Mania, sometimes referred to as a bipolar disorder, is characterized by dramatic mood swings and mood episodes that do not follow a pattern. A person with mania may experience the same mood state for several weeks to years. Severity of mania varies from one person to another. Symptoms of mania are:
• Periods of unusually high energy and mood
• Needing less sleep
• Talking very rapidly or excessively
• Rapid thought process
• Tendency to show poor judgement
• Inflated self-esteem
• Reckless behavior
HOW IS MANIA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the condition is rather evident as the manic episode is almost always very significant and clearly prominent enough to understand a behavioural issue. Lab tests may be done to rule out other medical conditions that may present similar symptoms as mania.
HOW IS MANIA TREATED?
The long-term treatment focuses on prophylactic treatment to try to stabilize the patient's mood, typically through a combination of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. Medication is most effective when used in combination with other bipolar disorder treatments, including psychotherapy, self-help coping strategies, and healthy lifestyle choices. Verapamil, a calcium-channel blocker, is useful in the treatment of hypomania and in those cases where lithium and mood stabilizers are contraindicated or ineffective
DID YOU KNOW?
If left untreated, mania could turn into obsession and poses to be a serious problem for both the individual and also a threat to others around them.