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Oophorectomy / Ovariectomy / Ovarian Ablation Health Feed

Heart Ablation - Things We All Must Know!

Dr. Nishith Chandra 91% (656 ratings)
DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Heart Ablation - Things We All Must Know!

Heart ablation or cardiac ablation is a procedure done to treat irregular heartbeats or arrhythmias. It is performed by an interventional cardiologist, a doctor who specialises in doing procedures for heart problems and it involves threading long wires called catheters through a blood vessel into your heart. The irregular heartbeats is treated by delivering an electrical pulse using electrodes to specific areas of your heart.

Arrhythmias
A normal heart beats at a steady rate, but sometimes, your heart may beat too quickly, too slowly, or unevenly. These heart rhythm problems are called arrhythmias and one of the treatments for this heart problem is cardiac ablation. Other treatment modalities are medications and changes in lifestyle. Heart ablation is prescribed when the other treatments fail. Arrhythmias mostly happen in older people and in people who suffer from other heart problems like cardiomyopathy.

Here are answers to most frequently asked questions related to ablation

Who will benefit from heart ablation?
The beneficiaries include people who

  • Suffer from arrhythmias that don’t respond to medicines
  • Suffer from side effects from arrhythmia medicines
  • Suffer from a specific kind of arrhythmia that respond very well to cardiac ablation
  • Are at a high risk for cardiac arrest or other complications which can be fatal

Cardiac ablation is very helpful for patients who have certain kinds of arrhythmias like atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia, which cause fast heartbeats.

How to prepare for cardiac ablation?
You will have to undergo extensive tests to record your heart’s electrical activity and rhythm. Your doctor will ask and record whether you have any other disease like high BP and diabetes.
If you are a woman and pregnant, you must not get this procedure done as it involves radiation. You will not be allowed to eat or drink anything after midnight, the night before the procedure.

How is heart ablation done?

Heart ablations are done in a special room known as an electrophysiology laboratory. It usually takes three to six hours and is usually done under general anaesthesia or local anaesthesia with sedation.
The catheters are threaded either from your neck, groyne or arm into your heart. Your cardiologist also injects a special contrast dye to help him see areas of abnormal muscle in your heart. He then uses a catheter with an electrode at the tip to give radiofrequency energy to the weak heart muscle to correct your irregular heartbeat.
You may have to stay overnight after the procedure.

Risks associated

  1. Bleeding
  2. Blood clots
  3. Damage to heart valves or arteries
  4. The build-up of fluid around your heart
  5. Heart attack
  6. Infection

Inflammation of sac surrounding your heart or pericarditis You will have to be monitored regularly after ablation to check for problems in your heart beats. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cardiologist.

3977 people found this helpful

Cardiac Ablation - Why Is It Performed?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Internal Medicine Specialist, Secunderabad
Cardiac Ablation - Why Is It Performed?

Cardiac ablation is a procedure that can correct problems associated with heart rhythm. It is a procedure performed by an interventional cardiologist, a doctor who specializes in performing procedures related to the heart. During the procedure, small wires called electrodes are placed inside your heart to measure its electrical activity. When the source of the problem is identified, the tissue causing the problem is destroyed.

Methods of performing cardiac ablation: There are two methods of performing cardiac ablation:

  1. Radiofrequency ablation: It uses heat energy to eliminate the problem area.
  2. Cryoablation: It uses extremely cold temperatures to destroy the cardiac tissue. The type of procedure you will undergo depends on what kind of abnormal heart rhythm you have.

Cardiac ablation is conducted at a hospital by trained staff. You will be given a sedative before the procedure to help you relax. A small and flexible tube will be inserted through a cut into one of the blood vessels in the area. The doctor will use live X-ray images to carefully guide the catheter up into your heart. Sometimes, more than one catheter is needed to perform the procedure.

Why is cardiac ablation performed?

Cardiac ablation is used to treat certain heart rhythm problems that medicines cannot treat or control. These problems may be dangerous if they are not treated. Common symptoms of heart rhythm problems may include chest pain, fainting, slow or fast heartbeat, light-headedness, dizziness, and paleness, shortness of breath, skipping beats, and sweating.

Risks associated with cardiac ablation: Cardiac ablation carries a risk of complications, including the following:

  • Bleeding or infection at the site where your catheter was inserted.
  • Damage to your blood vessels where the catheter may have scraped as it traveled to your heart.
  • A puncture in the cardiac wall.
  • Damage to your heart valves.
  • Damage to your heart’s electrical system, which could worsen your heart rhythm and a pacemaker may be required to correct it.
  • Blood clots in your legs or lungs.
  • Stroke or heart attack.
  • Narrowing of the veins that carry blood between your lungs and heart.
  • Damage to your kidneys from the dye used during the procedure.
  • Death, in rare cases.

Results of cardiac ablation: Although a single cardiac ablation can be successful, some people required repeated intervention. Your doctor will tell if you need any other procedure such as pacemaker implantation to treat complex heart rhythm problems. You may also need to take medications, even after you have had an ablation. Some lifestyle changes need to be made that improve the overall health of your heart, especially to prevent or treat conditions that can cause or worsen heart rhythms, such as high blood pressure. Your doctor may advise you to use less salt, which can help lower blood pressure, increase your physical activity, quit smoking, avoid drinking alcohol, eat heart-healthy foods, maintain a healthy weight, and manage strong emotions such as anger.

Follow your doctor’s instructions about wound care, medications, physical activity, and follow-up appointments. Some people may still have episodes of an irregular heartbeat after cardiac ablation. This is a normal reaction as the tissue heals and should go away with time.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5300 people found this helpful

Endometrial Ablation - Procedure And Recovery

Dr. Sumati Saxena 90% (16 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Allahabad
Endometrial Ablation - Procedure And Recovery

The menstrual period is a tough time for every woman. But some suffer from heavy bleeding, bleeding between the menstrual cycles or a prolonged period of bleeding due to hormonal changes or other conditions such as fibroids and polyps. In such cases, Endometrial Ablation would be recommended.

It is a medical process that helps to remove the thin layers that line the uterus. Endometrial ablation is not performed surgically. This ensures that woman stays clear of any cuts or incisions on their body when they undergo the process.

What is the endometrial ablation process like?
The Endometrial Ablation process involves the use of thin tools to penetrate the uterus through the vagina. One common tool is the hydrothermal process, wherein fluids are gently pumped into the uterus after which the fluids are heated. Within a span of ten minutes, the heated fluid destroys the lining of the uterus. The balloon therapy is another Endometrial Ablation tool used these days. A thin tube that features a special balloon at its end is inserted into the uterus. Heated fluid will then fill up the balloon, which in turn expands and destroys the entire lining of the uterus.

Sometimes special wands are used that apply microwave energy into the uterus to destroy the tissue lining. At times, a freezing method is also used. It is known as cryoablation by which a cold tip freezes the tissue lining of the uterus very quickly.

Are there any risks involved with a procedure like endometrial ablation?

Endometrial Ablation is quite a safe medical procedure to undergo. However, there does remain a minuscule chance of contracting an infection or suffering from heavy bleeding while undergoing this procedure. The tools used by doctors for ablation may damage or burn organs in the uterus, but the chances of such an incident remain rare.

 

How do you recover after endometrial ablation?
Women that undergo this medical process do not take a long time to heal. They are advised to return to their normal routine within just one week. They may suffer from bleeding and cramps for a few days. Following the process, they may experience a bloody or watery discharge for up to three weeks. Other sensations may include a desire to urinate now and then. These happen within the first twenty-four hours of undergoing the procedure. Complaints of nausea are also common. Further to this procedure, women can ingest pain medication to speed the recovery process. They are advised against lifting heavy objects. Doctors and health professionals may prohibit women from engaging in sexual activities, using tampons, douches, etc.

Endometrial Ablation remains a relatively risk-free procedure that can be undertaken to deal with menstrual cramps and recurrent instances of vaginal bleeding and avail the much-needed relief. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2483 people found this helpful

My mother had operated (hysterectomy with bilateral salphingo oophorectomy) for ovarian tumour. They now staged it as stage 3c. She had mild ascitis & peritoneal involvement also. Doctors suggested chemotherapy. Is there any chance of recurrence after chemotherapy?

BHMS
Homeopath,
See dear for cancer there is no curable medicines still we have to operate or have a chemotherapy as a options but the metas will recurrence any where in body such as in brain lungs or in liver. Only supportive therapy an increase of lifespan at certain years. When it will recurrence will be there no one can predict the time. Where recurrence will be there no one can predict. It will be known only after pet scan.
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Menstrual Pain Relief Offered Through Endometrial Ablation

Dr. Manju Aggarwal 93% (335 ratings)
MBBS , DGO , FIMAS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Menstrual Pain Relief Offered Through Endometrial Ablation

Slight discomfort and pain is normally associated with every woman's monthly menstrual cycle. However, for some women, this discomfort can restrict their normal activities and put them in a lot of pain. This is often accompanied by heavy menstrual bleeding. Medication is usually the first line of treatment for heavy periods, but if this is not effective surgical options may need to be looked at. Amongst the surgical ways to deal with painful menstruation and heavy bleeding is a procedure known as endometrial ablation.

Endometrial ablation is a surgical procedure that removes the lining of the uterus or endometrium. The procedure is usually performed under spinal or local anesthesia and takes less than a hour. In some cases, the patient may need to go under general anesthesia. This surgery is often performed as an outpatient procedure. This can be performed in a number of ways. Some of the common forms of endometrial ablation are:

  1. Laser ablation
  2. Heat ablation using either heated saline or radio frequency
  3. Electric removal of uterine lining
  4. Freezing
  5. Microwave removal

Though the procedure is performed as an outpatient procedure, it can take up to 2 weeks for complete recovery. The woman may notice watery discharge for a day or two accompanied by cramps and nausea. However, after such a procedure, most women do not have a period for the next few months. While this may stop menstrual bleeding completely for older women, younger women should see reduced menstrual bleeding, but may also need a repeat procedure later.

Though many women can conceive after such a procedure, endometrial ablation is usually not recommended for women who intend on having children later. It is usually suggested as an alternative to a hysterectomy. It is also not recommended to women who have a high risk of developing endometrial cancer. An endometrial ablation can be performed if the woman suffers from minor fibroids, but is avoidable if the woman suffers from large fibroids. A vaginal or pelvic infection of any kind will also prevent a woman from undergoing this procedure.

Like any other procedure, this one is associated with a number of certain risks as well, such as

  1. Infection and bleeding
  2. Rupturing the uterine wall or bowel walls
  3. Excessive fluid in the bloodstream

Thus in order to reduce the risks associated, utmost care must be taken, both by doctor and patient and in case of any bleeding that lasts longer than two days should be immediately brought to your doctor's notice.

3822 people found this helpful

Ovarian Cysts - How To Treat It?

Dr. Purnima Jain 90% (15 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Ovarian Cysts - How To Treat It?

All women have two ovaries located on either side of the uterus. They are fundamental for the process of child birth. However ovarian cysts have emerged as major problems which most women suffer from. In this, small pockets filled with fluids develop on the surface or within the ovaries. Though they are generally harmless, often times disappearing without any treatment, they do have the potential to create complications during child birth. Treatment of ovarian cysts depends on the size and the quantity of the cysts. 


Some of the treatments available are-

1. Patience and a careful watch
In case medical examinations reveal tiny cysts, patience can be the key word. If you did not suffer from perceptible symptoms and the cysts were revealed only through tests, you must follow it with regular visits to the doctor. Few medications and regular ultrasound examinations are all you need in such a case.

2. Contraceptives
Birth control pills or contraceptives may be sometimes prescribed to you as possible medications to treat the cysts. Regular administering of these medicines deters the possibility of further development of cysts.  They also benefit greatly in reducing the possibilities of suffering from ovarian cancer in the future.

3. Operations
In case the tests reveal large cysts, operations or surgical removal of them may be the only possible solution.  Operations are generally suggested if the cysts have persisted for a long time and are accompanied by terrible pain in the lower abdomen.

4. Ovarian cystectomy 
This is performed when the ovaries are kept intact and only the cysts are carefully removed.

5. Oophorectomy
In this form of surgery, only the ovary that is affected with the cysts is removed, while the other is kept intact. Both the ovaries might also have to be surgically removed if they are found to be affected.

6. Hysterectomy and subsequent removal of fallopian tubes and uterus
This is done when the cysts developed have the potential of becoming cancer us. In such a situation, an extreme measure is adopted with the complete removal of the ovaries along with the uterus and fallopian tubes. This is done in order to prevent the subsequent spreading of cancer. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

4103 people found this helpful

Treating ovarian cysts

Dr. Sushma Dikhit 88% (29 ratings)
Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (MRCOG), MS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Treating ovarian cysts

All women have two ovaries located on either side of the uterus. They are fundamental for the process of child birth. However ovarian cysts have emerged as major problems which most women suffer from. In this, small pockets filled with fluids develop on the surface or within the ovaries. Though they are generally harmless, often times disappearing without any treatment, they do have the potential to create complications during child birth. Treatment of ovarian cysts depends on the size and the quantity of the cysts. 


Some of the treatments available are-

1. Patience and a careful watch
In case medical examinations reveal tiny cysts, patience can be the key word. If you did not suffer from perceptible symptoms and the cysts were revealed only through tests, you must follow it with regular visits to the doctor. Few medications and regular ultrasound examinations are all you need in such a case.

2. Contraceptives
Birth control pills or contraceptives may be sometimes prescribed to you as possible medications to treat the cysts. Regular administering of these medicines deters the possibility of further development of cysts.  They also benefit greatly in reducing the possibilities of suffering from ovarian cancer in the future.

3. Operations
In case the tests reveal large cysts, operations or surgical removal of them may be the only possible solution.  Operations are generally suggested if the cysts have persisted for a long time and are accompanied by terrible pain in the lower abdomen.

4. Ovarian cystectomy 
This is performed when the ovaries are kept intact and only the cysts are carefully removed.

5. Oophorectomy
In this form of surgery, only the ovary that is affected with the cysts is removed, while the other is kept intact. Both the ovaries might also have to be surgically removed if they are found to be affected.

6. Hysterectomy and subsequent removal of fallopian tubes and uterus
This is done when the cysts developed have the potential of becoming cancer us. In such a situation, an extreme measure is adopted with the complete removal of the ovaries along with the uterus and fallopian tubes. This is done in order to prevent the subsequent spreading of cancer. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

2564 people found this helpful

6 Ways To Treat Ovarian Cysts!

Dr. Bhavini Shah Balakrishnan 92% (230 ratings)
DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), DGO
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
6 Ways To Treat Ovarian Cysts!

All women have two ovaries located on either side of the uterus. They are fundamental for the process of child birth. However ovarian cysts have emerged as major problems which most women suffer from. In this, small pockets filled with fluids develop on the surface or within the ovaries. Though they are generally harmless, often times disappearing without any treatment, they do have the potential to create complications during child birth. Treatment of ovarian cysts depends on the size and the quantity of the cysts. 


Some of the treatments available are-

1. Patience and a careful watch
In case medical examinations reveal tiny cysts, patience can be the key word. If you did not suffer from perceptible symptoms and the cysts were revealed only through tests, you must follow it with regular visits to the doctor. Few medications and regular ultrasound examinations are all you need in such a case.

2. Contraceptives
Birth control pills or contraceptives may be sometimes prescribed to you as possible medications to treat the cysts. Regular administering of these medicines deters the possibility of further development of cysts.  They also benefit greatly in reducing the possibilities of suffering from ovarian cancer in the future.

3. Operations
In case the tests reveal large cysts, operations or surgical removal of them may be the only possible solution.  Operations are generally suggested if the cysts have persisted for a long time and are accompanied by terrible pain in the lower abdomen.

4. Ovarian cystectomy 
This is performed when the ovaries are kept intact and only the cysts are carefully removed.

5. Oophorectomy
In this form of surgery, only the ovary that is affected with the cysts is removed, while the other is kept intact. Both the ovaries might also have to be surgically removed if they are found to be affected.

6. Hysterectomy and subsequent removal of fallopian tubes and uterus
This is done when the cysts developed have the potential of becoming cancer us. In such a situation, an extreme measure is adopted with the complete removal of the ovaries along with the uterus and fallopian tubes. This is done in order to prevent the subsequent spreading of cancer. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3712 people found this helpful

All About Ovarian Cancer

Dr. Prashant Mehta 91% (32 ratings)
European Society For Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS, Fellowship in Bone Marrow Transplant
Oncologist, Faridabad
All About Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is referred to as the cancer of the ovaries. The ovaries are a component of the female reproductive system. There are two ovaries located on either side of the uterus in a woman's body. Ovaries which are the organs responsible for producing egg cells also produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer which often goes undetected until it has spread all the way to the pelvis and the abdomen. However, it is also very difficult to treat the condition in its later stages which is why diagnosing ovarian cancer quickly is quintessential. Here is everything you need to know about ovarian cancer;

Symptoms:

  1. No symptoms at first: Usually, in its early stages ovarian cancer does not cause any symptoms.
  2. Abnormal bloating: Bloating is when your abdomen swells due to excess fluid or gas inside. Abnormal bloating is more frequently associated with irritable bowel syndrome or even constipation is a common symptom of ovarian cancer.
  3. Feeling full quickly: This is also an associated symptom which has often been mistaken for constipation or irritable bowel syndrome.
  4. Weight loss: This is one of the more common signs of ovarian cancer.
  5. Discomfort in the pelvis area: This symptom occurs towards the later stages of ovarian cancer after it has already spread.
  6. Constipation: Constipation is a symptom of ovarian cancer as well.
  7. Frequent urination: This is yet another symptom which is a sign of ovarian cancer.

The symptoms of ovarian cancer are often mistaken with that of irritable bowel syndrome and constipation.

Causes: As with other forms of cancer, it is still very unclear what exactly causes ovarian cancer.

Treatment:

  1. SurgerySurgery most commonly involves removing large parts of the female reproductive system which includes the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus as well as the lymph nodes. The surgeon will also try and remove as many cancer cells as possible from the abdomen and pelvic areas.
  2. ChemotherapyChemotherapy is usually done after surgery. It is usually performed so that the rest of the cancer cells are killed off. Chemotherapy drugs can be injected directly into the vein, abdominal cavity or sometimes even both.
3293 people found this helpful

Ovarian Cancer

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 88% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Ovarian Cancer

Cancer ovarian resemble in shape, size with an almond are situated in the pelvic region one on either side of uterus, behind below the fallopian tubes. There are three types of ovarian cancer epithelial, germ cell  found in thre ovarian structute. Epithelial cancer can spread to the other ovary, pelvis abdomen but cancer affects the younger women is not so common.

Symptoms

  • Abdomen of distension digestive troubles gas. Sometimes fluid collects in the abdomen and there is abnormal vaginal bleeding. Frequent urgent urination. Menstrual disorders pain during intercourse.
  •  Child birth, oral contraceptives, family history, breast cancer, colon cancer are usual causes of ovarian cancer.
  •  X - rays, ultrasound scan blood tests are employed to detect its presence

 Surgery

  • A diet rich in fruits vegetables can decrease the risk of ovarian cancer.
  • Symptoms/sigs/history other base homeopathy treatment.
  • Alumen 30, baryta iod 3x, lachesis 2c, oophorinum 3x other medicine.
2 people found this helpful
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