to ...
Hi. Hope you are doing well after the surgery. Alcohol intake after surgery would be dependent on multiple factors. Smoking is best avoided completely. Please let me know if you should need more help.
6 people found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback