Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Joint Replacement Surgery: Treatment, Cost and Side Effects

What is the Joint Replacement Surgery? How is the Joint Replacement Surgery treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the Joint Replacement Surgery?

Joint Replacement Surgery is performed to remove portions of damaged or arthritic joint and replace them with a plastic, ceramic or metal device known as prosthesis. The prosthesis is devised to replicate healthy joint movement. The most common types of joint replacement surgery are- knee replacement and hip replacement. Knee joint replacement is a surgical procedure to replace an ailing or injured knee with prosthesis. During hip replacement surgery, the arthritic hip joint is replaced with prosthesis. An arthritic joint usually shows the following symptoms- swelling, stiffness, pain that increases when you are active but reduces a little after you rest for a while, a crunching feeling on the bones, tenderness in the hip joint etc. Usually older people who are overweight and physically inactive for a while, suffer from joint pains.

Initially the doctor may prescribe medications and therapy treatments to reduce the joint pain, but if the condition worsens, the ideal treatment choice is a joint replacement surgery. Before the surgery your doctor will first go through your medical history, evaluate the condition, and perform a few physical examinations. An X-ray can show the image of the damaged joint. The doctor will also view your overall health in order to minimize anesthetic risks.

How is the Joint Replacement Surgery treatment done?

Before the surgery your doctor will first go through your medical history, evaluate the condition, and perform a few physical examinations. An X-ray can show the image of the damaged joint. Initially the doctor may prescribe medications and therapy treatments to reduce the joint pain, but if the condition worsens, the ideal treatment choice is a joint replacement surgery. The doctor will also view your overall health in order to minimize anesthetic risks. During a knee replacement surgery the doctor will make an incision in your knee to cut away the damaged bone and cartilage. He will attach the healthy knee joint into the femur which is the strongest bone and longest bone in your body, and tibia which is located in the front lower portion of your leg, using specialized pins, screws and cement. He will then stitch the cut wound to close it and apply bandage. You will be given Intravenous Therapy (IV) with nutrients and fluids during the surgery.

In case of a hip replacement surgery, the doctor makes an incision along the side of the hip and moves the muscles that are connected to the thighbone to uncover the hip joint. Next, the ball portion of the hip joint is removed, and artificial joint is affixed by using specialized pins, screws and cement. The surgeon then removes the damaged cartilage thereby preparing the hipbone surface, and attaches the replaced socket part to the hipbone. The new ball portion of the femur is inserted into the socket part of the hip. A drain may be injected to help filter any fluid. Finally the surgeon will refix the muscles and close the surgical cut. During both the procedures the patient will be sedated with anesthesia to relax the muscles and to prevent you from feeling the pain.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If an individual is suffering from unbearable arthritic pain and symptoms like swelling, stiffness, a crunching feeling on the bones, tenderness in the hip joint etc, then the person is eligible for the treatment. However, the treatment depends largely on many underlying conditions so you will first need to consult a doctor.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If the pain is minor and subsides on its own with the help of medications, then you will not have to undergo a surgery.

Are there any side effects?

Joint replacement surgery can often lead to a few side effects or complications. The most common ones are- bleeding, blood clots in the legs, stiffness in the knee, respiratory problems caused by anesthesia, damage in the nerve tissue, stroke or heart attack.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After a joint replacement surgery, patients need to be careful about not putting too much pressure on the replaced portion. You may try out a few light exercises but refrain from strenuous activities. You will not be able to drive for quite sometime. For minor hip or knee pain problems, individuals can get back to their daily activities with the help of medications. Appropriate exercises are recommended by doctors to stay active.

How long does it take to recover?

It usually takes 3-6 months to recover after a joint replacement surgery. During this period you will need to follow the post treatment guidelines to avoid any risk factors.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Joint replacement surgery in India roughly costs somewhere between Rs.2,00,000 to Rs.3,50,000 depending on the surgical method and the arthritic problem you are suffering from.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are permanent. However, the patients will need to be very careful about not putting too much pressure or exposing the treated portion to an injury. Joint replacement surgery for older people requires lot more care and attention.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Alternative treatment can be Physiotherapy or Ayurvedic therapy. In recent time, Stem Cell therapy is being considered as an alternative for knee replacement surgery.

Popular Questions & Answers

I got right hip replacement (bcoz of AVN) in june 2017. DePuy synthes implant. Pinnacle ceramic on poly uncemented. There is no Pain but still there is no good flexibility and strength. What should I do? And What should I avoid?

It requires regular physiotherapy. I don't have any details about what kind of treatment you received. So won't be able to help much. You should consult a physiotherapist.

Popular Health Tips

Knee Replacement - Is Second Surgery Actually Required?

Knee Replacement - Is Second Surgery Actually Required?
Of all the joints in the body, the knees probably see the maximum wear and tear. In cases of severe osteoarthritis, or injuries which destroy the knee joint, a total knee replacement surgery may be advised. This procedure involves the replacement ...
2688 people found this helpful

Functional & Stable Joint Replacement!

Functional & Stable Joint Replacement!
Joint pains can be a cluttered affair and believe it or not 9 out of the 10 cases have to live with the pain despite all the treatment options aiming to reduce the agony. There may be several instances where you might be coming across the term joi...
3687 people found this helpful

Knee Joint Replacement Surgery!

Knee Joint Replacement Surgery!
Knee is a hinge joint where the lower leg bone tibia meets the thigh bone femur. During osteoarthritis, cartilage or ligament defects and degenerative arthritis, knee replacement surgery is recommended worldwide to get relief from extreme pain. Kn...
2810 people found this helpful

Is Knee Replacement Viable Option For Rheumatoid Arthritis?

You may have reached a ripe age with all the worldly knowledge at your disposal to share with the world. You may have reached a stage where you no longer feel like a learner in important areas of life and could easily be someone who has the experi...
2704 people found this helpful

Knee Replacement - Is It For You or Not?

Knee Replacement - Is It For You or Not?
Knee injuries are the most complex injuries of bone and cartilages. A direct hit can lead to this situation. You may get this injury while doing your daily activities. An activity as simple as walking or a deadly accident can lead to this injury. ...
4738 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
MD - Anaesthesiology,MBBS
Orthopaedics
Play video
Joint Replacement Techniques
Hi, I am Dr. Kunal Makhija, Orthopedist. Aaj mai aap ko techniques mein farak batana chahta hun jo normal surgeons karte hain and hum karte hain. Jab conventional joint replacement karte hain usmein patient ke ghutne ke aage ke muscle ko cut karke...
Play video
Joint Replacement Surgery
Mai Dr Suhas Shah Orthopaedic Surgeon hoon, mera hospital hai Ashwini accident Hospital Mumbai mein. Mere hospital mein sabhi accident patient ko treatment milti hai, aur mai russian surgery specialist bhi hoon. Mai Global Hospital, Jaslok Hospita...
Play video
Frequently Asked Questions Related To Knee Replacement
Hi, I am Dr. Hitesh Kubadia, Orthopedist. I will talk about the queries being asked about knee replacement. Q1: How long my replaced knee lasts? Ans: The knee should last for almost 15-20 years if you are taking good care of it. It also depends on...
Play video
Total Hip Replacement
Hello Friends, Dr. Neelabh, Orthopedist. Aaj me total hip replacement ke bare me baat krunga. India me ye last 25-30 years se ki ja rhi hai. Ye kafi safe surgery hai. Ab is surgery ki jrurat kin logon ko pdti hai. Iske cause hain ankylosing spondy...
Play video
Total Knee Replacement
In total knee replacement, we replace the rollout cartilage with body friendly implant and bone and muscle remain as same. The total knee replacement is a simple procedure in which the patient remains admitted for 7 days in hospital. First day be ...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice