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IVF Process - 4 Steps To Becoming Pregnant!

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Shweta Goswami 90% (88 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Certified IVF Specialist
IVF Specialist, Noida  •  22 years experience
IVF Process - 4 Steps To Becoming Pregnant!

If you have been trying to get pregnant for years without success, then maybe it is time to take help from technology. The IVF technology is a process where the sperm and eggs are fused outside the human body and then inserted into the uterus. Many times, it all about getting the right start and if this process can be accomplished manually by technicians to help you get pregnant, then you should pursue this option aggressively. The process of IVF itself is not complicated but the factors surrounding the problem or issue with the couple can complicate things and therefore the results vary for different people.

The four stages of the process:

  1. Ovulation Induction: Ovulation induction is a procedure that uses medication to increase the number of eggs ovulated per cycle, which may improve the chances of pregnancy. Every patient taking these medications will be monitored closely (during the clinic’s cycle monitoring hours) over a 2 – 3 week period of time, via ultrasounds and blood tests, to determine their response to the treatment.
    This will increase the chances of getting pregnant. 
  2. Egg Retrieval: This is the critical stage when the egg is retrieved. Here, most patients are given pain medication to help with the discomfort. A thin needle is used to retrieve the fluid from the follicles of the upper vaginal wall. A gentle suction is used to accomplish this. The egg is then isolated from the fluid so drawn and this egg is placed in a culture dish along with important nutrients. This is eventually transferred to an incubator,
  3. Fertilization: This is another vital stage as the egg is fused with the sperm in this stage. Here, the sperm from your partner or a donor is used. Generally, the most active sperm is picked and it is fused with the egg in a special chamber. While sometimes it is directly inserted into the egg, at other times it is just mixed in. This is left in an incubator and is constantly monitored to ensure that a healthy embryo develops from this.
  4. Implantation: This is the final stage of the process where the embryo needs to be transferred to the uterus. Here, the best embryo’s or the ones that have the best chance of survival will be picked and transferred through a speculum. A small plastic tube which is placed in the cervix is used to transfer the embryo. Once this process has been completed, generally at least 24 hours of bed rest is advised.

Such a controlled environment can significantly increase your chances of becoming pregnant. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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