Also known as mastitis, it is an infection that occurs within the tissue of the breast. Breast infections are most common among women who are breastfeeding when the nipples become cracked and sore, allowing bacteria from a baby's mouth to enter the breast. This is also known as lactation mastitis. Mastitis also occurs in women who arent breastfeeding, but this is not as common. Symptoms include:
1.abnormal swelling, leading to one breast becoming larger than the other
2. breast tenderness
3. pain or burning while breastfeeding
4. a painful lump in the breast
5. itching, warm breast, chills
6. nipple discharge that contains pus
7. skin redness in a wedge shaped pattern
8. Fever of 101 degree F, feeling ill or rundown
HOW IS BREAST INFECTION DIAGNOSED?
Gynecologists diagnose breast infection by physical examination and evaluation of the symptoms. A more detailed examination of any abscess in the breast that needs to be drained out is also required. Breast milk is sent for lad testing in case the infection occurs repeatedly. Confirmation of diagnosis may be done through mammogram or biopsy
HOW IS BREAST INFECTION TREATED?
Usually, the gynaecologist will prescribe antibiotics for mild infections. For more severe cases, a clinical procedure for lancing and draining an abscess may be required. Warm compresses and anti inflammatory medication can also give relief.
DID YOU KNOW?
Breast infections are usually caused by common bacteria known as Staphylococcus Aureus found on normal skin.