Hypothyroidism is a condition that results from a lethargic thyroid gland. The thyroid gland produces the hormones t3 and t4 to regulate our metabolism. An underproduction of these hormones due to a malfunctioning of the glands starts affecting the normal metabolic functions of the body. There are several factors that can lead to the development of this condition. The most common causes of hypothyroidism include a surgical removal of glands to treat hyperthyroidism, autoimmune disorders and radiation therapies of the head and neck. Besides, hypothyroidism can also result from prescription drugs, a disease of the pituitary gland, deficiency of iodine in the body. Hypothyroidism can be a congenital disorder in a few individuals, babies are born without a thyroid gland or the gland is not functioning properly. Hypothyroidism is more common in postpartum women and those above the age of fifty. it can lead to depression, fatigue, weakness, heavier menstrual flow, brittle hair, and nails or increased sensitivity to cold. There is no known cure for hypothyroidism and the medication and control of the disorder are usually a life-long process. Hypothyroidism treatment by the conventional route comprises of synthetic thyroxin tablets, they are generally safe and effective in providing the body with optimum levels of the hormone. Natural treatments for hypothyroidism have proved to be effective in long-term control of hypothyroidism. Dietary changes like elimination of refined carbohydrates, sugar and caffeine and increasing the protein intake can help in managing the thyroid levels. A diet rich in nutrients and natural sources of iodine can also help in alleviating the symptoms. Relaxation therapy is also recommended for treatment of hypothyroidism.