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Non Communicable Disease

Dr. Jagdish Prasad Mehrotra 91% (1704 ratings)
MBBS, D.P.H
General Physician, Gurgaon  •  43 years experience
Non Communicable Disease

NCD's are emerging as a major global problem which can controlled by taking certain measures. It's a non infectious disease resulted from hereditary factors, lifestyle factors (diseases of affluence) e. g. Hypertension, Diabetes, Cardiovascular diseases, Cancer and mental health problems, Asthma, Atherosclerosis allergy. It is responsible for almost 60% of World deaths and constitute 43% of the Global burden of diseases.

If we see Rising Chronic Disease Burdens of following Diseases in India, the data are alarming and requires urgent intervention in policy matter.

Disease

Year 2007

Year 2025

Hypertension

125 Million

214 Million

Diabetes

41 Million

69 Million+

Tobacco

1 Million

2 Million+

Can I prevent CVD? Yes by evaluating overself

Risk Factors Associated With Heart Disease

 

 

 

 

S. No

Risk Factors

High Risk

Low Risk

No Risk

1

Walk(Minimum 35 Minutes)

Nil

3-4 days/week

5-7 days / week

2

Obesity(BMI)

>26

<25

<24

3

Smoking(Tobacco)

>1 / day

1/ day

Nil

4

Yoga

Nil

3 -4 days/ week

5-7 days/week

5

Stress

150%

100%

50%

6

Meditation

Nil

3 -4 days/week

5-7 days/week

7

Zero Oil

70%

90%

100%

8

Vegetarianism

>6 days

<6 days

100%

9

Fruits, Salad and Vegetable Intake

Nil

15%

>50%

10

Milk and Dairy(Double Toned Milk)

>300 ml

300 ml

200 ml

11

Serum Cholesterol

180 ml/dll

150 ml/dll

130 ml/dll

12

Serum Triglycerides

160 ml/dll

130 ml/dll

100 ml/dll

13

HDL

<40 mg/ dll

<50 mg/dll

>60 mg/dll

14

LDL

>190 mg/dll

>130 mg/dll

<100 mg/dll

15

Cholesterol HDL Ratio

>6:1

> 5:1

<4:1

16

BP Systolic/ Diastolic

>140/ >100mm/hg

>130/ >190 mm/hg

120 / 80 mm/hg

17

Blood Sugar Fasting / PP

>110/ >200

<110/ <160

<100/ <140

Regular blood tests are recommended for people who are at higher risk of developing high cholesterol. Routine cholesterol testing may be necessary if you:

  1. Are a man over 40
  2. Are a woman over 50
  3. Are a postmenopausal woman
  4. Have heart disease or have had a stroke
  5. Have diabetes
  6. Have a close relative (mother, father, sister, brother) with heart disease or high cholesterol
  7. Are overweight, physically inactive, smoke and/or drink excessively
  8. Have physical signs of high cholesterol such as fatty deposits on your skin or tendons
  9. Have high blood pressure
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