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Tips To Know Your Body Is Running Short On Iodine

Written and reviewed by
Dt.Neha Suryawanshi 92% (20629ratings)
Tips To Know Your Body Is Running Short On Iodine

The 21st of October is observed as World Iodine Deficiency Disorder Day to raise awareness about preventable iodine deficiency disorders which puts a third of the total world’s population at risk. Iodine deficiency results in metabolic impairments and neuromuscular weakness such as goiter, hearing and speech impairment, vision impairment, low intelligence levels, cretinism, etc. Here is a list of some early signs you need to pay attention to, to prevent iodine deficiency.

Constant feeling of fatigue and depression

Iodine is a micronutrient essential for the proper functioning of every tissue in the body. It helps in the production of the thyroid hormones which when produced in less quantity impedes metabolism of the energy stores in the body. This can make you constantly feel tired, constipated, and depressed. If you are feeling unusually weak and tired, it may be due to an under-active thyroid stemming from not receiving enough iodine to function properly.

Dry skin and hair loss

Iodine deficiency often manifests as dermatological signs like dry skin and thinning hair. These signs are usually accompanied by other symptoms like muscle weakness and feeling cold more than usual. Women are eight times more prone to show these signs, especially after menopause. This is due to the fact that hair and skin health is regulated by our hormones associated with the thyroid gland. Although these can show due to other factors such as heredity, medication, and age, it is best to reach out to a doctor and find out if iodine deficiency is responsible.

Experiencing symptoms of Goiter

A goiter is the enlargement of the thyroid gland to the point it becomes visible as an extremely large Adam’s apple at the base of the neck. This is the most tell-tell sign of iodine deficiency. In extreme cases, this can cause difficulty in breathing when lying down as the thyroid gland tends to weigh on and constrict your air passages.

Weight Gain

Although some weight gain is a normal way of life, if you experience sudden and unusual weight gain, iodine deficiency is certainly an aspect to explore. If your diet and exercise plans are not giving you fulfilling results, consult with your doctor about the possibility of iodine deficiency, and get bloodwork done to check iodine levels. The unforeseen weight can be traced back to the body’s inability to metabolize the food and storing excess levels of food in the tissues.

Irregular heart rate

The proper functioning of the cardiovascular system is heavily influenced by that of the thyroid gland. Therefore, any deficiency of iodine in the body tends to manifest as irregular heart rate and other symptoms of an inadequately functioning heart.

Iodized salt has become a government norm to ensure that the basic serving of iodine is incorporated in every diet. However, since iodine deficiency can result from a large number of factors from deficient iodine consumption to the malabsorption of iodine, it is advised to consult a doctor if your body is showing signs of iodine deficiency.

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