I am Dr. Harshavardhan Ghorpade, Ophthalmologist. Today I am going to talk about various general eye care. So, what do we need to know about general eye care? We all know that eyes are the most important structure as far as vision is concerned. Because without vision nothing much left in life apart from blindness and darkness. First of all, coming to diet. We should have a very normal and healthy diet. Too much of fried and junk food can affect the health of the retina. It may not cause an immediate effect. But in old age, there is early degeneration of the retina which can lead to a poor vision specifically in the last 15-20 years of your life which you don't want. So, green and red vegetables, fresh fruits, nuts, almonds, apricot, and walnuts are very important ingredients in life. Remember every morning have milk, eggs, nuts, and fruits in your diet. You should also follow the meds policy. What are meds? Meds mean doing meditation, exercise, diet, and sleep. All of these are general things. By this, not only your eyes but also health will be good.
How do we take care of eyes in daily life? Every year you should have a general check-up specially when you are above 40, every 1-2 years. And if you are more than 50, every year eye check-up is a must. Especially, when you have a family history of glaucoma, diabetes, hypertension then we should check your eyes more regularly. Apart from this, if you have any blurring of vision, don't wait for a long time. Go to the Dr and show as early as possible. Get to know why your vision is a blur. Is it because of glass power or is it anything else going in your eyes. Because glass is not the only thing in the eye. There is cornea, retina, glaucoma, optic nerve, so many things are involved in giving perfect vision. And therefore, we need to look at all those factors. We should also look at various other aspects, for example, computer vision syndrome. All of us use a computer every day and we cannot avoid it. How do we take care?
First of all, have anti-glare glasses as it prevents too much light entering into your eyes which can cause irritation and redness of the eye. Nowadays the blue screen is also available which blocks the blue light. Apart from this, you should take a break every 20 minutes. Put your eyes away from the skin. Look somewhere else. You can also do eye exercises right, up, down, left which can help in relaxing your eyes muscles. Apart from this, you should use lubricating drops which are easily available over the counter. This can lead to the freshness of your eyes and can give you comfort, avoid redness and tiredness. You should keep your system at a little lower height so that the exposure of the eyes are less. Blink your eyes continuously and avoid sitting in front of the AC. You need to work for 40 years of your life and you need to have that kind of sustain.
When you read books, you should sit in front of the bright lights. Letters should not be very small and keep the book at a distance of 30 cms. Good sleep is the most important thing for overall health. Tired muscles and eyes can lead to the early formation of presbyopia which is early glasses at the age of 40. Going out in the sun is important for the growth of the eye. Sun is not only important for bones but also for eyes. UV rays are important for the growth of retina, especially in children. It is important to let them grow naturally. UV rays also help in the prevention of dryness of the eye. Good diet, sleep, avoiding laptops, computers, mobiles especially in kids are a must. Because not only eyes but also brain growth will be affected. a TV can be given to kids to watch for half an hour for the day. But that is not as bad as a mobile phone. So, ophthalmologists are there to get them corrected by laser treatment. It also has its limitation. So, to avoid all kind of complications, we should take care of our eyes. Lastly, I would like to talk about trauma care. Injuries are very common in all of us.
If you see that something is there in your job which can harm your eyes, you should have protective gare. Hard polycarbonate glasses are a must. People walking in front of cutting stones, even playing matches where a ball can hit you, we wish you to take good care of your eyes. Also, while swimming, we should never wear contact lenses. When you are sleeping, you should not wear lenses. If there is any injury, any foreign body, redness, discharge, don't do self-medications. Over the counter drugs is big No. Steroids can cause further damage. Go to a nearby ophthalmologist and ensure that the right diagnosis is made. Stay happy, take care of your eyes. And if you need any other information, please contact me through Lybrate.