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Male Infertility - What Causes It?

Reviewed by
PGDS, MD, DCP, MBBS
Sexologist, Noida  •  51years experience
Male Infertility - What Causes It?

Male infertility is characterized by irregular sperm function or reduced sperm count. There are a host of causes that may lead to infertility in men such as lifestyle choices and obesity.

The various symptoms of infertility in men are:

1. You may experience lumps or swellings in the testicles
2. You may have chronic respiratory problems
3. You may experience low libido
4. You may have ejaculation disorders
5. Impaired sense of smell
6. Chromosomal complications such as reduced body hair
7. Your sperm count may be low

The reasons of infertility may range from medical causes to lifestyle choices; some of the causes may be related to the environment. A common cause of infertility is due to problems with transportation of the sperm. These are mainly due to blockages in the tubes that carry the sperm.

The various reasons for infertility in men are:

1. Infection
Various infections such as inflammation of the testicles and epididymis that causes blockage of the tubes carrying the sperm can be a cause.

2. Varicocele
This condition is characterized by swelling of the veins that are connected to the testicle. This condition is known to change the normal temperature of the testicles, thus leading to complications in sperm production.

3. Hormonal imbalances
Various hormonal problems such as complications of the hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal glands may lead to low testosterone levels in the body. 

4. Problems in sexual intercourse
Problems such as erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation are reasons why you may have infertility. 

5. Medications
Various medications such as using anabolic steroids, antifungal medications and chemotherapy may hamper the production of the sperm and thus reduce your fertility.

6. Radiation exposure
If you have been exposed to radiation such as x-rays, your sperm production may be impaired, thus causing infertility. However, this condition can be reversed if you are no longer exposed to the radiation.

7. Consumption of alcohol and smoking
Both alcohol and cigarettes may cause problems in sperm production, and cause erectile dysfunction. Excessive drinking may lead to complications in the liver resulting in infertility.

8. Obesity
If you are overweight, then it's time to lose those extra kilos. Obesity leads to a number of health problems, one of them being erectile dysfunction.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult a specialist & get answers to your questions!
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