PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome is a common ailment among teenagers and women and is caused when a woman has a hormonal imbalance. In addition to the production of estrogen which is the main female hormone, women also produce some amounts of testosterone which is the primary male hormone. When the level of testosterone is higher than normal, it leads to several gynecological problems including PCOS.
There is hyperandrogenic environment which leads to menstrual irregularities and certain manifestation such as hirsutism, acne. Weight gain in young adolescents leads to metabolic X syndrome and Insulin resistance, again causing menstrual irregularities and infertility.
What are the signs and symptoms of PCOS?
How is PCOS treated?
If you suffer from these problems, you need to consult with an expert gynecologist who will evaluate your overall health condition along with the menstrual cycle. The doctor will also ask whether you have a family history of PCOS and in this preliminary examination, he will check your blood pressure, weight, height, and overall appearance such as the growth of hair on the body and patches of darkened skin.
The treatment for PCOS in teens may include lifestyle changes such as eating healthy foods and exercising, counseling with a registered dietitian for losing weight, medicines containing female hormones and medications to help utilize insulin better. Treatments also include laser therapy or electrolysis for removal of unwanted hair in the body.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!