When the teeth get damaged due to tooth decay, this condition is known as dental cavities. In this condition, the outer layer and the inner layer of the tooth get affected equally. The outer layer is known as the enamel while the inner layer is called the dentin. This problem can occur in children and adults alike due to excessive sugar intake and gum disease.
HOW IS DENTAL CAVITIES DIAGNOSED?
Dentists may look for cavities during your regular dental check up. He or she might look for soft spots or any dark colored spots using a mirror and a dental probe. A tooth X-ray may be ordered for determining the extent to which the cavity has spread.
HOW IS DENTAL CAVITIES TREATED?
Treatment for dental cavities depends on the severity of the decay. For mild cavities, the dentist may remove the decayed portion and fill it with a filling material. For severe cavities that have spread till the tooth pulp a root canal treatment is performed followed by dental crowning.
DID YOU KNOW?
Oral hygiene is utmost important to prevent cavities. This consists of regular professional cleaning once in every 6 months, brushing at least twice a day, and flossing at least daily. X-rays may be taken yearly to detect possible cavity development in high-risk areas of the mouth.