The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located on the front side of the neck. The function of the thyroid gland is to make 2 thyroid hormones- t4 & t3. These hormones have an effect on nearly all the cells of the body. They are necessary for the efficient functioning of each & every cell of the body.
The thyroid hormones have to be in perfect balance for the efficient functioning of the body systems. Too little or too much thyroid hormone can have a various deleterious effect on the body.
Hypothyroidism - this condition is characterized by insufficient or low production of thyroid hormones. This can lead to various symptoms like –
Causes of hypothyroidism
Who is at risk of hypothyroidism?
Untreated hypothyroidism affects liver, kidneys, intestines, brain, heart, reproductive system (infertility, repeated abortions)
What conditions are associated with hypothyroidism?
Conditions like diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol levels, anaemia, depression, other autoimmune diseases.
Hypothyroidism & pregnancy
Pregnancy-related hormones lead to decrease in thyroid hormone levels. Few reports suggests that up to 14% of pregnant women may have hypothyroidism. Untreated hypothyroidism in pregnancy can cause the following health problems in -
Monitoring has to be done during all the 3 trimesters of pregnancy. Take the advice of a thyroid specialist as pregnancy is a very delicate issue wherein the health of mother & baby, both, is involved.
Hyperthyroidism- it is a condition characterized by excess production of the thyroid hormones. It is a more serious condition than hypothyroidism as it has more adverse effects on the body. Also, the treatment can be tricky & complicated at times. Hence, a consultation with a thyroid specialist is a must.
Signs & symptoms-
What are the adverse effects of untreated hyperthyroidism?
A sudden intensification of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism (thyroid storm) could lead to fever, rapid pulse & even acutely disturbed state of mind.
Care to be taken by persons with thyroid problems-