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Kidney Rupture - How To Track It?

Reviewed by
Dr. Amit Goel 89% (39 ratings)
MCh Urology & Kidney Transplant, MS - General Surgery, MBBS, Fellowship in Uro-Oncology & Robotic Surgery
Urologist, Gurgaon  •  18 years experience
Kidney Rupture - How To Track It?

When people suffer from an accident through a high fall or an impact with a blunt object, a blunt abdominal trauma occurs and kidneys are the third most common organs that are impacted by the trauma. Kidney rupture is not much different from a ruptured spleen and it is nothing that cannot be treated.

As you all know, the kidneys are well protected by the ribs and abdominal muscles, but the lower portion of the kidneys are inferior and they are prone to the blunt trauma. Now, if you are not sure whether you have a kidney rupture or not, you should check out for the following symptoms:

  1. HematuriaHematuria is the most common and easily understood symptom of kidney rupture. Hematuria is a condition, wherein, a person has some blood in the urine. Your urine may appear light pink in colour. However, if the injury is severe, the urine may appear red in colour.
  2. Abdominal Pain: An abdominal pain is quite obvious if you have experienced a kidney trauma recently. When you visit a physician for a diagnosis, he will palpate your flank, you may experience some pain and tenderness in the region. The magnitude of the pain depends on how deep is the impact of the injury.
  3. Lower Back PainLower back pain is a common complaint in kidney rupture cases. The kidneys are present around the lower back of your body, so when they rupture, a patient experiences lower back pain.
  4. Bruising: Few people may experience bruising while others may not. This totally depends on the level of injury. If you have a serious injury then bruising in areas like your abdomen or your lower back is very common and usual. Along with the bruising, a swollen area would be seen as well coupled with pain.
  5. Internal Bleeding: In serious cases, people may experience internal bleeding. The worst part is that this cannot be seen until other severe symptoms start to show up. Nausea and vomiting are some of the common symptoms to start with. These may be followed by dizziness and blurred vision. Some people may also experience low blood pressure.
  6. Inability to Urinate: Another common symptom is the inability to urinate. This is because when the kidney are hurt, the excretory system stops functioning properly.
  7. Fever: Fever is another common symptom experienced by a person who has suffered a kidney rupture. It is the body way of telling you that something is not right.

A CT Scan will reveal whether you have a kidney rupture or not. A kidney rupture can be treated either medicinally or through surgery depending on how serious the injury is. So, in case you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, it is best to visit a specialist without any delay.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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