IUI stands for Intrauterine insemination. It is a fertility treatment for reproductively challenged couples as well as aspiring single parents. It increases the chance of fertilization of a woman’s eggs by maximizing the number of sperm cells that make it to their fallopian tubes. It is usually used in the case where sperm count is low or have low mobility. The treatment allows the sperm to reach the fallopian tubes easily as it is put directly into the uterus.
The procedure is minimally invasive and doesn’t have a long recovery time. This makes an Intrauterine Insemination procedure a lot more preferable to alternatives such as In Vitro Fertilization. It usually requires multiple sessions for the treatment to take effect, with the success rate per session being 20%. There are multiple factors that determine whether or not the procedure is successful as well as how many sessions it will require for the treatment to be successful.
These factors would include the nature of the fertility problem being faced by the patient in question as well as factors like age, lifestyle and medical history. The success of the treatment also depends on factors such as whether you opt for fertility drugs to be used as part of the treatment.
The process of intrauterine insemination begins with sample collection from the biological father or sperm donor. After they go into the clinic and submit the semen sample, it is taken to the lab where the semen is separated from the seminal fluid before the insemination can begin.
Prior to the insemination process, the patient is usually put on medication. The medication is designed to stimulate ovulation. The day of ovulation can be detected by testing for LH Hormones. A surge of LH Hormone can indicate that ovulation is about to begin in the next 24 – 36 hours. This would be the ideal time for insemination.
When you go to a clinic or hospital for the insemination, you will be asked to lie on a table with your legs in stirrups, much like you would during a pap smear or a routine gynaecological checkup. A doctor will then use a catheter to insert the sperm directly into the uterus. This will increase the chances of the sperm reaching the eggs on the day of ovulation. Intrauterine insemination is a short procedure and doesn’t require more than ten minutes. Some doctors, however, will ask you to lie on your back for about an hour after the procedure. While some women might experience slight discomfort during the procedure, it is minimally invasive and hence, pretty much painless.
Intrauterine Insemination is a minimally invasive fertility treatment and is appropriate for most reproductively challenged couples as well as single people who want to conceive a child. You should IUI if:
Intrauterine Insemination isn’t a treatment that is appropriate for all types of fertility issues. You should not go for an IUI if:
Intrauterine Insemination poses certain risks. The following are the possibilities and risks associated with this procedure:
Intrauterine Insemination, being a short and minimally invasive procedure, there are not many post-treatment guidelines to follow. A few weeks after having the treatment, you should keep track of whether or not you are exhibiting symptoms of pregnancy and also take a home pregnancy test if you feel you might be pregnant so that you can consult with your doctor about the next step. Considering that you are trying to conceive, you should, however, avoid smoking and drinking as well as junk food and carbonated drinks.
An Intrauterine Insemination procedure usually does not require a recovery period. While you might be asked to lie on your back for a few minutes after the procedure, not only will you be able to drive yourself home but you can also get back to your daily routine immediately as well.
Intrauterine Insemination usually costs around Rs. 3000 – Rs. 8000 per insemination cycle. Multiple procedures are usually necessary to achieve the desired results from this treatment.
Intrauterine Insemination has a success rate of 20% per session. Your doctor will probably let you know beforehand that it might take multiple procedures to actually get pregnant from IUI and ask you to plan accordingly.
Intrauterine Insemination is usually recommended when the isolated use of fertility drugs have not helped a patient conceive. An alternate fertility treatment would be an In Vitro Fertilization, but that is usually not recommended until multiple IUI procedures have failed.
Relative Risk: Low
Side Effects: Medium
Recovery Time: Very Low
Price Range: Rs. 3000 - Rs. 8000