Shin Splints are referred to as the pain along the shin bone (the frontal bone on the leg). The condition is most common in runners and athletes, dancers and military recruits. Usually, it happens in athletes who have suddenly changed their training course or intensity. If you have shin splints, you might notice tenderness, soreness or pain along the inner side of your shinbone and mild swelling in your lower leg.
HOW IS SHIN SPLINTS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Shin Splints is based on your medical history and physical examination. In some cases X-ray may be ordered to pinpoint exact cause of pain.
HOW IS SHIN SPLINTS TREATED?
Most cases of shin splints can be treated with rest, ice and other self-care measures. Over the counter pain relievers can help in dealing with the pain.
DID YOU KNOW?
Only in cases of severe stress fracture, surgery is recommended.
Shin splint is an umbrella term used for any pain in the lower leg between the knees and the ankle. It is a dull aching pain along the shinbone, either on the inner side or the anterior side of the leg. A mild swelling and tenderness may develop in the affected limb. The pain is, usually, caused by overexertion of the leg muscles. Shin muscle pain is very common in athletes, dancers, and runners. Generally, it may have been caused by a sudden change in exercise routine or strenuous physical activity. Individuals with flat feet or high arches are at a greater risk of developing this condition. Shin muscle pain can also be the result of a stress fracture. Shin splint treatment involves a host of measures, the goal is to give time to the traumatized bone to heal itself. All physical activity should be avoided till the pain and swelling subside. Ice packs can be used to reduce inflammation, they also provide temporary relief from pain. Wrapping the leg with a compression bandage or neoprene sleeves provides support to the weak tendons and bones. Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs or orthotics (gel-based shoe inserts) to soothe strained muscles. Cross training, swimming, yoga or any exercise that does not strain the leg muscles can be beneficial. It is advisable, to increase the movement of the affected limb slowly under medical supervision. Wearing proper, well-fitted shoes can provide relief. Warming up routine should precede any physical activity. It is always better to build up an exercise regime gradually.