The increased amount of methemoglobin, a type of haemoglobin in the blood is known as methemoglobinemia. In this blood disorder the haemoglobin is not able to release the oxygen it is carrying to the tissues in the body. Patients with this disorder would have a bluish tinge or colouring to their skin, seizures and developmental and intellectual delays have been observed.
HOW IS METHEMOGLOBINEMIA DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is done by collecting arterial blood samples, which is usually a characteristic chocolate-brown colour instead of the usual red.
HOW IS METHEMOGLOBINEMIA TREATED?
Treatment for this problem ranges from using supplemental oxygen and methylene blue solution to the patient. Such individuals are also given supplements like vitamin C. Other medications here include SSRI and NADPH. Controlling and curbing the disease is possible with the same.
DID YOU KNOW?
This is a genetic disease and is inherited. The Fugates family in 1800’s had all members suffering from this problem as they married in clans that were affected too and were known as The Blue Fugates.