Blood disorders are associated with problem with red blood cells, white blood cells, or the smaller, circulating cells called platelets. It affects one or more parts of the blood. Types of blood disorders include:
• Platelet disorders, excessive clotting, and bleeding problems
• Anemia, which happens when your blood does not carry enough oxygen to the rest of your body
• Cancers of the blood, such as leukemia and myeloma
• Eosinophilic disorders, which are problems with one type of white blood cell
Some of the common symptoms are:
• Anemia, fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath due to decreased red blood cells and hemoglobin.
• Recurrent fever and infections due to decreased white blood cells or immune system proteins.
• Abnormal bleeding and bruising due to decreased platelets or blood clotting factors.
HOW IS BLOOD DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
A specialist from the Hematology department can carry out the diagnosis with lab tests aimed at studying a blood sample of the patient. This sample can be tested for complete red blood count, as well as other tests like platelet aggregation test.
HOW IS BLOOD DISORDERS TREATED?
The treatment depends on the stage of illness, age factor and overall health status. For platelet disorders, medications such as Nplate may be recommended for clotting problems. For white blood cell disorders, antibiotics may be recommended. To repair or replace damaged marrow, bone marrow transplant is performed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Steroids and other drugs can be used to stimulate better production of blood cells.