Dysentery is a condition that causes the inflammation of the intestines and affects the colon specifically. It can lead to loose motions or diarrhoea with blood or mucus discharge. It can be of two types: bacillary or amoebic. Dysentery is caused by bacteria or protozoan. The symptoms include fever, nausea, loose motions, fatigue and pain in the abdomen.
HOW IS DYSENTERY DIAGNOSED?
Clinical diagnosis of dysentery is through examination of your symptoms and medical history. General physician may order for stool and blood tests for confirming diagnosis. The doctor may look for presence of specific virus or parasites in blood and stools
HOW IS DYSENTERY TREATED?
Treatment of dysentery aims to get rid of the cause and maintain hydration levels in body. Oral rehydration therapy in which fluid intake is increased is the best way to prevent dehydration of the body. In severe dehydration, intravenous administration of fluids may be needed. Antibiotic dosage may be given to get rid of the virus or bacteria.
DID YOU KNOW?
Untreated dysentery can lead to severe dehydration. Severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalances can result in shock or coma and may be life-threatening. The symptoms of severe dehydration such as confusion, lethargy, loss of consciousness, cold skin, or decreased urine output require immediate medical help.