Colon cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the colon. Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine (colon), the lower part of your digestive system. Rectal cancer is cancer of the last several inches of the colon. Together, they're often referred to as colorectal cancers. Health history can affect the risk of developing colon cancer. Signs of colon cancer include blood in the stool or a change in bowel habits.
HOW IS COLON CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of colon cancer is done by an oncologist by a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy with biopsy confirmation for cancer tissue
HOW IS COLON CANCER TREATED?
The treatment includes surgery to remove a part of the colon or large intestine in case the cancer has spread to the walls of the bowels. Chemotherapy, radiation and medication will also be used.
DID YOU KNOW?
The colon cancer might not come back (recur) within 5 years. Complications may include:
• Blockage of the colon, causing bowel obstruction
• Cancer returning in the colon
• Cancer spreading to other organs or tissues (metastasis)
• Development of a second primary colorectal cancer