Colitis refers to inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. There are numerous causes of colitis including infection, inflammatory bowel disease, ischemic colitis, allergic reactions and microscopic colitis. Symptoms of colitis depend upon the cause and may include:
1. Abdominal pain
3. Diarrhea with or without blood in the stool
Associated symptoms depend upon the cause of colitis and may include:
5. Eye inflammation
6. Joint swelling
7. Canker sores
8. skin inflammation
HOW IS COLITIS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis will be carried out by the general physician or the Gastroenterologist with the help of an X ray of the abdomen, a colonoscopy as well as a Barium Enema and a CT or MRI scan. Also, the doctor may conduct a stool test in the lab for signs of bacterial infection and bleeding.
HOW IS COLITIS TREATED?
Treatment for ulcerative colitis aims to relieve symptoms during a flare-up and prevent symptoms from returning. Medicines may help aid relief from the flare-up phase. Mild to moderate flare-ups can usually be treated at home. However, more severe flare-ups need to be treated in the hospital to reduce the risk of serious complications. In severe cases, a surgery is recommended to remove the colon.
DID YOU KNOW?
People suffering from colitis for a long period of time are at a risk of developing colon cancer.