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Anti Cardiolipin Antibodies (ACA) Test

Anti Cardiolipin Antibodies (ACA) Test

also known as: Antiphospholipids, Cardiolipin Antibodies

An autoimmune disease can be defined as the phenomenon by which our body generates antibodies that attack its own tissues resulting in destruction and deterioration of those tissues. Anticardiolipin antibodies can be found in people with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome. ACA can often be observed during the convalescent phase of acute bacterial and viral infections. Cardiolipin is a phospholipid or a kind of fat in the blood. The test is ordered for people who have symptoms suggestive of abnormal blood clotting, repeated miscarriages. This test looks for a certain kind of antibody in your blood. The lab report generated after the test will give you the standard value range for your age group and gender.

There is absolutely no necessity to alter the diet or stop any medications unless otherwise notified by the doctor. You can consume food and drink normally. Medications such as steroids, androgens, corticosteroids, and dextran can influence and affect the results during the process. You have to ensure that you consult everything with the doctor in prior to doing anything that can tamper the results. The doctor will also convey the minimal test risks like fainting or moderate pain in the due process.

This is a test which is performed to look for a certain kind of antibody that causes symptoms like blood clots and recurring miscarriages. Upon receiving the report, certain conclusions can be drawn. Low positive: Fewer than 20 G phospholipids (GPL), M phospholipids (MPL), A phospholipids (APL) units Medium positive: 20 or more but lesser than 80 GPL, MPL, APL units High positive: 80 or more GPL, MPL, APL units Normal: Means everything is normal. Even if there is an elevated level, only after 10-12 consecutive tests, there can be precise results.

In order to perform this test, handful milliliters say; one to two teaspoons of blood will be drawn by the lab technician. The lab technician will draw blood from a vein in your arm or at the back of the hand. The location where the blood is to be sucked out will be cleansed with antiseptic A needle is then injected through skin into to the vein; specifically in the one that is visible The blood will be collected into a tube attached to the needle until the tube is full. The band and the needle will be removed from your arm and a pressure will be applied to the puncture site to stop any bleeding.

ACA can often be observed during the convalescent phase of acute bacterial and viral infections and in individuals with syphilis. These infection-induced antibodies are usually transient and are not associated with an increased risk of clinical complications. In general, all patients who test positive ACA should be retested after six to eight weeks to rule out transient antibodies that are usually of no clinical significance.
Red-top tube or gel-barrier tube
Average price range of the test is between Rs.400 to Rs.1100 depending on the factors of city, quality and availablity.

Table of Content

What is Anti Cardiolipin Antibodies (ACA) Test?
Preparation for Anti Cardiolipin Antibodies (ACA) Test
Uses of Anti Cardiolipin Antibodies (ACA) Test
Procedure for Anti Cardiolipin Antibodies (ACA) Test
Limitations of Anti Cardiolipin Antibodies (ACA) Test
Specimen Requirements
Price for Anti Cardiolipin Antibodies (ACA) Test
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