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Vaginal Infection - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Vaginal Infection?

Vaginal infection is a condition when there is excessive yeast growth in the vagina. There will be intense itching, swelling and irritation in women who get this infection. Vaginal infection is bothersome for the women who experience it.

Causes :

Candida Albicans is the type of yeast that causes the vaginal infection. Yeast is generally present in the vagina and the growth of yeast is kept in check by lactobacillus bacteria. If there is an imbalance in the body, the bacteria cannot work and leads to overgrowth of the yeast. This condition causes itching and burning in the vagina. In some women, recurrent yeast infections will happen. If recurrent yeast infections occur, then the cause of the vaginal infection is another type of Candida yeast.

Imbalance in the body is caused due to many factors like pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, excessive antibiotics, weak immune system, hormonal imbalance, stress and lack of sleep.

Symptoms :

Anyone who is experiencing symptoms of vaginal infection should visit a gynaecologist. Gynaecologist will check whether the person had episodes of sexually transmitted disease. Pelvic exam is carried out to thoroughly check the vaginal walls and cervix. Vaginal sample test is prescribed for women who have recurrent episodes of vaginal infection.

Treatment for vaginal infection includes vaginal creams to remove the infection. Vaginal creams contain oil and hence have the ability to effect the latex of condom and other birth controls. It is best to avoid these birth control at the time of infection.

Simple yeast infections can be treated by a three-day regimen of ointments, anti fungal creams or suppository. The vaginal infection will cure on use of these medicines. A follow up to the doctor is required to check for recurrent episodes.

Complications :

Complicated vaginal infections can be caused due to a number of reasons like uncontrolled diabetes, pregnancy or HIV. These cause recurrent episodes of vaginal infections and hence need a more aggressive treatment. Here the women are given a 14-day cream or ointment and medications like antibiotics to treat the infections. Use of condoms during sex is also prescribed by the doctor to avoid further infection.

Vaginal infections can be prevented by following some simple precautions. Avoid wearing tight underwear, feminine deodorant or pads, eating a well balanced diet, avoid wearing wet underwear, wearing natural fibres like silk and cotton, avoiding use of hot tubs frequently, avoiding hot douches.

Prevention and precautions taken properly can avoid vaginal infections and lead to a good hygiene in women.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Vaginal discharge Vaginal inflammation Vaginal itching

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What is Vaginal Infection?

Causes :

Symptoms :

Complications :

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