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Last Updated: Aug 27, 2019
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Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) - Treatment, Procedure, Costs, Success Rates And Side Effects

What is Intrauterine Insemination? What causes of infertility can IUI treat? What’s the IUI process? Who is eligible for IUI treatment? Who is not eligible for the treatment? What are the side effects of IUI treatment? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of IUI treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment? Key Highlights:

What is Intrauterine Insemination?

IUI stands for Intrauterine insemination. It is a fertility treatment for reproductively challenged couples as well as aspiring single parents. It increases the chance of fertilization of a woman’s eggs by maximizing the number of sperm cells that make it to their fallopian tubes. It is usually used in the case where sperm count is low or have low mobility. The treatment allows the sperm to reach the fallopian tubes easily as it is put directly into the uterus.

The procedure is minimally invasive and doesn’t have a long recovery time. This makes an Intrauterine Insemination procedure a lot more preferable to alternatives such as In Vitro Fertilization. It usually requires multiple sessions for the treatment to take effect, with the success rate per session being 20%. There are multiple factors that determine whether or not the procedure is successful as well as how many sessions it will require for the treatment to be successful.

These factors would include the nature of the fertility problem being faced by the patient in question as well as factors like age, lifestyle and medical history. The success of the treatment also depends on factors such as whether you opt for fertility drugs to be used as part of the treatment.

What causes of infertility can IUI treat?

  • If Couple has been consulting for infertility
  • A woman suffering from mild endometriosis
  • Women suffering from the cervix or cervical mucus issues
  • If the male partner is having low sperm count and decreased sperm motility
  • Male having ejaculation or erection issues
  • Same-sex couples wishing for a baby
  • A single woman wishing to have a baby
  • Couples who don't want to pass on their genetic defects to their children

What’s the IUI process?

The process of intrauterine insemination begins with sample collection from the biological father or sperm donor. After they go into the clinic and submit the semen sample, it is taken to the lab where the semen is separated from the seminal fluid before the insemination can begin.

Prior to the insemination process, the patient is usually put on medication. The medication is designed to stimulate ovulation. The day of ovulation can be detected by testing for LH Hormones. A surge of LH Hormone can indicate that ovulation is about to begin in the next 24 – 36 hours. This would be the ideal time for insemination.

When you go to a clinic or hospital for the insemination, you will be asked to lie on a table with your legs in stirrups, much like you would during a pap smear or a routine gynaecological checkup. A doctor will then use a catheter to insert the sperm directly into the uterus. This will increase the chances of the sperm reaching the eggs on the day of ovulation. Intrauterine insemination is a short procedure and doesn’t require more than ten minutes. Some doctors, however, will ask you to lie on your back for about an hour after the procedure. While some women might experience slight discomfort during the procedure, it is minimally invasive and hence, pretty much painless.

Who is eligible for IUI treatment?

Intrauterine Insemination is a minimally invasive fertility treatment and is appropriate for most reproductively challenged couples as well as single people who want to conceive a child. You should IUI if:

  • You have been having trouble conceiving through traditional means for a number of months or years.
  • You have a low sperm count or sperm mobility issues.
  • You have a hostile cervical condition, suffer from cervical scarring or cervical mucus abnormalities.
  • You have an ejaculation dysfunction.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Intrauterine Insemination isn’t a treatment that is appropriate for all types of fertility issues. You should not go for an IUI if:

  • You suffer from endometriosis.
  • You have a history of having had multiple pelvic infections.
  • You suffer from disorders that affect your fallopian tubes.

What are the side effects of IUI treatment?

Intrauterine Insemination poses certain risks. The following are the possibilities and risks associated with this procedure:

  • The likelihood of multiple births increases when conceiving through this procedure, which is even higher if you are on fertility medication during the procedure.
  • There is a small risk of developing an infection as there is with most minimally invasive procedures.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Intrauterine Insemination, being a short and minimally invasive procedure, there are not many post-treatment guidelines to follow. A few weeks after having the treatment, you should keep track of whether or not you are exhibiting symptoms of pregnancy and also take a home pregnancy test if you feel you might be pregnant so that you can consult with your doctor about the next step. Considering that you are trying to conceive, you should, however, avoid smoking and drinking as well as junk food and carbonated drinks.

How long does it take to recover?

An Intrauterine Insemination procedure usually does not require a recovery period. While you might be asked to lie on your back for a few minutes after the procedure, not only will you be able to drive yourself home but you can also get back to your daily routine immediately as well.

What is the price of IUI treatment in India?

Intrauterine Insemination usually costs around Rs. 3000 – Rs. 8000 per insemination cycle. Multiple procedures are usually necessary to achieve the desired results from this treatment.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Intrauterine Insemination has a success rate of 20% per session. Your doctor will probably let you know beforehand that it might take multiple procedures to actually get pregnant from IUI and ask you to plan accordingly.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Intrauterine Insemination is usually recommended when the isolated use of fertility drugs have not helped a patient conceive. An alternate fertility treatment would be an In Vitro Fertilization, but that is usually not recommended until multiple IUI procedures have failed.

Key Highlights:

Safety: High

Effectiveness: Medium

Timeliness: High

Relative Risk: Low

Side Effects: Medium

Recovery Time: Very Low

Price Range: Rs. 3000 - Rs. 8000

Popular Questions & Answers

I had an IVF on 23rd July. But got a negative hcg and still not had my periods yet. I have heard about cryptic pregnancy. How common is it and is it possible to have negative hcg throughout pregnancy?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, DGO
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Hi there Even in ectopic pregnancy hcg test is suppose to be positive. So you are not pregnant and you can see your doctor to evaluate further.
1 person found this helpful

I have bilateral fimbrial block and have taken opinion from 3-4 doctors and they said IVF is the only option. One of the doctor told me that if I undergo laparoscopy than there's a chances of ectopic pregnancy in future. What will be the best option?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DGO, MD - Physician, Certificate Course In Reproductive Medicine & Ivf, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Infertility Management Training, ivf training in NUH singappre, masters in Reproductive Medicine
IVF Specialist, Gurgaon
I suggest to undergo hysterolaparoscopy to find cause of blockage and open if ppssi le and give you chances for natural conception. But if in laparoscopy we see that the tubes are damaged and it is not possible for us to open them then treatment p...

Is ovafem plus safe for women? I read it is for male infertility. I am trying to get pregnant & my doctor has suggested me this medicine. Please reply.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, DGO
IVF Specialist, Delhi
It is safe to take as adviced. Infertility treatment is based on lot of factors taken into consideration together like age hormones and other related tests.
1 person found this helpful

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