Colorectal or Colon Cancer refers to a state where a malignant tumour hits the inner wall of the large intestine. This can be caused due to a build up of colon polyps as well as a family history of the same. It is the third most common type of cancer that affects cancer patients.
HOW IS COLORECTAL CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Common diagnostic tests include colonoscopy and blood tests. A sampling of areas of the colon suspected of cancer may confirm the diagnosis. The extent to which the disease has spread can be detected through CT scan and MRI of the abdomen, chest, and pelvis. The TNM system is used for cancer staging.
HOW IS COLORECTAL CANCER TREATED?
There are several ways to treat colorectal cancer, depending on its type and stage. The various ways to treat are:
• Surgery (the type of surgery will depend on whether it is for colon or rectal cancer)
• Radiation therapy
• Targeted therapy
DID YOU KNOW?
Colorectal Cancer is the 3rd leading cause of cancer in men in the U.S and the 4th leading for women.