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Occupational Therapy Health Feed

Occupational Therapy For Children - What All Should You Know

Dr. Iram Parveen 92% (776 ratings)
Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT), Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
Occupational Therapist, Delhi
Occupational Therapy For Children - What All Should You Know

The human brain develops astonishingly during the first three years of life. Compared to the rest of the life, the initial three years are crucial to acquire a majority of social and cognitive skills. The brain evolves during this phase immensely. However, the development milestones are not crossed by all the kids in the same manner. In a few kids, the advancement is delayed, and the progress does not happen as desired. For optimal development, such children need additional support. This is where occupational therapy comes into the picture. Yes, this therapy is not related to adults alone and can do wonders for kids. This therapy helps such children to overcome the barriers and lead a normal life gradually.

  1. Trains to do the daily chores: Occupational therapy for kids can be used for a wide range of diseases and disorders. The major benefit the children can enjoy from occupational therapy is the ability to do the daily chores without depending on the adults. Self-help skills are improved in children. Any child who undergoes this therapy can soon start writing and drawing with ease.
  2. Dealing with a specific condition: A few kids are oversensitive, and a few are less sensitive. The organs related to the five senses send the details to the brain, and the brain interprets the signals to respond. This interpretation does not happen properly in such kids. As a result, they are not able to pay attention at school or home. This difficulty in paying attention often distracts them. This can be serious than you think. It is not only their studies that get affected but also the fact that they would not react to the fire alarm, and cannot mingle with the children of same age group. Occupational therapy helps them to stay focused. Regain of skills is possible with this therapy. Cerebral palsy is another area where the intervention of occupational therapy is essential. This is a scenario where the disorder restricts the child to a wheelchair. Moving the wheelchair, taking lunch, opening or closing closets, and other simple daily chores are taught to the kids by an occupational therapist. Management of muscular dystrophy and other disorders that restrict movement and affects the lifestyle of children may also need a therapist for training purposes.
  3. A package of methods and plans: Kids who suffer from autism and Sensory Processing Disorder have limited skills in playing and observing. The occupational therapist observes the pattern and finds where the skills need to be honed. The practitioner comes up with specific methods to train the children. It has to be understood that there is no single program and a practitioner really considers a lot of things and put together a variety of methods. The set of activities devised help with interaction, awareness, and coordination skills in these kids.

When you take the kids to an occupational therapist, he or she observes the kid. The apt plan or method to improve the skills or to train the kid to do a specific set of daily chores is devised based on the kid's condition. The age group of the kid, too, plays a vital role in designing the therapy. The therapy can be conducted in a hospital, school, home, or a specialized care center.

1 person found this helpful

How Occupational Therapy Can Help In Case Of Trauma?

Dr. R K Lohiya 88% (10 ratings)
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT), Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT)
Occupational Therapist, Gurgaon
How Occupational Therapy Can Help In Case Of Trauma?

How occupational therapy can help in case of a trauma

Trauma can lead to a lot of changes in the your personality, way of thinking, behaviour and communication skills as well. It’s very common in children.But in order to recover or get better, you will need the expertise and the guidance of an occupational therapist. They will help your child to relearn whatever skill they want to, make them take part in things they like to do in order to keep themselves busy,make them more independent than ever so that they can take part in different types of activities.Your child will be under the observation and they will take a note of your child’s strength and weaknesses. You must be having a lot of questions in your mind, so let’s find out more about the occupational therapists.

Where will they see your child?

If you take your child to a trauma centre,your kid will be either at the paediatric intensive care unit or any general ward.There are some cases where your child might be referred to the local services which would be very close to home or the school.

What will your occupational therapist do when you’re in the hospital?

Firstly, an OT will talk to you about your daily life and how you are following the injury.They might even ask you about your home and different stuff related to it.They might ask you about the number of steps to your bathroom or Living room and various other basic questions.The purpose of this is to make a note in how you are going to get around in your own house after the process.There have been cases where the OT even might visit your house in order to provide you his valuable advise.In order to make the daily activities easier you might be given some equipments in order to raise your confidence and to make your activities easier.

What is occupational therapy all about?

The different types of activities that you might have to perform when you’re at the hospital are as follows:

- You’ll be given equipments to make your life easier and to gain confidence.
- You might be prescribed to use a wheelchair in order to make your daily life easier.
- Talking about your daily life which consists of basic things which are very important to you.
- Proper therapy in order to get over the trauma and to improve.

The time taken for recovery is different for each and everyone. It will take a longer period of time for a brain injury but in some cases all it might take is just a couple of weeks. What we should always keep in our mind is that intervention and a regular therapy session is very much important and will make a difference in the process of healing or recovery. The main aim of the operational therapist is to make sure that you do the normal things which you do regularly as safe and quickly as possible and to recover from the trauma to be perfectly fit and fine, both from the inside and the outside.
 

Cerebral Palsy And Occupational Therapy

Dr. R K Lohiya 88% (10 ratings)
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT), Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT)
Occupational Therapist, Gurgaon
Cerebral Palsy And Occupational Therapy

Cerebral palsy and occupational therapy

In order to recover the skills that are required for leading an independent and a satisfying life after any injury or disease, an occupational therapist is required. The word occupation refers to the tasks which one has to perform everyday not to one’s profession. Muscle and joint coordination issues can be fixed with the help of occupational therapy in case if kids .These include the daily activities like eating, brushing using the toilet. With the help of OT your cognitive and social abilities and even your motor skills will improve at a very good rate.

How is this beneficial for children with cerebral palsy?

Occupational therapy will be helpful to the children who are specially suffering from cerebral palsy. These benefits includes:

- It will increase the chances of making your child more independent.
- It will boost their ability to play as well as to learn.
- The self esteem and the confidence of your child will readily increase.
- They’ll have a sense of accomplishment.
- Their quality of life will improve as well.
- This is also beneficial for the parents as well. It will reduce your stress and will provide you with a sense of security.

What to expect?

Occupational therapy is different for different children who have cerebral palsy. It depends on one’s physical, intellectual and social emotional abilities .The first session is basically done for evaluation where your child’s fine motor and will be observed how your child responds to touch or any kind of movement. The parents are also interviewed in order to find out about the strengths and the weaknesses of your child. For children with cerebral palsy, a revaluation should be done in every 7-8 months in order to see the progress and change the treatment plan accordingly as per the improvement .The operational therapist will use some specific techniques which will help your child to improve very quickly and reach their destination.

These techniques are :

Paediatric constraint induced Movement therapy: This therapy helps your child to move the weaker parts of the body by restraining the stronger counterpart. If you child has a difficulty in moving one of the arms then the stronger arm will be restrained and the weaker arm will be trained in order to gain the strength.

Sensory integration therapy: This type of therapy will help your child to improve the ability bro receive , interpret and act on the information and situations that comes in your child’s brain with the help of sensory receptors .

Occupational therapy has been a very important part in improving the physical and the mental discomfort faced by your child when he or she is suffering from cerebral palsy. The therapist may even provide your child with some gadgets in order to make his /her daily life easier and more independent. This helps your child to improve and gradually get better at it without any sort of negativity. While you’re looking for a OT make sure the person has enough experience and knowledge, just to ensure that your child gets the right treatment.

 

4247 people found this helpful

De-Addiction - How It Can Be Achieved?

Dr. Shreyas Pendharkar 92% (457 ratings)
MD-Psychiatry, MBBS, Certificate in Medical Neuroscience
Psychiatrist, Akola
De-Addiction - How It Can Be Achieved?

Addiction is the absolute dependency on a particular substance or situation. Substance addiction includes a variety of substances apart from alcohol and drugs. Examples include porn, food, chocolate, nicotine, etc. Situation addiction includes gambling, shopping and sex among others. The problem in our society with addiction is it is treated like a choice than as a major problem faced by an individual. De-addiction is the process of ridding the individual of his dependence on certain substances or activities.

Process

  1. Rehabilitation psychology studies the process of de-addiction and helps addicts blend with the normal lifestyle. Rehab centers offer several forms of therapy to reduce substance usage.
  2. Group therapy is always the go to form of therapeutic technique to deal with cases of addiction owing to the common feeling among users that people who aren’t addicted and do not know what they’re going through. In those cases, it is rather important to have support from a group of people who are exactly where they are.
  3. Family therapy is also essential to make the individual know how their loved ones feel and also remind them of the unconditional support. Some rehab centers also use the horse therapy (focuses on interaction with horses which facilitates emotional and occupational development in patients) which is rather interesting to witness.
  4. In addition to therapy, rehab centers teach life skills and cooperation. Apart from all this, drugs are also prescribed to deal with addiction along with the weekly scheduled personal therapy sessions.

Although an unfamiliar concept in India, halfway homes are the next step after the rehab. The individuals learn different skills and ways to manage themselves outside the house while still continuing their therapy. This is done to make sure one doesn’t relapse right after the rehabilitation has been completed. Most rehabs also suggest support group meetings. Even otherwise support groups are extremely effective in the de-addiction process. ‘Alcoholics Anonymous’ and ‘Narcotics Anonymous’ are two of the most widely managed support groups around the world.

Addiction is an immense issue which has spiraled out of control in today’s times. However, it is necessary to understand it isn’t the question of the individual’s morality. The removal of labels and stigma is essential in the entire process. Support from loved ones is an extremely important step towards de-addiction, right after the acceptance that one is addicted. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2781 people found this helpful

Occupational Therapy Versus Physical Therapy - Know Everything!

Dr. Iram Parveen 92% (776 ratings)
Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT), Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
Occupational Therapist, Delhi
Occupational Therapy Versus Physical Therapy - Know Everything!

People get confused between occupational therapy and physical therapy, and often consider them to be synonymous. Substantial differences set them apart, and there are certain overlaps too. Get an idea of what these therapies are about and find why they are different.

Occupational Therapy: Occupational therapy is all about improving the functional abilities of the individual. It concentrates on evaluating the skill set to be honed. If you think that an occupational therapist only treats the inability or injury of an individual like what a physical therapist does with manual therapy or similar techniques, then you are wrong. The occupational practitioner does not work like a physical therapist. The practitioner works to restore independence and self-ability to take care of the daily chores. The abilities and independence may get affected as a result of a disorder or injury. A physical impairment may restrict an individual in a wheelchair. An occupational therapist, in such cases, helps the affected to operate the wheelchair and do some chores while using the same.

Now, if you think occupational therapists never treat any injury, again you miss the significant information. In a few countries, they use ultrasound and other techniques to treat the injuries just like a physical therapist. An occupational therapist often evaluates the scenario. For this, he visits the home and work environment, and offer suggestions to help the affected to work with ease. The practitioner also helps in using the correct assisting equipment to augment the independence of the affected individual.

Physical Therapy: The movement dysfunctions are assessed and treated by a physical therapist. The physical therapist deals with the treatment of the injured tissues and joints. The injuries are treated by the therapist, and the spruce of the injury is also treated. For instance, pain management in case of spondylitis is taken care of by physical therapy. Also, the practitioner suggests exercises that help in improving the flexibility of the tissues, which is the root cause of the problem.

Both a physical therapist and an occupational therapist are knowledgeable in musculoskeletal disorders, and educate people on dealing with injuries and preventing injuries. The difference of focus is what that causes the overlap. The healing process is, however, the goal of both. Compared with a general physician, they play a vital role in rehabilitation. There are specific conditions where both practitioners are involved in full recovery.

Occupational therapists have an additional role apart from dealing with any physical injury. They suggest adaptive measures to cope with the disorder and still live an independent life. Memory loss and cognitive issues need the aid of physical therapy. Physical therapists need a three years doctorate program, and occupational therapists need two years master’s degree to practice. Both the therapies are integral when it comes to restorative health. The therapies help in ensuring the patients reaching the full potential. A patient might require both together, or one after another. But you cannot reach them directly for any health issues. Check with your general physician and find who can help you better to recover.

Occupational Therapy In Mental Health - Everything You Need To Know!

Dr. Iram Parveen 92% (776 ratings)
Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT), Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
Occupational Therapist, Delhi
Occupational Therapy In Mental Health - Everything You Need To Know!

The occupational therapy aims at ensuring that individuals have a productive and satiating life. In children, occupational therapy helps in mastering skills, recover, and carry out daily chores without depending on adults. Apart from these, there are other benefits of occupational therapy. Fortunately, they can be measured, and have a practical approach. When children find it difficult to take bath, eat, or do any other daily living chores themselves, occupational therapy helps them to overcome the barriers. But occupational therapists also do more than taking care of physical health. They also help in taking care of mental health.

What can be expected: Grief adjustment, emotion handling, stress management, and parenting can be challenging for many people. Anxiety can slowly turn into depression. The relationship between the individuals determines their mental health and performance. This is rightly understood by occupational therapy. The needs of the individual are approached with the context of his or her family and environment by an occupational therapist. The mental health approach suggested by occupational therapy is client-centered, and this is why it can produce admirable results. The approach is practical and client-specific. The therapist considers a lot of methods and plans for delivering result in case of each patient. There is no one size fits all approach in occupational therapy.

How a therapist works: As the first step, the practitioner speaks with the client and the family to find out what activity is most important, for the personal and family life. Then the practitioner suggests how one can create goals. Short-term goals help one to stay focused and motivated towards the process. Long-term goals help in achieving success. The therapist helps in sorting this out. The mental illness of the client is observed by the therapist, and a lot of time is spent on this process. The therapist also teaches lots of practical ways to come over the mental illness, and a wide range of relaxation techniques are taught. The client can choose what best fits him or her.

Substance abuse and other unhealthy activities are slowly replaced with healthy activities with the help of the occupational therapists. The mind of such patients is diverted towards healthy activities. Skills, interests, strengths, and weaknesses of the client are analyzed by the therapist, and wherever required, modifications are suggested by the practitioner. Skill training with the help of peers is carried out, and apt employment opportunities are suggested. An idle mind is Satan’s workshop and a therapist, hence, emphasizes on a practical way to find a suitable employment opportunity. Also, he may give ideas on the environment of the workplace, even at the beginning, thus preparing the client. Balancing emotions can actually help a lot of people, and these therapists aid to structure lives and balance whatever the client wants.

Occupational therapists can help students to stay strong against peer pressure. They can help adults to stay content with their job, help jobless to stay focused and hone skills while preparing for the upcoming opportunities, and patients who are on the recovery mode to understand the recovery process and stay strong. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3399 people found this helpful

Occupational Therapy - The Many Benefits Of It!

Dr. Iram Parveen 92% (776 ratings)
Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT), Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
Occupational Therapist, Delhi
Occupational Therapy - The Many Benefits Of It!

Many people know how occupational therapy helps. In kids, it can help in improving skills, and in adults, this therapy helps in regaining the skills and managing daily living chores independently. A few may think occupational therapy is same as physical therapy. To own the truth, the former has a lot to do with the mental health along with the physical health. Physically impaired, stroke survivors, injured, kids with autism and those who lack focus are all benefited by occupational therapy. Find here a few key benefits of occupational therapy listed.

  1. Safety issues are overcome: It helps prevent the fall. In elders and people who are recovering from injury and stroke, falling off is a hazard. Occupational therapy teaches them to prevent from falling off and stay safe. Exercises that help in muscle building and balancing are taught by the practitioner. In fact, for many people who are receiving occupational therapy, their own home can be dangerous. Safety equipment should be used by these people throughout the house. Only an occupational therapist can help you in this scenario. Grab bars, walk-in bathtubs, handrails, and other safety devices are suggested to be installed in the different corners of your home by the occupational therapist.
  2. Staying independent is made possible: It is not easy to stay independent as you age. Educating seniors to stay independent while facing the physical and emotional challenges caused by an ailment is made possible through occupational therapy. Improving the abilities of the affected is also taken care of. Seniors are taught to age gracefully by the occupational therapist, who also teach to cope with other members and caregivers. Occupational therapy helps in relieving the stress of the caregiver substantially. The family of the affected can feel it easy to decide on offering everyday care needs, and the same can be done in a better way when a therapist helps the affected patient manage daily chores independently. Caregivers find it easy to take care of people who can manage every day chores such as bathing and eating by themselves.
  3. Mental health is restored: Recovery can be slow in patients after a surgery. At times, the patient may be disabled during the recovery period. The occupational therapist can help such individuals lead a normal life. Doing daily activates with restricted movements is also possible. For dementia patients, life is made more pleasing by occupational therapy. While it has to be understood that the progression of dementia is not stopped with this therapy, an occupational therapist makes suggestions related to food, music, and everyday stretching to make life simple and sweet.

Yes, occupational therapy does focus on improving health. Most people do not know this and consider that this therapy aims only at improving the abilities. This therapy helps in reforming their lives. It helps in improving the abilities. It also helps in overcoming the fears. The mental condition also plays a vital role in the recovery process. Occupational therapy also focuses on the mental health, and thankfully it prevents the patient from getting discouraged and helps them to stay on the path of the treatment.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3332 people found this helpful

Sign and Symptoms Your Child Might Be Suffering from ADHD

Dr. Iram Parveen 92% (776 ratings)
Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT), Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
Occupational Therapist, Delhi
Sign and Symptoms Your Child Might Be Suffering from ADHD

If you have noticed your child to be restless and anxious all the time, it might look cute as the child is highly energetic, but it could be a cause for concern at the same time. It is not normal and the child could be having ADHD that is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. As the name suggests, it is a disorder with deficiency of attention and in which the child is always hyperactive.

ADHD is a disorder in which the symptoms usually show up before the age of seven. It is characterized by a group of behavioral symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. The impact of these symptoms is felt extensively where his overall self-esteem is affected, be it at home, preschool or school, academics or extracurricular activities and in interpersonal relationships.

The most common symptoms, which are almost diagnostic of ADHD are:

  1. Inability to hold attention: The child's attention span is very short and it is very difficult to keep them engaged on one particular thing.
  2. Increased restlessness: The child would be extremely restless and gets distracted easily.
  3. Fidgeting: The child would be seen constantly fidgeting with his fingers.

The following are the less common ones:

  1. Learning disability is rare, but can happen. However, the good news is that it does not affect the child's intelligence.
  2. Sleep disorders
  3. Difficulty in following directions
  4. Poor executive functioning skills
  5. Disorganization, which can lead to poor motor coordination and impaired movements
  6. ADHD kids tend to forget things very easily and need help with coordinating movements
  7. The child suffering from ADHD could easily tire and/or feel lethargic with very low energy levels. This can lead to the child procrastinating things and not wanting to do things on priority basis
  8. These children also have difficulties with fine motor and cognitive skills and so there is delay in their overall participation in games.

While these are the pressing symptoms of ADHD, occupational therapy can play a significant role in managing the child in the following ways. As a first step, the caregiver should have a detailed discussion with the school staff and any other people with whom the child interacts significantly. This will help identify areas that need support from an Occupational Therapy, which are the following:

  1. Support with gross and/or fine motor skills
  2. Support with improving handwriting
  3. Support with engaging in playing sports and games
  4. Support in engaging in social activities
  5. Improving sensory processing difficulties
  6. Improving visual perception
  7. Support in adapting to the environment
  8. Teaching strategies to participate in various social and academic activities

So, while an ADHD child is definitely a cause for concern, proper support from family can help manage the condition.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3231 people found this helpful

Occupational Therapy in Psychiatry - Know The Importance

Dr. R K Lohiya 88% (10 ratings)
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT), Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT)
Occupational Therapist, Gurgaon
Occupational Therapy in Psychiatry - Know The Importance

Psychiatric treatment is never in the hands of a single person. Mental health treatment is a collaborative effort between the psychiatrist, occupational therapist, individual and his or her support system. The primary goal of occupational therapy is to engage people in some sort of activity to enhance their ability to lead a meaningful life. This need not be restricted to work but can include simple things like cooking, exercising, painting etc.

To understand what kind of treatment a patient needs, an occupational therapist will first assess the person, their needs and concerns. They understand how an illness or a particular life event can impact a person's ability to perform routine tasks. The counselor and therapist will then work together with the patient to explore possible lifestyle changes and set goals related to this. These changes are centered around the patient's strengths and preferences and take into consideration the occupations that are the most meaningful to the patient. An occupational therapist can then help the patient develop the necessary skills and find ways to make their daily lifestyle easier to handle. Thus, their lives become meaningful and satisfying and they feel a sense of achievement.

Occupational therapists also address social barriers towards the rehabilitation of a person in a community. This is done through interventions that focus on building the patient's existing skill set, creating opportunities for social integration, preventing a relapse and modifying the environment. Some of the barriers it addresses include:

1. Stigma: By providing the patient with an opportunity to master a skill, occupational therapy boosts self confidence. This helps address the stigma against people with mental difficulties being able to form strong interpersonal relationships.

2. Safety: A person suffering from a mental disorder is often understood to not be able to take care of himself. By helping the patient create routines for himself and giving him the confidence to perform daily tasks like cooking etc, he is at a much lower risk of accidents than before.

3. Socioeconomic status: By giving the patient the necessary skill set to hold a job and collaborating with employers and educators, an occupational therapist can help raise a person's socioeconomic status.

Occupational therapy can benefit any person diagnosed with a mental illness or who has recently undergone a traumatic accident. It can also benefit this person's friends and family who form his support system by teaching them how to balance their caregiving with daily responsibilities.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4099 people found this helpful

Injuries - How Occupational Therapy Can Benefit You?

Dr. R K Lohiya 88% (10 ratings)
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT), Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT)
Occupational Therapist, Gurgaon
Injuries - How Occupational Therapy Can Benefit You?

Disabilities can occur due to injuries, infections, or old age. Whatever the reason, the person has limited movement and suffers from pain and stiffness during this period. In addition to surgery and antibiotics, occupational therapy (OT) helps the patient immensely by providing complete rehabilitation and to help recover completely. Many who do not respond well to medications have benefited from occupational therapy and have had complete functional recovery. The occupational therapist helps patients to improve and maintain skills so they can perform their daily chores on their own.

The benefits of occupational therapy are too many and would depend on the setting in which it is used:

  1. In the elderly: With age, general movement is reduced and OT can help improve overall movement and quality of life, thereby enabling them to lead more independent lives.
  2. In mentally disabled: Occupational therapists work with people with emotional and mental limitations and teach them the necessary skills to be able to perform their functions in society. This can even enable them to take up a job and lead healthy, positive relationships.
  3. In physically disabled: OT can help them teach to perform their chores and socialize at school and home. There is a great deal of facilitating age-appropriate social interactions, thereby improving the chances of social acceptance of the affected individual.

No matter what setting Occupational Therapy is used in, the following are definitely some benefits:

  1. Improves range of motion: The person undergoing OT will see better movement of the affected parts, especially in old age where some joints are more involved than others.
  2. Increases mobility in injured or disabled patients: Disability or injury can lead to reduced mobility and OT can significantly improve this.
  3. Helps the body heal naturally: The body is not being subjected to any external chemical, and only natural movements and exercises are done, which is beneficial for the person.
  4. May reduce or eliminate muscle spasms: Pain and disability can lead to reduced mobility, which can cause muscle spasm. OT can help reduce and in some cases completely reverse the muscles spasms that may have set in. Can be supplemented with thermal modalities and treatment to reduce pain: Adding heat packs and moist heat to the regimen will produce better results.
  5. Treatment is customized for the individual: Each person is different with the cause and the effect of disability. The therapist will customize the program based on the person's needs and therefore will benefit the patient.
  6. Can boost self-esteem and promote feeling of well-being: The mere thought of being independent gives a big moral boost to the affected person, thereby improving quality of life.

Occupational therapy forms a part of the holistic regimen and can, therefore be integrated along with physical therapy to reap benefits.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4248 people found this helpful
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