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Knee Dislocation - What Causes It?

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Nitin Bansal 87% (14 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Bathinda  •  12 years experience
Knee Dislocation - What Causes It?

Kneecap dislocation is a condition wherein the ligaments, responsible to bind the knee bones together, separate from each other. Although a very rare phenomenon in itself, knee dislocation can lead to permanent loss of mobility, if not taken care of immediately after diagnosis.

Causes
Knee dislocation can occur, if you have had recently survived any major accident such as a car crash or taken a fall from a high-storeyed building. A dislocated kneecap might cause significant numbness and severe pain below the knees. In some cases, the knee can get relocated on its own, which might cause the kneecaps to become swollen, numb and extremely painful to live with as time passes. The general structure of the leg might be significantly deformed due to a dislocated kneecap.

Treatments

The doctor can opt for a relocation of the lower leg to revert it to its former position.
b. To prevent future accidents, the doctor will recommend the use of an immobilizer to prevent the kneecaps from bending, and also to initiate the healing process.
c. Under extreme conditions, a dislocated knee might permanently damage the knee bones and the assorted tissues (ligaments). In such cases, a surgery will be recommended to restore normalcy.

It is recommended to regularly follow up with an orthopaedist to avoid future complications. One might also take the help of crutches which might help to move the kneecap in a much more controlled way. Just be a bit extra cautious while engaging in sports such as skiing, bungee jumping, or any other contact sports.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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