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Iud Placement Tips

Intrauterine Device (IUD) - Which Type Is Better For You?

Dr. Ameya S Kanakiya 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DGO, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, CCGDM
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Intrauterine Device (IUD) - Which Type Is Better For You?

If you are thinking of adopting one of the effective birth control measures, you can try an intrauterine device (IUD). An IUD is a small plastic device which is placed in the uterus and it helps in preventing the pregnancy. A plastic string is attached to one end for ensuring proper placement and for removal. An IUD can be removed easily and is a reversible birth control method. There are several advantages and disadvantages of using IUDs.

There are two types of IUDs which are commonly used. They are as follows:

  1. Hormonal IUDs: In case of hormonal IUDs, a small amount of progestin is released into the lining of the uterus. This hormone is similar to the progesterone hormone. This hormone helps in thickening the cervical mucus, thereby, making it difficult for the entry of sperm into the cervix. The growth of the uterine lining is slowed down, which makes fertilised eggs inhospitable.
  2. Copper IUDs: In this form of IUD, a tiny amount of copper gets released into the uterus. Sperm is prevented from entering the egg as they get immobilised on the way to the fallopian tubes. Copper has spermicidal action.

Advantages-

1. It is a good method to have spacing between 2 pregnancies. 
2. You will find it comfortable as there is no hassle of remembering to take a pill daily, and does not interfere in the act of intercourse like a condom does. 
3. It can be inserted immediately after delivery or an abortion

4. It does not interfere with breastfeeding. 
5. Hormonal IUDs have an additional advantage of reducing the blood loss during menstruation. 
6. It is easy to both insert and remove an IUD. 
7. You can use IUDs for many years. 

You just need to replace the IUD once its life (3 years or 5 years depending on the type of IUD) is over. 

Disadvantages- 

1. IUD does not prevent against sexually transmitted diseases or HIV
2. It could be a source of infection in females with multiple sexual partners. 
3. Copper IUDs may cause exessive bleeding or pain in abdomen in some patients for the initial few cycles. 
4. Very very rarely the IUD may perforate the uterus and come to lie in the abdominal cavity. 

Nevertheless an IUD is on of the easiest and cheapest methods of birth control available today. Considering the advantages and disadvantages, you may consult your gynaecologist to decide on the best type of IUD for you. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3950 people found this helpful

Intrauterine Device(IUD) - Should You Be Using It?

Dr. Shruti Bhatia 89% (23 ratings)
DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Intrauterine Device(IUD) - Should You Be Using It?

If you are thinking of adopting one of the effective birth control measures, you can try an intrauterine device (IUD). An IUD is a small plastic device which is placed in the uterus and it helps in preventing the pregnancy. A plastic string is attached to one end for ensuring proper placement and for removal. An IUD can be removed easily and is a reversible birth control method. There are several advantages and disadvantages of using IUDs.

There are two types of IUDs which are commonly used. They are as follows:

  1. Hormonal IUDs: In case of hormonal IUDs, a small amount of progestin is released into the lining of the uterus. This hormone is similar to the progesterone hormone. This hormone helps in thickening the cervical mucus, thereby, making it difficult for the entry of sperm into the cervix. The growth of the uterine lining is slowed down, which makes fertilised eggs inhospitable.
  2. Copper IUDs: In this form of IUD, a tiny amount of copper gets released into the uterus. Sperm is prevented from entering the egg as they get immobilised on the way to the fallopian tubes.

Advantages

  1. Most women who have used this contraceptive device are satisfied with them, according to surveys.
  2. A woman using an IUD is protected from pregnancy totally and no other preventive measures such as taking a pill every day is required.
  3. These devices start working as soon as they are fitted and can easily be removed.
  4. They can be implanted in the uterus four weeks after giving birth to a baby or after an abortion.
  5. Breastfeeding is safe for women using copper IUDs.
  6. Using IUDs enables a woman to smoke cigarettes and high blood pressure is prevented.
  7. Women who use hormonal IUDs experience less blood loss during menstruation and less pain.
  8. IUDs can be used for several years.

Disadvantages

  1. IUDs are quite expensive.
  2. IUDs can only be removed by a health professional.
  3. These devices do not provide protection from any sexually transmitted disease or HIV.
  4. The insertion of IUDs can cause a genital infection in the uterus and lead to pelvic inflammatory diseases.
  5. There are chances of an IUD getting misplaced in the uterus, which may lead to pregnancy and injuries as well. The wall of the uterus may get punctured upon insertion of this device, leading to cramping, backache and excessive uterine bleeding accompanied by pain.

It is important that you must consult a doctor before thinking of getting an IUD fitted. Several screenings and tests need to be carried out before deciding upon the IUD that would work best for you.

2555 people found this helpful

Intrauterine Device(IUD) - Are They Suitable for You?

Dr. Mamta Gill 86% (12 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Chandigarh
Intrauterine Device(IUD) - Are They Suitable for You?

If you are thinking of adopting one of the effective birth control measures, you can try an intrauterine device (IUD). An IUD is a small plastic device which is placed in the uterus and it helps in preventing the pregnancy. A plastic string is attached to one end for ensuring proper placement and for removal. An IUD can be removed easily and is a reversible birth control method. There are several advantages and disadvantages of using IUDs.

There are two types of IUDs which are commonly used. They are as follows:

  1. Hormonal IUDs: In case of hormonal IUDs, a small amount of progestin is released into the lining of the uterus. This hormone is similar to the progesterone hormone. This hormone helps in thickening the cervical mucus, thereby, making it difficult for the entry of sperm into the cervix. The growth of the uterine lining is slowed down, which makes fertilised eggs inhospitable.
  2. Copper IUDs: In this form of IUD, a tiny amount of copper gets released into the uterus. Sperm is prevented from entering the egg as they get immobilised on the way to the fallopian tubes.

Advantages

  1. Most women who have used this contraceptive device are satisfied with them, according to surveys.
  2. A woman using an IUD is protected from pregnancy totally and no other preventive measures such as taking a pill every day is required.
  3. These devices start working as soon as they are fitted and can easily be removed.
  4. They can be implanted in the uterus four weeks after giving birth to a baby or after an abortion.
  5. Breastfeeding is safe for women using copper IUDs.
  6. Using IUDs enables a woman to smoke cigarettes and high blood pressure is prevented.
  7. Women who use hormonal IUDs experience less blood loss during menstruation and less pain.
  8. IUDs can be used for several years.

Disadvantages

  1. IUDs are quite expensive.
  2. IUDs can only be removed by a health professional.
  3. These devices do not provide protection from any sexually transmitted disease or HIV.
  4. The insertion of IUDs can cause a genital infection in the uterus and lead to pelvic inflammatory diseases.
  5. There are chances of an IUD getting misplaced in the uterus, which may lead to pregnancy and injuries as well. The wall of the uterus may get punctured upon insertion of this device, leading to cramping, backache and excessive uterine bleeding accompanied by pain.

It is important that you must consult a doctor before thinking of getting an IUD fitted. Several screenings and tests need to be carried out before deciding upon the IUD that would work best for you. 

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

2387 people found this helpful

Intrauterine Devices: What You Should Know

Dr. Veena G. Shinde 87% (882 ratings)
PG in Assisted Reproductive Technology, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Intrauterine Devices: What You Should Know

Intrauterine devices or IUD are T shaped contraceptive devices. These contain levonorgestrel or copper and are inserted into the uterus. IUDs are considered to be one of the most effective birth control measures and also they are reversible (meaning it can be removed whenever a need arises). The copper IUd has a failure rate of 0.8%, while the levonorgestrel IUD has only had 0.2% failures till now. As per a report in 2007, IUDs are used by more than 180 million users all over the world.

What you should know about Intrauterine devices:

  1. Types of IUDs: There are 2 types of IUDs Copper and Hormone: Copper IUD is considered to be the conventional form of the contraceptive. It is T shaped with strings and is inserted into the uterus by a doctor. It can remain in the body for three to five years. Minera is a known brand of the hormone IUD. It contains low dose of hormone progestin and releases the same when inserted in the uterus. This is also T shaped and has strings. This can be left for three years.
  2. Pelvic infections are not caused by IUDs: There is a belief that IUDs cause pelvic infection but this is not true. The strings of the new IUDs are very thin and they do not cause any pelvic infection even if a person is suffering from a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Though there might be a slight risk of infection when the IUD is inserted and in the first 20 days, but that also dissolves soon.
  3. IUD can be used at any age: Earlier IUDs were not recommended for women who had never got pregnant. However, now anyone can use these irrespective of being pregnant or not. It is very safe for all age groups from teenagers to women involved in active sex to women post menopause.
  4. IUD is as effective as getting a tubal ligation: It is believed that Minera is 99.4% effective while sterilization (tubal ligation) is 99% effective in preventing a pregnancy. Ligation is considered to be a permanent birth control solution, while IUDs can be reversed.
  5. IUDs do not cause infertilityIt was believed that a STI would creep into the pelvis through the string of the IUD and cause infertility but this is not so. Though a STI can cause infertility but the IUD has no role in the same and does not contribute or worsen the infection.
  6. Hormonal IUD have less side effects than birth control pillsBreast tenderness, acne, and bleeding for a short time may persist for the initial 3-4 months in case of hormonal IUDs. The copper IUD lead to cramping and heavy flow during menstruation. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist and ask a free question.
2857 people found this helpful

Intrauterine Devices(IUDs) - Know Its Different Types And Their Uses!

Dr. Veena Vidyasagar 96% (562 ratings)
Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Intrauterine Devices(IUDs) - Know Its Different Types And Their Uses!

An IUD is usually a T-shaped plastic device wrapped in copper. It can also contain hormones. An IUD gets inserted into the uterus, and a plastic string is tied to one end of the IUD that hangs down via cervix, into the vagina. One can feel the IUD in place by feeling the string. The string is also used for the removal of an IUD. 

There are two major types of IUDs: 

Hormonal IUDs 
• This type of IUD releases Levonorgestrel, a progestin hormone. 
• A hormonal IUD is considered to be a little more effective than the other type of IUDs. 
• It usually prevents pregnancy for about five years. 

Copper IUD 
• This is the most common form of IUD in which a copper wire is wrapped around the stem of the IUD. 
• This form of IUD can stay in place for around three, five or ten years (depending upon type) and is considered to be an effective contraception method. Some Copper IUDs are semicircular in shape. 

How IUDs work? 
• Both forms of IUDs prevent the fertilisation by adversely affecting the local environment of uterine cavity and also eggs & sperms. 
• The uterine lining, where the fertilised egg implants itself and grows is also affected. 

Hormonal IUD 
• Hormonal IUDs work by preventing fertilization, which is carried out by adversely affecting sperms and making the mucus present in cervix sticky and thick. 
• This makes it difficult for sperm to reach the uterus. It also helps in keeping the endometrium or uterus lining from growing excessively thick. 

• The hormones present in this IUD reduce menstrual cramping and menstrual bleeding

Copper IUD 
• Copper is toxic for sperms. This type of IUD makes fallopian tubes and uterus produce certain fluids which adversely affect sperms. 
• White blood cells are contained in this fluid along with copper ions, prostaglandins, and enzymes. 

Insertion 
• IUDs can be inserted during any time when you are not pregnant or do not suffer from pelvic infections. However, it is preferable to insert it during or just after the menstrual period. 
• The insertion process of IUDs is simple and does not take much time. Usually, no local anaesthetic is used during the procedure. 
• The insertion of IUDs is easier in women who have delivered normally. 

Mild cramping and some amount of light bleeding or spotting are likely to be expected for a few days after the insertion of an IUD. You should avoid having sex, using tampons, or putting anything in your vagina for at least one day after the procedure. It is advisable for you to visit your doctor from time to time after the insertion procedure.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2553 people found this helpful

5 Signs Indicates You Are Suffering From Bacterial Vaginosis

Dr. Nupur Gupta 91% (280 ratings)
MICOG, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
5 Signs Indicates You Are Suffering From Bacterial Vaginosis

What is Bacterial Vaginosis?

Bacterial Vaginosis is an infection that occurs in and around the female genitalia. It does not usually pose a major health threat and is a mild infection that can be controlled and cured with timely medical intervention. Although it is believed to be sexually transmitted, it can also affect women who are not sexually active.

Bacterial Vaginosis can however, be dangerous for women who are pregnant and are near to their delivery date. It can cause severe uterine infection and increases the chance of miscarriage.

In some cases, pelvic surgeries, which include caesarean, hysterectomy, abortion or other abdominal surgery, bacterial vaginosis can be contracted during the surgical procedure. This can further complicate the condition of the patient.

Bacterial Vaginosis is a common complaint among women who have physically reached the child bearing age and symptoms of this physical problem can become prominent at any time of the menstrual cycle.

Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis

  1. Unhygienic washrooms

  2. Dirty, unwashed underwear

  3. Multiple sexual partners

  4. Change in the vaginal pH, causing the reduction in the protective acidic secretion that prevents the growth of other harmful bacteria

  5. It can also arise from the placement of Intrauterine device (IUD), a contraceptive device placed to prevent the eggs released by the ovaries, from reaching the uterus.

Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis

  1. The most common sign of bacterial vaginosis is a foul smelling vaginal discharge.

  2. The discharge increases after sexual activities.

  3. Discomfort during urination

  4. In some rare cases, there is itching and dryness

  5. In most cases, bacterial vaginosis does not reveal too many symptoms and does not even cause intense irritation.

Treatment

  1. Bacterial Vaginosis can be treated with antibiotics that are generally to be continued for a course of 7 days.

  2. Symptoms and discomfort of bacterial vaginosis generally recede within 2-3 days. However, it is recommended that the medicine should not be stopped even after the symptoms disappear.

  3. Only in rare cases, certain antibiotics may lead to a vaginal yeast infection. In case of redness, inflammation, irritation and undesirable discharge, you must seek medical attention immediately.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2636 people found this helpful

What Are The Causes, Symptoms And Treatment For Bacterial Vaginosis?

Dr. Pallavi Dhawan 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Lucknow
What Are The Causes, Symptoms And Treatment For Bacterial Vaginosis?

What is Bacterial Vaginosis?

Bacterial Vaginosis is an infection that occurs in and around the female genitalia. It does not usually pose a major health threat and is a mild infection that can be controlled and cured with timely medical intervention. Although it is believed to be sexually transmitted, it can also affect women who are not sexually active.

Bacterial Vaginosis can however, be dangerous for women who are pregnant and are near to their delivery date. It can cause severe uterine infection and increases the chance of miscarriage.

In some cases, pelvic surgeries, which include caesarean, hysterectomy, abortion or other abdominal surgery, bacterial vaginosis can be contracted during the surgical procedure. This can further complicate the condition of the patient.

Bacterial Vaginosis is a common complaint among women who have physically reached the child bearing age and symptoms of this physical problem can become prominent at any time of the menstrual cycle.

Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis

  1. Unhygienic washrooms

  2. Dirty, unwashed underwear

  3. Multiple sexual partners

  4. Change in the vaginal pH, causing the reduction in the protective acidic secretion that prevents the growth of other harmful bacteria

  5. It can also arise from the placement of Intrauterine device (IUD), a contraceptive device placed to prevent the eggs released by the ovaries, from reaching the uterus.

Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis

  1. The most common sign of bacterial vaginosis is a foul smelling vaginal discharge.

  2. The discharge increases after sexual activities.

  3. Discomfort during urination

  4. In some rare cases, there is itching and dryness

  5. In most cases, bacterial vaginosis does not reveal too many symptoms and does not even cause intense irritation.

Treatment

  1. Bacterial Vaginosis can be treated with antibiotics that are generally to be continued for a course of 7 days.

  2. Symptoms and discomfort of bacterial vaginosis generally recede within 2-3 days. However, it is recommended that the medicine should not be stopped even after the symptoms disappear.

  3. Only in rare cases, certain antibiotics may lead to a vaginal yeast infection. In case of redness, inflammation, irritation and undesirable discharge, you must seek medical attention immediately.

 In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2571 people found this helpful

Discomfort During Urination - Can It Be A Sign Of Bacterial Vaginosis?

Dr. Saraschandrika P. V. 90% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
Discomfort During Urination - Can It Be A Sign Of Bacterial Vaginosis?

What is Bacterial Vaginosis?

Bacterial Vaginosis is an infection that occurs in and around the female genitalia. It does not usually pose a major health threat and is a mild infection that can be controlled and cured with timely medical intervention. Although it is believed to be sexually transmitted, it can also affect women who are not sexually active.

Bacterial Vaginosis can however, be dangerous for women who are pregnant and are near to their delivery date. It can cause severe uterine infection and increases the chance of miscarriage.

In some cases, pelvic surgeries, which include caesarean, hysterectomy, abortion or other abdominal surgery, bacterial vaginosis can be contracted during the surgical procedure. This can further complicate the condition of the patient.

Bacterial Vaginosis is a common complaint among women who have physically reached the child bearing age and symptoms of this physical problem can become prominent at any time of the menstrual cycle.

Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis

  1. Unhygienic washrooms

  2. Dirty, unwashed underwear

  3. Multiple sexual partners

  4. Change in the vaginal pH, causing the reduction in the protective acidic secretion that prevents the growth of other harmful bacteria

  5. It can also arise from the placement of Intrauterine device (IUD), a contraceptive device placed to prevent the eggs released by the ovaries, from reaching the uterus.

Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis

  1. The most common sign of bacterial vaginosis is a foul smelling vaginal discharge.

  2. The discharge increases after sexual activities.

  3. Discomfort during urination

  4. In some rare cases, there is itching and dryness

  5. In most cases, bacterial vaginosis does not reveal too many symptoms and does not even cause intense irritation.

Treatment

  1. Bacterial Vaginosis can be treated with antibiotics that are generally to be continued for a course of 7 days.

  2. Symptoms and discomfort of bacterial vaginosis generally recede within 2-3 days. However, it is recommended that the medicine should not be stopped even after the symptoms disappear.

  3. Only in rare cases, certain antibiotics may lead to a vaginal yeast infection. In case of redness, inflammation, irritation and undesirable discharge, you must seek medical attention immediately.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3665 people found this helpful

Bacterial Vaginosis - 5 Signs You are Suffering from it

Dr. Megha Tuli Gupta 92% (1763 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Bacterial Vaginosis - 5 Signs You are Suffering from it

What is Bacterial Vaginosis?

Bacterial Vaginosis is an infection that occurs in and around the female genitalia. It does not usually pose a major health threat and is a mild infection that can be controlled and cured with timely medical intervention. Although it is believed to be sexually transmitted, it can also affect women who are not sexually active.

Bacterial Vaginosis can however, be dangerous for women who are pregnant and are near to their delivery date. It can cause severe uterine infection and increases the chance of miscarriage.

In some cases, pelvic surgeries, which include caesarean, hysterectomy, abortion or other abdominal surgery, bacterial vaginosis can be contracted during the surgical procedure. This can further complicate the condition of the patient.

Bacterial Vaginosis is a common complaint among women who have physically reached the child bearing age and symptoms of this physical problem can become prominent at any time of the menstrual cycle.

Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis

  1. Unhygienic washrooms

  2. Dirty, unwashed underwear

  3. Multiple sexual partners

  4. Change in the vaginal pH, causing the reduction in the protective acidic secretion that prevents the growth of other harmful bacteria

  5. It can also arise from the placement of Intrauterine device (IUD), a contraceptive device placed to prevent the eggs released by the ovaries, from reaching the uterus.

Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis

  1. The most common sign of bacterial vaginosis is a foul smelling vaginal discharge.

  2. The discharge increases after sexual activities.

  3. Discomfort during urination

  4. In some rare cases, there is itching and dryness

  5. In most cases, bacterial vaginosis does not reveal too many symptoms and does not even cause intense irritation.

Treatment

  1. Bacterial Vaginosis can be treated with antibiotics that are generally to be continued for a course of 7 days.

  2. Symptoms and discomfort of bacterial vaginosis generally recede within 2-3 days. However, it is recommended that the medicine should not be stopped even after the symptoms disappear.

  3. Only in rare cases, certain antibiotics may lead to a vaginal yeast infection. In case of redness, inflammation, irritation and undesirable discharge, you must seek medical attention immediately.
2658 people found this helpful

5 Causes Of Bacterial Vaginosis!

Dr. Kavita Mandal 84% (20 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Warangal
5 Causes Of Bacterial Vaginosis!

What is Bacterial Vaginosis?

Bacterial Vaginosis is an infection that occurs in and around the female genitalia. It does not usually pose a major health threat and is a mild infection that can be controlled and cured with timely medical intervention. Although it is believed to be sexually transmitted, it can also affect women who are not sexually active.

Bacterial Vaginosis can however, be dangerous for women who are pregnant and are near to their delivery date. It can cause severe uterine infection and increases the chance of miscarriage.

In some cases, pelvic surgeries, which include caesarean, hysterectomy, abortion or other abdominal surgery, bacterial vaginosis can be contracted during the surgical procedure. This can further complicate the condition of the patient.

Bacterial Vaginosis is a common complaint among women who have physically reached the child bearing age and symptoms of this physical problem can become prominent at any time of the menstrual cycle.

Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis

  1. Unhygienic washrooms

  2. Dirty, unwashed underwear

  3. Multiple sexual partners

  4. Change in the vaginal pH, causing the reduction in the protective acidic secretion that prevents the growth of other harmful bacteria

  5. It can also arise from the placement of Intrauterine device (IUD), a contraceptive device placed to prevent the eggs released by the ovaries, from reaching the uterus.

Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis

  1. The most common sign of bacterial vaginosis is a foul smelling vaginal discharge.

  2. The discharge increases after sexual activities.

  3. Discomfort during urination

  4. In some rare cases, there is itching and dryness

  5. In most cases, bacterial vaginosis does not reveal too many symptoms and does not even cause intense irritation.

Treatment

  1. Bacterial Vaginosis can be treated with antibiotics that are generally to be continued for a course of 7 days.

  2. Symptoms and discomfort of bacterial vaginosis generally recede within 2-3 days. However, it is recommended that the medicine should not be stopped even after the symptoms disappear.

  3. Only in rare cases, certain antibiotics may lead to a vaginal yeast infection. In case of redness, inflammation, irritation and undesirable discharge, you must seek medical attention immediately.
3857 people found this helpful
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