Muscular Dystrophy is not a single disease but a group of hereditary muscle-destroying disorders. There are more than 30 types of these disorders, vary in their inheritance pattern, rate of progression, initial muscle attacked and age of onset.
The skeletal muscles are the main group of muscles affected by this disorder. The skeletal muscles are used during voluntary body movements. There are progressive weakness and degeneration of these group of muscles.
The disease may occur in adulthood or childhood, but the more severe form tends to occur in early childhood.
It is an inherited disorder, means it is passed down through generations in a family. Many cases occur from spontaneous mutation, that is not found in genes of either of the parent, and this defect can be passed to the next generation.
The day to day activities of the patient is affected. Some of them are
Some types involve heart muscles, causing cardiomyopathy or disturbed heart rhythm (arrhythmias)
The diagnosis is based on the combination of characteristic clinical presentation and the results of a muscle biopsy.
There is no remission in this disease. The severity of the disability depends on the type of muscular dystrophy. Some cases may be mild and progress very slowly over a normal lifespan, while others produce severe muscle weakness and functional disability. All types of Muscular Dystrophy slowly get worse, but how fast this happens varies widely.
It is not an incurable disorder, rather a genetic disorder for which no satisfactory treatment has been found in any system of medicine.
The treatment is aimed at controlling the symptoms.
The progressive loss of muscle mass is primarily responsible for reduced quality and length of life. The drug treatment is based on slowing the process of muscle degeneration and thus improvement of the quality of life. Corticosteroids are known to extend the ability of these patients to walk but have substantial side effects and their mechanism of action is unknown.
Inactivity (such as bed rest and sitting for long periods) can worsen the disease.
Physical therapy, exercises, orthopedic instruments (wheelchairs and standing frames), speech therapy and corrective orthopedic surgeries may help to preserve muscle function and prevent joint contractures.
Occupational therapy may be given as a supportive line of therapy for being self-sufficient to do daily activities (self-care, self-feeding, etc)
Homeopathic treatment helps to slow down the process of muscular degeneration and can work on bringing some symptomatic relief, such as improving muscle power. It is aimed at a better quality life.
Homeopathic medicines are prescribed after the detailed case study consisting of the physical, emotional and genetic makeup of an individual. Homeopathic medicines help to reduce muscle weakness and control disease progression. There are some specific Homeopathic remedies, which help for muscle paralysis and weakness and which have been found effective in the treatment of Muscular Dystrophy. Homeopathic treatment is recommended.