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Last Updated: August 27, 2019
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Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) - Treatment, Procedure, Costs, Success Rates And Side Effects

What is Intrauterine Insemination? What causes of infertility can IUI treat? What’s the IUI process? Who is eligible for IUI treatment? Who is not eligible for the treatment? What are the side effects of IUI treatment? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of IUI treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment? Key Highlights:

What is Intrauterine Insemination?

IUI stands for Intrauterine insemination. It is a fertility treatment for reproductively challenged couples as well as aspiring single parents. It increases the chance of fertilization of a woman’s eggs by maximizing the number of sperm cells that make it to their fallopian tubes. It is usually used in the case where sperm count is low or have low mobility. The treatment allows the sperm to reach the fallopian tubes easily as it is put directly into the uterus.

The procedure is minimally invasive and doesn’t have a long recovery time. This makes an Intrauterine Insemination procedure a lot more preferable to alternatives such as In Vitro Fertilization. It usually requires multiple sessions for the treatment to take effect, with the success rate per session being 20%. There are multiple factors that determine whether or not the procedure is successful as well as how many sessions it will require for the treatment to be successful.

These factors would include the nature of the fertility problem being faced by the patient in question as well as factors like age, lifestyle and medical history. The success of the treatment also depends on factors such as whether you opt for fertility drugs to be used as part of the treatment.

What causes of infertility can IUI treat?

  • If Couple has been consulting for infertility
  • A woman suffering from mild endometriosis
  • Women suffering from the cervix or cervical mucus issues
  • If the male partner is having low sperm count and decreased sperm motility
  • Male having ejaculation or erection issues
  • Same-sex couples wishing for a baby
  • A single woman wishing to have a baby
  • Couples who don't want to pass on their genetic defects to their children

What’s the IUI process?

The process of intrauterine insemination begins with sample collection from the biological father or sperm donor. After they go into the clinic and submit the semen sample, it is taken to the lab where the semen is separated from the seminal fluid before the insemination can begin.

Prior to the insemination process, the patient is usually put on medication. The medication is designed to stimulate ovulation. The day of ovulation can be detected by testing for LH Hormones. A surge of LH Hormone can indicate that ovulation is about to begin in the next 24 – 36 hours. This would be the ideal time for insemination.

When you go to a clinic or hospital for the insemination, you will be asked to lie on a table with your legs in stirrups, much like you would during a pap smear or a routine gynaecological checkup. A doctor will then use a catheter to insert the sperm directly into the uterus. This will increase the chances of the sperm reaching the eggs on the day of ovulation. Intrauterine insemination is a short procedure and doesn’t require more than ten minutes. Some doctors, however, will ask you to lie on your back for about an hour after the procedure. While some women might experience slight discomfort during the procedure, it is minimally invasive and hence, pretty much painless.

Who is eligible for IUI treatment?

Intrauterine Insemination is a minimally invasive fertility treatment and is appropriate for most reproductively challenged couples as well as single people who want to conceive a child. You should IUI if:

  • You have been having trouble conceiving through traditional means for a number of months or years.
  • You have a low sperm count or sperm mobility issues.
  • You have a hostile cervical condition, suffer from cervical scarring or cervical mucus abnormalities.
  • You have an ejaculation dysfunction.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Intrauterine Insemination isn’t a treatment that is appropriate for all types of fertility issues. You should not go for an IUI if:

  • You suffer from endometriosis.
  • You have a history of having had multiple pelvic infections.
  • You suffer from disorders that affect your fallopian tubes.

What are the side effects of IUI treatment?

Intrauterine Insemination poses certain risks. The following are the possibilities and risks associated with this procedure:

  • The likelihood of multiple births increases when conceiving through this procedure, which is even higher if you are on fertility medication during the procedure.
  • There is a small risk of developing an infection as there is with most minimally invasive procedures.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Intrauterine Insemination, being a short and minimally invasive procedure, there are not many post-treatment guidelines to follow. A few weeks after having the treatment, you should keep track of whether or not you are exhibiting symptoms of pregnancy and also take a home pregnancy test if you feel you might be pregnant so that you can consult with your doctor about the next step. Considering that you are trying to conceive, you should, however, avoid smoking and drinking as well as junk food and carbonated drinks.

How long does it take to recover?

An Intrauterine Insemination procedure usually does not require a recovery period. While you might be asked to lie on your back for a few minutes after the procedure, not only will you be able to drive yourself home but you can also get back to your daily routine immediately as well.

What is the price of IUI treatment in India?

Intrauterine Insemination usually costs around Rs. 3000 – Rs. 8000 per insemination cycle. Multiple procedures are usually necessary to achieve the desired results from this treatment.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Intrauterine Insemination has a success rate of 20% per session. Your doctor will probably let you know beforehand that it might take multiple procedures to actually get pregnant from IUI and ask you to plan accordingly.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Intrauterine Insemination is usually recommended when the isolated use of fertility drugs have not helped a patient conceive. An alternate fertility treatment would be an In Vitro Fertilization, but that is usually not recommended until multiple IUI procedures have failed.

Key Highlights:

Safety: High

Effectiveness: Medium

Timeliness: High

Relative Risk: Low

Side Effects: Medium

Recovery Time: Very Low

Price Range: Rs. 3000 - Rs. 8000

Popular Questions & Answers

I took duphaston 10 mg tablets for 19 days after iui but after beta hcg test, the result is negative. I gained weight and there are changes in breast and tummy too. Is it because of the tablets?

certain amount of bloating happens with progesterone 2nd half of most of the cycles tends to have increased weight it will be alright if periods comes and it will continue to be the same if you get pregnant

I am trying for iui .this is my second attempt without any inducing medication. All reports r normal. My ovulation is proper. On 13 or 14 th day egg gets ruptured without ovulation inducing medicines. What r the tips by which we can get success in pregnancy through iui? Can ovulation inducing medicine increase the chances.

Yes they do but not to big percentage. Any couple desirous of pregnancy and not getting same naturally must meet gynecologist or infertility specialist accepting facts that it needs many reports and different trials of treatment. Means couple must...
1 person found this helpful

I hv tried iui twice in kast 2 years but it came out negative. I have been married last 8 years. Any other treatment I can go through for positive report.

Hai. The success of IUI depends on ages of partners, the timing of ovulation and insemination, tubal patency, sperm count, motility and quality, presence of infections, diabetes, tuberculosis etc. Sperm processing lab conditions and efficiency of ...

Iui treatment ke liye male ko kitne din tak sperm ka stock kar ke rakha na chahiye? Agar 15 din se sperm stock kar ke rakha ho to koi problem hota hai, iui karane me?

Iui fresh collection se bhi ho sakta hai. Agar husband bahargam ja raha hai ya en time pe kabhi kabhi sperms ikathha nahi ho sakta hai to sperm bank me jama kar sakte hai. Agar proper sperm bank me rakha hai to kitne din important nahi hai. Husban...
2 people found this helpful

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Content Details
Written By
MBBS,Fellowship in Assisted Reproduction,DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
IVF Speciality
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