A throbbing ache felt in the shins after strenuous activity such as heavy exercises or running. They can be caused due to a variety of causes, including overexertion resulting in inflamed muscles, degeneration resulting in muscle weakness, stress fractures or flat feet. They often heal on their own, through rest, ice packs, compressions and occasionally physical therapy. Medication to deal with the pain may be recommended.
HOW IS SHIN SPLINTS DIAGNOSED?
Custom or ready made shoe inserts can help to reduce the risk of shin splints.
Shin splints essentially require one to take a break from certain physical activities and give legs time to rest. The discomfort resolves completely in a couple of hours or at the most in a couple of days with rest and limited activity. During this time, one can engage in activities like swimming or walking, which are less likely to cause harm to the legs and provides the much-needed relief. Use of ice-packs for half an hour in every four hours for two to three days, reduces swelling and provides immediate relief. Shin Splints treatment includes keeping one's leg elevated for a considerable amount of time, wearing of elastic compression bandages and taking over-the-counter medication. Shin muscle pain also occurs when excessive pressure builds within a muscle compartment and surgery to open the thick tissue surrounding muscle groups may be required. Shin Splints are common injury-affecting athletes engaged in running sports or other forms of physical activity and is characterized by general pain in the lower region of the leg between the knee and the ankle. In addition to the complete rest, one is recommended cortisone injections as well as supplements of calcium and vitamin D. In extremely rare cases, surgery might be required if a muscle tears away from the shinbone. Shin splints are not as complicated than they might look at first glance. However, correct diagnosis and the right treatment can make all the difference.