A few days ago, Nick Jonas, Priyanka Chopra's fiance, took to Instagram to reveal that he was diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes 13 years ago. The famous singer went on to explain that since he has always been working out and eating right to manage the disease. It is a heart-warming message and is a timely reminder that Type 1 Diabetes should be diagnosed on time so that medication can manage its symptoms.
What is Type 1 Diabetes?
It is a chronic condition, which is also called juvenile diabetes because it manifests only in children when the pancreas produce little to no insulin. Without insulin (a hormone), sugar cannot enter the cells and energy cannot be produced.
It is estimated that around 97,700 children in India are diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes every year.
When should you consult a doctor for Type 1 Diabetes?
If your child shows the following symptoms, it could be Type 1 Diabetes:
Frequent urge to urinate
Rapid weight loss
Vaginal yeast infection in girls
The feeling of always being hungry
What are the risks associated with Type 1 Diabetes?
The complications arising out of Type 1 Diabetes can have a severe and debilitating effect on the body in the long run:
Heart Diseases: Type 1 Diabetes can make a person more susceptible to cardiovascular problems like coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke and atherosclerosis (constricting of the arteries).
Kidney damage (Nephropathy): Type 1 Diabetes attacks the kidney’s filtering system, which can lead to kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease.
Nerve damage (Neuropathy): Type 1 Diabetes damages the walls of the blood vessels of neurons especially in the legs. This results in tingling sensation in the toes. Eventually, a person might lose all feeling in the legs.
Eye damage: Type 1 Diabetes can damage the retina to cause blindness. It can also cause cataracts and glaucoma.
Pregnancy-related complications: Type 1 Diabetes is dangerous for both the mother and the baby. The risks of miscarriage, stillbirth and birth defects go up significantly if the mother has type 1 diabetes.
Management of Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes has no cure. Type 1 Diabetes can be life-threatening unless it is meticulously managed every day of your life. Consult a doctor and dietician to chalk out a course that will help keep the effects of diabetes under check.
Since the body does not produce sufficient insulin, insulin supplements in the form of injects are needed. You will have to undergo insulin therapy all throughout your life
You need to monitor your blood glucose level every day. You can buy a glucometer to check your blood sugar level at home.
The super food that you must include in your diet are - beans, leafy vegetables, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, fish with omega 3 fatty acid, whole grains and citrus fruits. Always avoid alcohol and cigarettes.
Regular exercising can help manage glucose levels and ward off diabetes-related complications. Some exercises that you should incorporate in your daily regime are- aerobic exercises like running, swimming, cycling. If you are not up to rigorous exercises, you should at least walk for 30 minutes every day.
Type 1 Diabetes can be fatal but with proper medication, diet and exercise, you can go on to live a long healthy life.