What is diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus occurs when the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood becomes higher than normal. There are two main types of diabetes. These are called type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
This type usually develops quite quickly, over days or weeks, as the pancreas stops making insulin. Type 1 diabetes usually first presents in childhood.
Type 2 diabetes
This is more common in people who are overweight or obese. With type 2 diabetes, illness and symptoms tend to develop gradually (over weeks or months). Type 2 diabetes usually starts in middle-aged or elderly adults but is increasingly being seen in children and in young adults.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The symptoms when you first develop diabetes may include:
How is diabetes diagnosed?
The only way to confirm the diagnosis is to have a blood test to look at the level of glucose in your blood. If this is high then it will confirm that you have diabetes. Some people have to have two samples of blood taken and they may be asked to fast (this means having nothing to eat or drink, other than water, from midnight before the blood test is performed). A different blood test which measures a chemical called HbA1c is now also used to diagnose type 2 diabetes.
How is diabetes treated?
What are the aims of treatment?
Although diabetes cannot be cured, it can be treated successfully. If a high blood glucose level is brought down to a normal or near-normal level, your symptoms will ease and you are likely to feel well again. However, you still have some risk of complications in the long term if your blood glucose level remains even mildly high - even if you have no symptoms in the short term. Studies have shown that people who have better glucose control have fewer complications (such as heart disease or eye problems) compared with those people who have poorer control of their glucose level. Studies have also shown that it is very important to keep blood pressure and blood lipid (cholesterol) levels as normal as possible.
It is important to have regular checks, as some complications, particularly if detected early, can be treated or prevented from becoming worse.
Checking for early signs of complications-
Eye checks - to detect problems with the retina (a possible complication of diabetes) which can often be prevented from getting worse. Increased pressure in the eye (glaucoma) is also more common in people with diabetes and can usually be treated.
Blood tests - these include checks on kidney function and other general tests.
Urine tests - these include testing for protein in the urine, which may indicate early kidney problems.
Foot checks - to help to prevent foot ulcers.
Tests for the sensation in your legs to detect early nerve damage.
Can diabetes be prevented?
There is currently no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes although many studies are looking into a number of different possibilities.
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by following a healthy lifestyle, such as a healthy diet, regular exercise and not being overweight. This is very important for everyone. However, it is particularly important for people who are at increased risk, including those who have pre-diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition wherein the body doesn’t metabolise sugar properly. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, is responsible for carrying the sugar or glucose, from the bloodstream to the individual cells. When the pancreas fails to produce insulin, glucose builds up in your bloodstream and enters your urine.
Homeopathy focuses on the overall health of the individual. Homeopathic medicines for diabetes include:
1. Abroma Augusta: This homeopathic medicine is best for diabetics who have weak muscles, increased appetites and frequent urination.
2. Phosphorus: If symptoms include weak vision, Phosphorus is the best remedy for it.
3. Syzygium Jambolanum: This is one of the best homeopathic remedies for diabetes mellitus. It acts efficiently and promptly in lowering sugar levels.
4. Phosphoric acid: If you feel exhausted or weak all the time, either physically or mentally, then Phosphoric acid is beneficial. Weak memory, forgetfulness and numb feet are also treated with Phosphoric acid.
5. Gymnema Sylvestre: Sometimes, diabetics drastically lose weight and have low energy levels. Gymnema Sylvestre is an excellent remedy for such symptoms.
Sometimes one or more homeopathic medicines may be combined to treat symptoms. Some common combinations include:
1. Lachesis, Arnica, Belladonna and Phosphorus are combined in a treatment to treat retinopathy, which is damage to the eyes caused by diabetes.
2. Serum Anguillae, Arsenic Album and Lycopodium are used together to treat kidney damage (nephropathy) in diabetics.
3. Helonias, Sulphur and Phosphoric acid are taken to deal with neuropathy or nerve problems such as numbness in feet and hands.
4. Syzygium Jambolanum is combined with Secale Cornutum to treat skin ulcers, which is a common problem among diabetics.
5. For people suffering from constipation due to diabetes, Natrum Sulph, Defloratum and Carlsbad are the best medicines.
6. To improve weak memory, Phosphoric acid, Nux Vom and Kali Phos are the best remedies for diabetics.
7. Sometimes diabetics complain of extreme, incapacitating weakness. To improve energy and boost overall health, Carbo Veg, Phosphoric acid, Phosphorus and Arsenic Album are recommended.
Diabetes Mellitus :
Diabetes is a metabolic disease or a condition in which the glucose levels in the blood will be high over a prolonged period
of time. In other words, it can be defined as a condition that occurs when the body cannot efficiently make use
of glucose that serves as a source of energy for body cells. Blood sugar levels are controlled by a hormone called insulin
Causes of Diabetes-
Diabetes is either caused due to the insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas or it may occur if the cells
of the body are not effectively responding to the insulin produced.
Types of Diabetes-
Diabetes is categorized into the following types based on the reason for their cause:
It is the inability of the body to effectively use or respond to the insulin produced by the body and as a result,
blood sugar levels cannot be regulated effectively. Diabetes mellitus is further classified into two types, namely:
Type 1 Diabetes-
It is also known as Diabetes Mellitus Type 1. It occurs when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin.
The consequent lack of insulin causes an increase in glucose level in urine and blood.
Type 2 Diabetes-
It is also called Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. The prime reason for the occurrence of type 2 diabetes is due to obesity and
lack of exercise in people who are genetically biased.
When the body is unable to respond or produce the Antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which is secreted by the hypothalamus,
Diabetes Insipidus occurs. This hormone helps the kidneys manage the amount of water in the human body.
Without this essential hormone, the kidneys pass an abnormally large volume of urine that is insipid
(meaning: odourless and dilute).
This condition occurs in pregnant women who develop high blood sugar level without a previous history.
The condition usually resolves after delivery.
Symptoms of Diabetes-
Signs and Symptoms vary from person to person or even there may be no signs sometimes. First,
let us come up with common symptoms of diabetes.
Many more home remedies available for Diabetes: