Time to keep at bay cervical cancer

Cervical cancer can be prevented with vaccination. Know more from trusted oncologists, gynaecologists, and general physicians on Lybrate.

Top Doctor Insights on All About Cervical Cancer

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Surprising Causes of Cervical CANCER, You Must Be Aware About! 

Causes of cervical cancer women must be aware of.

Cervical cancer is also known as hpv (human papilloma virus). It is a type of cancer which usually affects the entrance region of uterus in women above 30 years. There are two types of cervical cancer - adenocarcinoma of the cervix and squamous cell cervical cancer. It is important to get the screening for cervical cancer done every 3-5 years.

The main causes of cervical cancer are:

1. Multiple sexual contacts: this cancer virus can be transmitted through sexual contact. Women who have had multiple sexual contacts are at a high risk of being infected by this cancer. Women who have not had multiple sexual partners can also get this, however those who have been sexually active (and very early in life) are more at risk.

2. Weak immunity: when your immune system is weak, you are automatically susceptible to a host of different ailments, some harmless and others much more harmful. Your body is vulnerable. One such medical condition a body with weak immune is open to is cervical cancer. People who have had transplants or have active hiv/aids viruses, are at a higher risk of having cervical cancer.

3. Smoking: smoking kills your body's immunity and increases the risk of being infected by various cancers, cervical cancer is one of them.

4. Early or multiple pregnancies: multiple pregnancies, giving birth before the age of 17 and using contraceptive pills for too long increase a woman's risk of contracting the cervical cancer virus.

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I was not aware about the cervical cancer prevention test while I was younger. Recently my Aunty got detected with cervical cancer and I am worried about its prevention. Is there a possibility that I can prevent it by vaccine or any other way? Also, can it be hereditary? P. S- I am married. 

Yes it's right, cervical cancer can be prevented with vaccination. It is very slow growing malignancy, so it can be detected very early by screening methods. Screening is recommended from age 21 to 29 years every ear by pap smear and after age of 30 years it should be done once every three years.
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All You Need to Know About Prevention of Cervical Cancer  

Cervical cancer is one of the most common form of cancer that affects women across the globe. This cancer is one of the few forms of cancer that can be avoided by vaccination at an early age. If detected early, cervical cancer is easily treatable through a combination of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.

Here are a few FAQs on Cervical Cancer that most people often want to know about.

Q1 What is Cervical Cancer?
A: Cervical Cancer is the cancer of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina.

Q2 What causes Cervical Cancer?
A: Cervical Cancer is caused by a virus known as human papillomavirus, or HPV. Women can get affected with the virus by having sex with someone who has it. HPV is very common and usually goes away in time. Usually, it leads to genital warts and sometimes shows no symptoms at all. Sometimes it leads to cervical cancer.

Q3 What are the early symptoms of cervical cancer?
A: The early symptoms of cervical cancer are:
Pain during sex
A sudden change in the menstrual cycle
Abnormal vaginal discharge
Vaginal bleeding between your menstrual cycle, after having sex or after menopause.

Q4 What are the preventive measures for cervical cancer?
A: Cervical cancer can be prevented by taking a vaccine against HPV. Regular PAP tests are also recommended for catching the cancer early on.

Q5 At what age should the HPV vaccine be taken for it to be effective?
A: The recommended age for boys and girls to take the HPV vaccine is 11-12 years. Women can have the vaccine before the age of 26 years.

Q6 Is the HPV vaccine safe?
A: Most of these vaccines are safe and come highly recommended. Many studies have been conducted to find otherwise but the fact remains that the vaccines are one sure shot way of reducing the chances of getting HPV. However, it is important to take any of these vaccinations under strict medical practitioner’s guidance.
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