Diabetes is a lifelong disease that alters the way our bodies handle glucose in the blood. The medical term for the disease is diabetes mellitus. The sugar levels in blood are high due to diabetes. Type I diabetes occurs when body does not produce insulin, while Type II occurs when there is not adequate insulin. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. Symptoms are:
• Frequent urination
• Intense thirst and hunger
• Weight gain
• Unusual weight loss
• Wounds that do not heal
• Male dysfunction
• Numbness and tingling in hands and feet
HOW IS DIABETES DIAGNOSED?
Doctors can determine whether a patient has a normal metabolism, prediabetes or diabetes in one of three different ways - there are three possible tests:
• The A1C test
• The FPG (fasting plasma glucose) test
• The OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test)
HOW IS DIABETES TREATED?
Controlling blood sugar (glucose) levels is the major goal of diabetes treatment, in order to prevent complications of the disease. Type 1 diabetes is managed with insulin as well as dietary changes and exercise. Type 2 diabetes may be managed with non-insulin medications, insulin, weight reduction, or dietary changes. There are a lot of ayurvedic and homeopathic medications which can treat diabetes
DID YOU KNOW?
Exercise plays a major role in the reduction of blood sugar levels. All patients with diabetes are advised to exercise regularly.
Diabetes is one of the most chronic disease in the world. From all walks of life, young or old – for people living the disease, diabetes is always at the vanguard of their minds. It is often referred as diabetes mellitus, in which there is high glucose (blood sugar levels) over a drawn out period. Patients with high blood sugar level will typically face frequent urination (polyuria), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is caused due to the fact that either the pancreas are not producing enough insulin or the cells in the body are not reacting to the insulin produced. Sometimes your body doesn't make much insulin or the insulin doesn’t work the way it should work. The Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. Your blood sugar levels get high and cause diabetes or prediabetes.
Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems.
Signs & Symptoms of diabetes:
• Being very thirsty
• Urinating often
• Feeling very hungry
• Weight loss
• Sores that heal slowly
• Itchy & dry skin
• Feelings of pins or needles in feet
• Blurry eyesight
To prevent Diabetes Mellitus (DM), changes in the dietary routine are highly recommended. It includes the maintenance of a diet rich whole fiber and grains and the polyunsaturated fats found in nuts, vegetable oils, and fish. Reducing sugary refreshments and eating less red meat and different sources of immersing fat can likewise anticipate diabetes. Active smoking is additionally connected with an expanded danger of diabetes mellitus. Therefore, reduction in smoking is advised.
Being a chronic disease, except in very particular situations, there is no known cure for diabetes. Management of diabetes focusing on keeping normal blood sugar levels without bringing on the lower sugar blood level. This can more than not be achieved with a sound eating routine, exercise, weight reduction & utilization of proper drugs.
It’s a disease with a course that can be predicted and given due medical attention to and even treated if you listen to your doctor. Lybrate offers you the best medical practitioners in Visakhapatnam, Bangalore, Pune, Hyderabad, Mumbai. Subscribe to Lybrate to know more about diabetes and its associated conditions.