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Salt - Know Good & Bad About It!

Reviewed by
Dt. Pooja Manoj 89% (21 ratings)
MSc Dietetics, BSc Nursing
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Thrissur  •  11 years experience
Salt - Know Good & Bad About It!

The salt content in food is a natural fact. People prefer salt in their food items in order to have taste, but medical research studies have suggested that excessive intake of salt leads the individuals to suffer from high blood pressure which is harmful to their wellbeing. Over the past century, medical research has become quite advanced. According to various researches, high consumption of salt in food can make the health conditions of the individuals get worse to a wide extent. Not only high blood pressure but consuming too much salt or sodium can cause heart complications for the individuals. However, the doctors have prescribed that the salt in the diet can have some health advantages which can positively impact the health conditions of the people.

Pros of containing salt in diet:

  1. Salt helps to control the blood sugar levels thereby improving insulin sensitivity
  2. Salt can act as a natural antihistamine, i.e., improving an allergic reaction or ensuring prevention from an asthma attack
  3. Salt intake helps to maintain proper stomach pH
  4. Sleep quality can also be improved through the intake of salt by suppressing stress and pressure from the individuals
  5. It also helps the body to function properly by enabling the nerves and the muscles to work appropriately
  6. Moreover, the intake of salt in the diet can also regulate blood pressure and volume

Apart from all these beneficial factors, medical science has listed certain drawbacks or cons of intake of salt that can affect the health conditions of the people. Scientists have proved and showed evidence that excess of salt in the diet can cost various innocent lives.

The negative factors of excessive salt intake have been listed below:

  1. Though salt level can regulate the blood pressure but intake of excessive salt leads to putting up the blood pressure to a considerable extent affecting their health conditions
  2. People can also suffer from hypertension and heart failures due to excessive consumption of salt in the food
  3. Stomach cancer, kidney stones and obesity can also be caused due to salty diet
  4. Intake of an excessive amount of salt leads to chronic fluid retention leading to heart failures
  5. Salt intake can cause obesity and vascular dementia
  6. Osteoporosis is also another danger that can take place in the people due to the intake of salt in their food.

Thus from the overall discussion, it can be said that medical researchers have thoroughly generated their views regarding the fact that salt or sodium intake can leave both the positive and negative impacts on the lives of the people. Hence, it is widely recommended by the doctors that people must reduce their salt consumption in their diet to reduce blood pressure and maintain a healthy living.

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