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Neutrophils are white blood cells that protect the body from infections and Neutropenia is a blood condition that occurs when neutrophil levels are low. Neutropenia are of four types namely Congenital, Cyclic, Autoimmune and idiopathic. Some of the common symptoms of Neutropenia include fever, pneumonia, navel infection, and gum inflammation, among others.
HOW IS NEUTROPENIA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Neutropenia is done through a blood cell count that is performed by removing a sample from the vein. The blood test aims to detect the absolute neutrophil count in blood. Other tests may be performed to determine the cause of Neutropenia.
HOW IS NEUTROPENIA TREATED?
Treatment of Neutropenia depends on the cause and severity. Antibiotic or antifungal infections are given by general physicians to fight infections. Growth factors are administered for increasing white blood cells. Other treatment methods are granulocyte transfusions and corticosteroid therapy. Maintaining hygiene by regularly washing hands is also a preventive measure for Neutropenia.
DID YOU KNOW?
In adults, a count of less than 1500 neutrophils per microliter of blood is considered to be a case of neutropenia.