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Scoliosis Correction Tips

All About Scoliosis

Dr. Gururaj Sangondimath 86% (24 ratings)
Fellowship in spinal tumor surgery, Fellowship in Cervical spine surgery, FNB Spine Surgery, Fellowship in spinal deformity, fellowship in MInimalli invasive(Keyhole) surgery, CPC paliative care, MS-Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Howrah
All About Scoliosis

Scoliosis is the abnormal twisting and curvature of the spine. It is usually first noticed by a change in appearance of the back. There are several types of scoliosis based on the cause and age when the curve develops; the majority of patients have no known cause.

Typical signs include:
1. Visibly curved spine
2. One shoulder being higher than the other
3. One shoulder or hip being more prominent than the other
4. Clothes not hanging properly
5. A prominent ribcage
6. A difference in leg lengths

Back pain is common in adults with scoliosis. Young people with scoliosis may also experience some discomfort, but it's less likely to be severe. Seeking medical advice If you or your child has signs of scoliosis, make an appointment to see your spine specialist. They can examine your back and can refer you for an X-ray for confirmation. If you or your child are diagnosed with scoliosis, it is important to see a scoliosis specialist to talk about treatment options.

What causes scoliosis?
In around eight out of every 10 cases, a cause for scoliosis is not found. This is known as idiopathic scoliosis. A small number of cases are caused by other medical conditions, including:
1. Congenital scoliosis: Caused by birth defects.
2. Neuromuscular scoliosis: Common conditions are
- cerebral palsy
- a condition associated with brain damage
- muscular dystrophy
- a genetic condition that causes muscle weakness
- marfan syndrome
- a disorder of the connective tissues
3. Idiopathic Scoliosis: What causes idiopathic scoliosis is still unknown.
4. Adult scoliosis: In adults, age related changes in the discs and joints of the spine and a reduction in bone density may cause scoliosis. Adults can also experience worsening over time of previously undiagnosed or untreated scoliosis.

Diagnosing scoliosis
Scoliosis can usually be diagnosed after a physical examination of the spine, ribs, hips and shoulders. You may be asked to bend forward to see if any areas are particularly prominent. For example, one of your shoulders may be higher than the other or there may be a bulge in your back. Scans The specialist will take an X-ray to confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis.The X-ray images will also help determine the shape, direction, location and angle of the curve. The medical name for the angle the spine curves is known as the Cobb angle.In some cases, scans such as a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan or a computerised tomography (CT) scan may also be recommended. Treating scoliosis in children If your child has scoliosis, their treatment will depend on their age and how severe it is. The main treatment options are:
- observation
- casting
- bracing
- surgery

Observation treatment is not always necessary for very young children because their condition often corrects itself as they grow. However, if the curve does not correct itself, it can reduce the space for the internal organs to develop in, so careful monitoring by a specialist is important. Casting in some cases affecting young children, the spine may need to be guided during growth in an attempt to correct the curve.

In a child aged under two years of age, this can sometimes be achieved by using a cast. A cast is an external brace to the trunk made out of a lightweight combination of plaster and modern casting materials. The cast is worn constantly and cannot be removed, but is changed regularly to allow for growth and remodelling. Bracing If the curve of your child's spine is getting worse, your specialist may recommend they wear a back brace while they are growing.

A brace cannot cure scoliosis or correct the curve, but it may stop the curve from getting worse. If a brace is used, it will need to be carefully fitted to your child's spine. Braces are often made of rigid plastic, although flexible braces are sometimes available. In general, modern back braces are designed so they are difficult to see under loose fitting clothing. It's usually recommended that the brace is worn for 23 hours a day, and is only removed for baths and showers.

However, it should be removed during contact sports and swimming. Regular exercise is important for children wearing a brace.The brace will usually have to be worn for as long as your child's body is still growing. For most children, this will mean they can stop wearing it when they are around 16 or 17 years old. Surgery is recommended, if your child scoliosis is severe and in case, other treatments have been unsuccessful, corrective surgery may be recommended. They type of surgery will depend on your child's age.

Surgery in children for younger children, generally those under the age of 8 to 9, an operation may be carried out to insert growing rods. These rods aim to allow for continued controlled growth of the spine while partially correcting the scoliosis. After surgery to insert the rods, your child will need to return to their specialist every 4 to 6 months to have the rods lengthened to keep up with the child's growth. In some cases, rods that can be lengthened using external magnets during an outpatient appointment may be used.

Surgery in teenagers and young adults operation where the spine is straightened using metal rods attached with screws, hooks, and/or wires, and bone grafts are used to fuse the spine in place. This metalwork will usually be left in place permanently, unless they cause any problems. After the operation, most children can return to school after a few weeks and can play sports after a few months. Possible complications of scoliosis Physical complications of scoliosis are rare, although serious problems can develop if it's left untreated.

Emotional issues having a visibly curved spine or wearing a back brace may cause problems related to body image Lung and heart problems In particularly severe cases of scoliosis the rib cage can be pushed against the heart and lungs, causing breathing problems and making it difficult for the heart to pump blood around the body. Nerve compression In some cases of scoliosis, particularly those affecting adults, the bones in the spine compress nearby.

4094 people found this helpful

Scoliosis - Know The Reasons Behind It!

Dr. V G Rajan 86% (22 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS)
Orthopedist, Bangalore
Scoliosis - Know The Reasons Behind It!

Introduction Scoliosis is the abnormal twisting and curvature of the spine. It is usually first noticed by a change in appearance of the back. There are several types of scoliosis based on the cause and age when the curve develops; the majority of patients have no known cause.

Typical signs include:
1. Visibly curved spine
2. One shoulder being higher than the other
3. One shoulder or hip being more prominent than the other
4. Clothes not hanging properly
5. A prominent ribcage
6. A difference in leg lengths

Back pain is common in adults with scoliosis. Young people with scoliosis may also experience some discomfort, but it's less likely to be severe. Seeking medical advice If you or your child has signs of scoliosis, make an appointment to see your spine specialist. They can examine your back and can refer you for an X-ray for confirmation. If you or your child are diagnosed with scoliosis, it is important to see a scoliosis specialist to talk about treatment options.

What causes scoliosis?
In around eight out of every 10 cases, a cause for scoliosis is not found. This is known as idiopathic scoliosis. A small number of cases are caused by other medical conditions, including:

  1. Congenital scoliosis: Caused by birth defects.
  2. Neuromuscular scoliosis: Common conditions are
    • Cerebral palsy
    • A condition associated with brain damage
    • Muscular dystrophy
    • A genetic condition that causes muscle weakness
    • Marfan syndrome
    • A disorder of the connective tissues
  3. Idiopathic Scoliosis: Reason not known.
  4. Adult scoliosis: In adults, age related changes in the discs and joints of the spine and a reduction in bone density may cause scoliosis. Adults can also experience worsening over time of previously undiagnosed or untreated scoliosis.

Diagnosing scoliosis
Scoliosis can usually be diagnosed after a physical examination of the spine, ribs, hips and shoulders. You may be asked to bend forward to see if any areas are particularly prominent. For example, one of your shoulders may be higher than the other or there may be a bulge in your back. Scans The specialist will take an X-ray to confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis.The X-ray images will also help determine the shape, direction, location and angle of the curve. The medical name for the angle the spine curves is known as the Cobb angle.In some cases, scans such as a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan or a computerised tomography (CT) scan may also be recommended. Treating scoliosis in children If your child has scoliosis, their treatment will depend on their age and how severe it is. The main treatment options are:

  • Observation
  • Casting
  • Bracing
  • Surgery

Observation treatment is not always necessary for very young children because their condition often corrects itself as they grow. However, if the curve does not correct itself, it can reduce the space for the internal organs to develop in, so careful monitoring by a specialist is important. Casting in some cases affecting young children, the spine may need to be guided during growth in an attempt to correct the curve.

In a child aged under two years of age, this can sometimes be achieved by using a cast. A cast is an external brace to the trunk made out of a lightweight combination of plaster and modern casting materials. The cast is worn constantly and cannot be removed, but is changed regularly to allow for growth and remodelling. Bracing If the curve of your child's spine is getting worse, your specialist may recommend they wear a back brace while they are growing.

A brace cannot cure scoliosis or correct the curve, but it may stop the curve from getting worse. If a brace is used, it will need to be carefully fitted to your child's spine. Braces are often made of rigid plastic, although flexible braces are sometimes available. In general, modern back braces are designed so they are difficult to see under loose fitting clothing. It's usually recommended that the brace is worn for 23 hours a day, and is only removed for baths and showers.

However, it should be removed during contact sports and swimming. Regular exercise is important for children wearing a brace.The brace will usually have to be worn for as long as your child's body is still growing. For most children, this will mean they can stop wearing it when they are around 16 or 17 years old. Surgery is recommended, if your child scoliosis is severe and in case, other treatments have been unsuccessful, corrective surgery may be recommended. They type of surgery will depend on your child's age.

Surgery in children for younger children, generally those under the age of 8 to 9, an operation may be carried out to insert growing rods. These rods aim to allow for continued controlled growth of the spine while partially correcting the scoliosis. After surgery to insert the rods, your child will need to return to their specialist every 4 to 6 months to have the rods lengthened to keep up with the child's growth. In some cases, rods that can be lengthened using external magnets during an outpatient appointment may be used.

Surgery in teenagers and young adults operation where the spine is straightened using metal rods attached with screws, hooks, and/or wires, and bone grafts are used to fuse the spine in place. This metalwork will usually be left in place permanently, unless they cause any problems. After the operation, most children can return to school after a few weeks and can play sports after a few months. Possible complications of scoliosis Physical complications of scoliosis are rare, although serious problems can develop if it's left untreated.

Emotional issues having a visibly curved spine or wearing a back brace may cause problems related to body image Lung and heart problems In particularly severe cases of scoliosis the rib cage can be pushed against the heart and lungs, causing breathing problems and making it difficult for the heart to pump blood around the body. Nerve compression In some cases of scoliosis, particularly those affecting adults, the bones in the spine compress nearby.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2605 people found this helpful

Scoliosis - How Can It Be Diagnosed The Right Way?

Dr. Pramod Saini 88% (12 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, FNB Spine surgery, Fellowship In Spine Surgery (AO Spine)
Orthopedist, Noida
Scoliosis - How Can It Be Diagnosed The Right Way?

Introduction Scoliosis is the abnormal twisting and curvature of the spine. It is usually first noticed by a change in appearance of the back. There are several types of scoliosis based on the cause and age when the curve develops; the majority of patients have no known cause.

Typical signs include:
1. Visibly curved spine
2. One shoulder being higher than the other
3. One shoulder or hip being more prominent than the other
4. Clothes not hanging properly
5. A prominent ribcage
6. A difference in leg lengths

Back pain is common in adults with scoliosis. Young people with scoliosis may also experience some discomfort, but it's less likely to be severe. Seeking medical advice If you or your child has signs of scoliosis, make an appointment to see your spine specialist. They can examine your back and can refer you for an X-ray for confirmation. If you or your child are diagnosed with scoliosis, it is important to see a scoliosis specialist to talk about treatment options.

What causes scoliosis?
In around eight out of every 10 cases, a cause for scoliosis is not found. This is known as idiopathic scoliosis. A small number of cases are caused by other medical conditions, including:
1. Congenital scoliosis: Caused by birth defects.
2. Neuromuscular scoliosis: Common conditions are

  • Cerebral palsy
  • A condition associated with brain damage
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • A genetic condition that causes muscle weakness
  • Marfan syndrome
  • A disorder of the connective tissues

3. Idiopathic Scoliosis: Reason not known.
4. Adult scoliosis: In adults, age related changes in the discs and joints of the spine and a reduction in bone density may cause scoliosis. Adults can also experience worsening over time of previously undiagnosed or untreated scoliosis.

Diagnosing scoliosis
Scoliosis can usually be diagnosed after a physical examination of the spine, ribs, hips and shoulders. You may be asked to bend forward to see if any areas are particularly prominent. For example, one of your shoulders may be higher than the other or there may be a bulge in your back. Scans The specialist will take an X-ray to confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis.The X-ray images will also help determine the shape, direction, location and angle of the curve. The medical name for the angle the spine curves is known as the Cobb angle.In some cases, scans such as a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan or a computerised tomography (CT) scan may also be recommended. Treating scoliosis in children If your child has scoliosis, their treatment will depend on their age and how severe it is. The main treatment options are:

  • Observation
  • Casting
  • Bracing
  • Surgery

Observation treatment is not always necessary for very young children because their condition often corrects itself as they grow. However, if the curve does not correct itself, it can reduce the space for the internal organs to develop in, so careful monitoring by a specialist is important. Casting in some cases affecting young children, the spine may need to be guided during growth in an attempt to correct the curve.

In a child aged under two years of age, this can sometimes be achieved by using a cast. A cast is an external brace to the trunk made out of a lightweight combination of plaster and modern casting materials. The cast is worn constantly and cannot be removed, but is changed regularly to allow for growth and remodelling. Bracing If the curve of your child's spine is getting worse, your specialist may recommend they wear a back brace while they are growing.

A brace cannot cure scoliosis or correct the curve, but it may stop the curve from getting worse. If a brace is used, it will need to be carefully fitted to your child's spine. Braces are often made of rigid plastic, although flexible braces are sometimes available. In general, modern back braces are designed so they are difficult to see under loose fitting clothing. It's usually recommended that the brace is worn for 23 hours a day, and is only removed for baths and showers.

However, it should be removed during contact sports and swimming. Regular exercise is important for children wearing a brace.The brace will usually have to be worn for as long as your child's body is still growing. For most children, this will mean they can stop wearing it when they are around 16 or 17 years old. Surgery is recommended, if your child scoliosis is severe and in case, other treatments have been unsuccessful, corrective surgery may be recommended. They type of surgery will depend on your child's age.

Surgery in children for younger children, generally those under the age of 8 to 9, an operation may be carried out to insert growing rods. These rods aim to allow for continued controlled growth of the spine while partially correcting the scoliosis. After surgery to insert the rods, your child will need to return to their specialist every 4 to 6 months to have the rods lengthened to keep up with the child's growth. In some cases, rods that can be lengthened using external magnets during an outpatient appointment may be used.

Surgery in teenagers and young adults operation where the spine is straightened using metal rods attached with screws, hooks, and/or wires, and bone grafts are used to fuse the spine in place. This metalwork will usually be left in place permanently, unless they cause any problems. After the operation, most children can return to school after a few weeks and can play sports after a few months. Possible complications of scoliosis Physical complications of scoliosis are rare, although serious problems can develop if it's left untreated.

Emotional issues having a visibly curved spine or wearing a back brace may cause problems related to body image Lung and heart problems In particularly severe cases of scoliosis the rib cage can be pushed against the heart and lungs, causing breathing problems and making it difficult for the heart to pump blood around the body. Nerve compression In some cases of scoliosis, particularly those affecting adults, the bones in the spine compress nearby.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3284 people found this helpful

Scoliosis!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 85% (10 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi

Scoliosis 

Treatment of Scoliosis
Homeopathic Treatment of Scoliosis
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Scoliosis
Psychotherapy Treatment of Scoliosis
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Scoliosis
Surgical Treatment of Scoliosis
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Scoliosis
Other Treatment of Scoliosis
What is Scoliosis
Symptoms of Scoliosis
Causes of Scoliosis
Risk factors of Scoliosis
Complications of Scoliosis
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Scoliosis
Precautions & Prevention of Scoliosis
Treatment of Scoliosis 

Homeopathic Treatment of Scoliosis

Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It can help in prevention and in slowing down progress of condition. It also helps in improving overall health. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of Scoliosis are:
Calc
Lyco
Puls
Rhus tox
Ruta
Sepia
Silicea
 

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Scoliosis

Acupuncture relieves by improving the energy system. In acupuncture therapist will first diagnose the case on the basis of energy system or chi blockage as well as on the basis of status of five elements. On this basis certain disease specific acupoints are selected and stimulated.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Scoliosis

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and better life management. 

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Scoliosis

If your child’s bones are still growing, your doctor may recommend a brace. It usually prevents further progression of the curve.

Surgical Treatment of Scoliosis

Surgical Treatment of Scoliosis is called spinal fusion. Surgeons connect two or more of the bones in the spine (vertebrae) together, so they can’t move independently. Pieces of bone or a bone-like material are placed between the vertebrae. Metal rods, hooks, screws or wires typically hold that part of the spine straight and still while the old and new bone material fuses together.

 

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Scoliosis

Eat sources of vitamin D such as cereal, saltwater fish and eggs
Eat calcium-rich foods such as Broccoli and orange juice
Eat dark leafy vegetables
 

What is Scoliosis

Scoliosis causes a sideways curve of your backbone, or spine. It occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some children develop spine deformities that continue to get more severe as they grow.

Symptoms of Scoliosis

Uneven shoulders
one shoulder or hip that looks higher than the other
One shoulder blade that appears more prominent than the other
waistline is flat on one side
 

Causes of Scoliosis

Hereditary factors
Neuromuscular conditions, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy
Birth defects affecting the development of the bones of the spine
Injuries to or infections of the spine
 

Risk factors of Scoliosis

Family history
Between the ages of 9 and 15 years
Being a girl
 

Complications of Scoliosis

Lung and heart damage
Chronic back pain
Self-conscious about their appearance 
 

Diagnosis of Scoliosis

Diagnosis of Scoliosis involves the following tests:

Medical history
Physical exam
Neurological exam
X-rays
MRI and CT scan
Bone scan
 

Precautions & Prevention of Scoliosis

General exercise or participating in sports may have the benefit of improving overall health and well-being.

 

Scoliosis - Poor Awareness And Social Stigma Leads To Delayed Diagnosis in India

Dr. Phani Kiran S 92% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopedics
Orthopedist, Chennai
Scoliosis - Poor Awareness And Social Stigma Leads To Delayed Diagnosis in India

Awareness is the key to catch it early and reduce the risks associated.

  • Scoliosis is an abnormal sideways curve in the spine. Normally the spine has a straight alignment when seen from the front or back. A sideways curve in the spine can develop due to a various reasons at different stages of growth. As the spine grows taller, there is a tendency for the curves to worsen and can become severe by the time the kid reaches skeletal maturity.
  • The curve in the spine is associated with rotation of the spinal column to one side. As the ribs attached to the spine rotate along with it, it leads to a rib hump in the back on one side and prominence of chest wall in the front on the other side. A curve in the lower spine leads to asymmetry in the waist lines. It is usually the rib hump or asymmetrical waist line that brings the problem to notice, usually at a time when the kid is growing rapidly.
  • Severe curves distort the chest cavity and reduce the space available for the lungs, thereby reducing the breathing capacity, especially if the scoliosis starts before 5 years of age (early onset scoliosis). This is known to significantly reduce life expectancy due to failure of lung and heart function over the years. In some with severe curves, the spinal cord function may get affected leading to progressive weakness in lower limbs and eventually loss of ability to walk. But the most common and important complaint with scoliosis is the cosmetic appearance and related problems. The social stigma and misconceptions associated with these deformities  is often the reason for the parents not seeking medical opinion earlier. The child may suffer low confidence due to self perceived defective body image, affecting their performance in studies and sports.
  • Common cause of scoliosis in infants and toddlers is a bony defect in the spine resulting in asymmetrical growth in both sides of the spine leading to a rapidly worsening curve (known as Congenital scoliosis). A bony defect during development of skeleton in the womb or during growth after birth is usually associated with birth defects in other systems like heart, kidneys and other bones and can be detected at or soon after birth. In some, it is a nerve or muscle disorder leading to muscle imbalance resulting in a curve in the spine (known as Neuromuscular scoliosis, for example: Poliomyelitis, cerebral palsy). But majority of scoliosis that is noticed in second decade of life has no known cause and is called Idiopathic scoliosis.
  • Treatment options include serial observations, spinal braces, and surgical correction of the deformity depending on various factors in each individual patient.
  • But the most important factor that may help reduce the severity of the problem is early detection and treatment. The risks involved in surgical correction of a severe curve are much more than in a smaller curve detected much earlier. Newer techniques like growing rods can be used in those with early onset scoliosis to prevent compromise of lung and heart function while allowing the spine to grow in a better alignment. Consult a Spine specialist if you notice any suspicious curve / asymmetry in the back in your kid.

Scoliosis - Understanding It In Detail!

Dr. Chirag Chudasama 85% (10 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, Fellow In arthroscopy
Orthopedist, Ahmedabad
Scoliosis - Understanding It In Detail!

Scoliosis is a medical condition, when a person’s spine has a sideways curve. Normally, the shape of a person’s spine includes a curve at the top of the shoulder and a curve at the lower back but if the spine’s curve is S or C shape in nature, then it’s a clear indication that the person has scoliosis. It’s a term used to refer to cases having no definite cause. Only 20% of cases related to scoliosis could be identified by the doctors.

Two different types of scoliosis are:

  1. Congenital: In this case, spinal deformities become apparent at birth
  2. Neurological: This is a situation when nerve tends to function in an abnormal manner affecting muscles in the spine.

Symptoms

The symptoms tend to vary depending on the extent of the problem caused by Scoliosis. Some of the most common symptoms are:

  1. Back Pain
  2. Spine gets rotated
  3. Hips seem to become uneven
  4. One side’s shoulder blade becomes higher than the other
  5. Breathing problems due to compressed area in the chest.

What Causes Scoliosis?

The main cause behind the problem can’t be determined but doctors tend to identify certain reasons why people might get affected by scoliosis:

  1. Spinal Injuries
  2. A group of genetic disorders, termed as muscular dystrophy, which might result in muscle weakness.
  3. Certain defects at the time of birth, which might affect an infant’s spinal bones.
  4. A group of nervous system disorders, such as cerebral palsy, which can affect hearing, seeing, learning, thinking and movement

Diagnosis of the problem

When you go to a doctor for check-up, it’s important that the doctor is able to diagnose the problem properly. So, the general norm is to go for a physical examination, either an x-ray, CT scan or MRI. Generally a curve is considered significant if it is greater than 25 to 30 degrees, whereas those exceeding 45 to 50 degrees are termed as severe and require aggressive treatment.

Treatment

The treatment is meted out once confirmed diagnosis of scoliosis has been done. Some of the treatment options that doctors might consider are as follows:Observation: In some cases, especially among children, a doctor might feel that the curve in the spinal cord is mild and hence do not require any treatment.  Adults affected by Scoliosis are usually recommended to go for X-rays once in every five years, till symptoms tend to become worse.

  1. Bracing: Bracing is a kind of treatment, only applicable for those who have not attained skeletal maturity. If at a growing stage, a child’s curve is between 25 and 40 degrees, a brace is recommended to prevent the curve from progressing further.
  2. Surgery: A doctor goes for surgery to attain two primary goals – to stop the curve from getting worse and to lessen spinal deformity.

Hence, we have discussed about the problem of Scoliosis by looking at its different types, symptoms, causes, ways to diagnose this particular medical condition and finally treatment procedures.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2558 people found this helpful

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis - Know The Causes Behind It!

Dr. Harpreet Singh 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Clinical Fellowship In Adult & Peadiatric Spine Surgery
Orthopedist, Kanpur
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis - Know The Causes Behind It!

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis or AIS is a spinal disorder that leads to a curvature of the spine. As the name of the condition suggests, it is diagnosed during late childhood or early adolescent. However, there is a possibility of it occurring till the age of 18. Even though some of the curvature remains constant throughout life, others may progress as the patient ages.

Causes of AIS
The exact cause for AIS is not known and neither can the condition be connected to other underlying abnormalities. The term ‘idiopathic’ refers to a condition, which is mysterious. However, the scientific community agrees that a combination of factors including

  • Hormonal problems
  • Abnormal growth of the bone and muscle
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Nervous symptom abnormalities

It is common for people with family history of the condition to be affected. Almost 30 percent of AIS patients have a genetic predisposition to the condition. Both men and women can be affected by the disease, but girls are at a higher risk of developing greater curves on the spine over time.

AIS Symptoms
Extreme pain is often not one of the symptoms related to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Here is a look at some of the more common symptoms associated with the condition.

  1. Asymmetrical shoulder height- AIS and the resulting deformation of the spine often causes one shoulder to droop lower than the other one.
  2. Tilted shoulder blades- Aside from the differing height in shoulders, one shoulder blade may be tilted forward, while the other blade may be positioned normally.
  3. Rib protrusion- As the name suggests, AIS may cause one rib to protrude from the back. This can be easily visible from behind the patient.
  4. Torso Lean- This symptom is common in people where the AIS affect the middle or lower back. In such a case, the upper body may seem to be leaning to any one side, and one side of the hip may seem to be higher than the other one.

AIS Treatments
Treatment is divided into surgical and non-invasive. While in the beginning, the non-invasive procedure, such as medication may be used, surgery may be required if all other remedies fail. However, treatment of some kind is essential as ignoring the problem can severely restrict movement and may even lead to other severe issues. Some minimally invasive procedures have also been developed, which can help treat the condition. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3777 people found this helpful

Correct Posture

Dr. Pradeep Jain 90% (122 ratings)
MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Jodhpur
Correct Posture

Correct Posture

2 people found this helpful

Do you know correct way of drinking water?

Dt. Farzana Chauhan 92% (153 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, B.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Do you know correct way of drinking water?

The way in which you drink water can seriously be a life-changer. And all you need to make is simple, minor changes such as --

1. First off, sit down to drink (just as you should sit down to eat).

2. Take sips, not full-glass chugs. Small sip, swallow, breathe. Repeat.

3. Sip water throughout the day. If you chug too much water at once your body doesn't actually absorb all of it. Most of it will run right through you.

4. Drink at least room temperature water. Warm is even better. Cold and iced water literally douse the digestive fire.

5. Only sip a small amount of water with your meals. If you drink too much while you eat, your belly won’t have enough room for digestive action. Remember this rule: fill your stomach 1/3 with food, 1/3 with water, and leave 1/3 empty for the digestive juices and process.

6. For the same reason, don’t drink loads of water before or after your meals.

7. As far as how much, we’re all different sizes with varied diets and lifestyles. One set rule of eight glasses a day simply can not apply to everyone. Naturally, the miraculous human body has it’s own built-in measuring system: thirst. If you’re thirsty, drink water. When you listen to thirst cues and sip water throughout the day you’ll be drinking the right amount.

8. Your urine is a secondary confirmation to know if you’re amply hydrated. It should be fairly clear and straw colored. If it’s dark yellow you need to drink more.

9. Your lips are yet another indicator. If they’re dry you might be dehydrated.

www.allaboutdiets.in

Click on consult privately to join my healthy online weight loss diet program and get assured result.
57 people found this helpful

Correct amount of toothpaste for children

BDS, MDS
Dentist,
Correct amount of toothpaste for children
Excessive amount of toothpaste can increase the chances of your child consuming too much fluoride while brushing. Use half of tooth brush bristles length toothpaste.
92 people found this helpful
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