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Infertility Tips

Infertility - How Ayurvedic Remedies Can Help?

Saigram Ayurveda 85% (40 ratings)
Ayurveda, Coimbatore
Infertility - How Ayurvedic Remedies Can Help?

Not everyone can conceive a baby easily. The inability to conceive a baby despite having intercourse during the fertile window in a woman’s menstrual cycle for over a year is termed as infertility. Infertility does not affect only the physical health of a woman, but also her mental and emotional well-being as well as the couple’s social health.

In some cases, infertility can be treated with Ayurveda. According to Ayurveda, a couple needs to be both physically and mentally strong and healthy. Ayurveda believes that a lack of nutrition in the shukra dhatu or the person’s reproductive tissue is the cause of infertility. This can be triggered by indigestion, anxiety, depression, insomnia and the presence of toxins in the body. Some of the ways ayurveda can be used to treat infertility are as follows:

  1. Eat cool foodsSpicy food can affect the quality of shukra dhatu and lower the quality and quantity of both sperm and ovum. This is because shukra dhatu requires a cool environment to promote fertility. Hence, eat food that is easy to digest and which has a cooling effect on the body. Men can benefit from foods like asparagus, dates and almonds, while foods like quinoa and pineapples can help a woman conceive easily.
  2. Shirodhara therapy: Shirodhara involves the movement of liquid over the forehead in a rhythmic manner at specific points. This stimulates the hypothalamus, pituitary and pineal glands and aids in the secretion of hormones including follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). When it comes to women, FSH stimulates the ovarian follicles into releasing an egg without which it would be impossible to conceive a child.
  3. Fight stressOne of the effects of stress is reduced libido. Prolonged exposure to stress is often a major factor that contributes to infertility. When it comes to women, stress makes a woman ovulate less regularly. In men, stress can affect the sperm production and affect testosterone levels. To fight stress, try deep breathing exercises like alom vilom or keep a little time aside each morning for a walk or light exercise.
  4. LodhraThis herb is very beneficial in treating women with infertility. It stimulates FSH and luteinising hormones (LH) and lowers the risk of a miscarriage. It also increases chances of conception. Lodhra should be taken twice a day along with honey and milk.
  5. Lifestyle changes: Ayurveda is not only about herbal medicines but also following the right lifestyle. Bad habits like smoking, drug usage and alcohol not only affect a person’s overall health but also interfere with fertility. Hence, when trying to conceive a child, quit these bad habits and try following a healthier lifestyle that involves following a routine, eating right and exercising regularly.

Role Of Ayurveda In The Management Of Infertility!

Dr. Hitesh Kumar 90% (152 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Rudrapur
Role Of Ayurveda In The Management Of Infertility!

Infertility is the failure to conceive (regardless of cause) after 1 year of unprotected intercourse.

Types of Infertility

  1. Primary infertility: Infertility in a couple who never had a child
  2. Secondary infertility: Failure to conceive following a previous pregnancy

Epidemiology, Incidence, and Prevalence

In the United States, around 10% of women aged 15-44 years are estimated to have difficulty conceiving or staying pregnant. Worldwide, 8%-12% of couples experience fertility problems.

Causes

Female factors that affect fertility include the following categories:

  1. Cervical: Stenosis or abnormalities of the mucus-sperm interaction
  2. Uterine: Congenital or acquired defects; may affect endometrium or myometrium; may be associated with primary infertility or with pregnancy wastage and premature delivery
  3. Ovarian: Alteration in the frequency and duration of the menstrual cycle—Failure to ovulate is the most common infertility problem
  4. Tubal: Abnormalities or damage to the fallopian tube; may be congenital or acquired.

Male factors that affect fertility include the following categories:

  1. Pretesticular: Congenital or acquired diseases of the hypothalamus, pituitary, or peripheral organs that alter the hypothalamic-pituitary axis
  2. Testicular: Genetic or nongenetic
  3. Post-testicular: Congenital or acquired factors that disrupt normal transport of sperm through the ductal system

Laboratory, Imaging, and/or Surgical Evaluation Laboratory, radiologic, and/or surgical assessment of the female:

  • Ovarian: Progesterone levels, follicle-stimulating hormone and estradiol levels and Anti-Mullerian hormone levels

Laboratory evaluation of the male:

  1. Semen analysis: Volume, pH level, concentration, motility, morphology, and WBC count​
  2. Sperm function tests:
    • The acrosome reaction test with fluorescent lectins or antibodies
    • Computer assessment of the sperm head
    • Computer motility assessment

The Scope of Ayurvedic Treatment in the Management of Infertility 

The main ayurvedic treatment goals are purification and functional optimization of the “reproductive tissues” (arthava- and shukra-dhatu) of both sexes. According to Ayurveda, reproductive health is primarily determined by the health of tissue metabolism and nutrition, both being ultimate requirements for conception.Therefore, general panchakarma purification measures usually initiate the treatment sequence. While purgation is almost always recommended, other cleansing measures are optional and may include medicated enema, emesis, and blood purification.

Based on the Ayurvedic diagnosis vandhyatva and considering constitutional factors, various tailored treatment protocols are carried out during an individual 90-min session and discussed with the patient. These factors usually involve a combination of constitution- and disease-based dietary (ahara) and lifestyle (vihara) advice, including daily intranasal self-massage, gargling, and self-body massage with sesame oil; regular administration of herbs (aushadhi: combination of the fine powders of Withania somnifera, Bacopa monnieri, Asparagus racemosus, and Tinospora cordifolia); nutritional supplements (Chyavanaprasha linctus); abdominal massage with Dhanvantara oil; and local oil applications on the lower back (kati-basti), and nasal applications of medicated fats (nasya with brahmi-ghrta).

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

604 people found this helpful

Infertility - Role Of Laparoscopy In It!

Dr. Smita Vats 89% (203 ratings)
FICMCH, Diploma In Laproscopic Surgery, Certified in Laparoscopy & Hysteroscopy, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Infertility - Role Of Laparoscopy In It!

Almost every woman wants to lead a healthy life with their loved ones and experience the joy of motherhood when the right time comes. However, as much as you detest it, the last decade or two has seen a steady rise in gynecological problems. While some of the gynecological conditions are minor and can be easily treated and taken care of, others may give you a hard time. From PCOS to Endometriosis, left untreated, some of these problems may trigger infertility, complicating things further.

Open surgeries have long been the only surgical option to deal with such critical problems. However, the advent of Laparoscopy has brought about a much-needed relief benefitting millions of women with gynecological problems worldwide. Based on latest technology and being minimally invasive, laparoscopy comes with a lot of benefits. In addition to surgically treating a condition, laparoscopy also ensures an accurate and better diagnosis. In this article, we will discuss the laparoscopic surgeries to deal with infertility and other related gynecological issues.

Infertility and Laparoscopic surgery

Identifying the underlying factor(s) responsible for infertility can go a long way to treat the condition successfully. Some of the factors that contribute towards infertility include

  1. PCOS: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a medical condition whereby formation of a cyst(s) take place in one or both the ovaries. These cysts affect the ovulation process as the eggs either do not mature or the ovary fails to release the mature eggs. To deal with this situation, a surgeon often performs the Laparoscopic Ovarian Drilling or Ovarian Diathermy.
    • Here, the surgeon makes small cuts in the abdomen (belly button).
    • To inflate the abdomen, the surgeon inserts carbon dioxide gas inside the stomach.
    • The Laparoscope along with the surgical instruments are next inserted inside through the incisions.
    • Parts of the ovary that are being affected are destroyed using Electrocautery.
  2. Ovarian Diathermy plays a significant role in normalizing the ovulation process, which was affected by PCOS.
  3. A blocked fallopian tube can also trigger infertility. In this case, Laparoscopic Fimbrioplasty (performed when there is a scar or a blockage in the part of the fallopian tube that is adjacent to the ovary) comes in handy. It is a laparoscopic reconstructive procedure that helps to open the tubal blockage, thereby restoring the fimbriae (finger-like projections located at the tube ends that aids in the transportation of the matured eggs from the ovary into the uterus).
  4. Endometriosis: This is a medical term used to define a condition whereby the endometrial cells grow outside the uterus, often in the ovary or the fallopian tube resulting in pain and infertility. Here also, laparoscopy comes as a savior, getting rid of any scarred tissues, endometrial implants or endometrioma (endometriosis cyst that forms in the ovary), thereby improving the condition.
  5. Laparoscopy can also be used to treat ovarian cancer, removal of fibroids (uterine myomas or uterine tumors), hysterectomy (uterus removal).
  6. Laparoscopy plays a significant role in reversing the tubal ligation (closure of the fallopian tube to prevent pregnancy).

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1501 people found this helpful

Cures For Impotence - How To Get Your Erections Back?

Dr. Vinod Raina 96% (4959 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Cures For Impotence - How To Get Your Erections Back?

Cures For Impotence - How To Get Your Erections Back

Cures for impotence took a great leap forward when the impotence drug Viagra was introduced. The pharmaceutical drugs industry thought that drugs like Viagra was the only solution to beat erection issues. There have also been strides recently in a range of other cures for impotence too, ranging from erection herbs, the use of certain super foods and special penile exercises. It is a fact that natural treatments have been successfully treating erection issues for thousands of years. Erection drugs can come with many unwanted side effects. Alternative impotence cures can clear up the problem and improve your overall health at the same time.

Impotence, called erectile dysfunction or (ED) is common to men all over the world and can happen at any age in life and is treatable at any age. This embarrassing issue for men refers to a man's difficulty getting or maintaining an erection. Most men will agree that having an erection is not only essential for sex, but also forms a key part of their confidence, self esteem and general male identity and emotional health.

What Are The Causes Of Impotence?

Erection problems arise from two main causes, psychological or physical causes. Knowing exactly what is causing the issue is the best way to treat this condition. Research has shown that 90 per cent of impotence issues are physically related. The most common cause is clogged arteries in the penis. It is easy to imagine your arteries like a garden hose pipe. When water runs through a hose, the pipe will become hard. The same principal applies to the penis as an erection will occur when sufficient blood fills the pipes leading to it. When there is restricted blood flow impotence in men will occur. This can be caused by high cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking and alcohol. Certain medications can also be the reason.

The other 10 per cent make up psychological factors especially among younger men. These include stress, anxiety, guilt, depression and low self esteem.

Cures For Impotence

A lot of men want to know what to do to get their erections back when they are unable to achieve them or keep losing them. There is a range of cures that can provide some excellent results to help men to get their erections back naturally. If the problem is physical, there are several treatment options including:

1. Oral pills 
2. Impotence oils and lotions 
3. Impotence devices 
4. Surgery 
5. Natural remedies

Natural Cures Help Bring Erections Back Without Using Pills

When Viagra and other pill products were made available it did seem like the answer to men's prayers. Unfortunately men today have found out that in curing one problem, it can create others. Whilst they can make sex possible for some an increasing number of men are experiencing severe unwanted side effects. Women are also unhappy with the effect these little blue pills are having on their relationships.

However there are a range of ways to treat impotence with natural cures. The first step is to look for a cause. If your impotence is physical it is necessary to address the root causes of this. Quite often the culprit is lack of sufficient nutrients and weak circulation. Nearly always, men can get their erections back with a change of diet and lifestyle. This is the reason why 'wonder drugs' are never going to solve erection issues in the long-run as they are a quick fix and will never treat the root cause of the problem.

If your problem is emotional usually linked to anxiety or stress then it is possible for men to get their erections back with some simple relaxation and breathing techniques. Men with impotence problems are advised to confront the issue sooner rather than later as leaving things will only make matters worse in the long run.

5 people found this helpful

Obesity And Impotence - Understanding The Connection

Dr. Vinod Raina 96% (4959 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Obesity And Impotence - Understanding The Connection

Obesity and Impotence - Understanding the Connection

In today's world, there seems to be an ongoing conflict between the need to convince people of the dangers of obesity and the need to let everyone know that they are worthwhile and attractive no matter what. While it is true that a person's worth is not based on their physical appearance, and body type is not an indicator of humanity, the hard truth is that being overweight is simply not healthy.

Among the negative effects of obesity, one of the most distressing for men is the issue of impotence. While not all men who have some extra padding have troubles in the bedroom, a great percentage of obese individuals do experience problems with erectile function. Understanding the connection and responding to the body's needs with adequate self-care and attention to penis health can go a long way toward overcoming this problem.

Some of the negative effects of obesity on erectile health are described here.

Reduced cardiovascular function - Extra body weight puts a strain on the heart, and increased levels of body fat can also lead to problems like clogged arteries. These issues can lead to reduced heart function, which means that less blood is available when called on to fill the erectile chambers. This can result in loss of function, and long-term deprivation of an adequate supply of blood may even lead to tissue atrophy, meaning the penis essentially shrinks and becomes smaller.

Poor circulation - Excessive weight on the body also tends to compress the blood vessels, especially those leading to the lower extremities. Again, this reduces the blood flow that is needed to get things going in the erectile department, and low circulation can also lead to nerve damage and sensation loss.

Nerve damage - Men who are overweight have a much greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes, which has been shown to cause widespread damage of nerve tissue. Loss of nerve cells means loss of feeling, especially in the extremities, including the fingers, feet, and penis.

Lack of stamina - Having extra weight to haul around can diminish a man's reserves of energy, and attempting to get acrobatic in the bedroom can result in falling flat. Physical exercise is key here - men who work out, even if they are a little on the heavy side, may find that their energy levels increase and that they are able to hold up their end of the deal in a physical encounter.

Reduced self-esteem - Psychology also plays a vital role in erectile function, and a man who doesn't feel good about himself or who is anxious or depressed will more than likely encounter impotence issues. Losing weight, exercising and boosting one's self-esteem can be tremendously effective.

Men who have more than the occasional problem with impotence should make it a point to see their doctor; some of the possible underlying conditions can cause numerous health problems that can seriously reduce a man's quality of life. Addressing erectile dysfunction is never easy, but it can be a life-changing step that leads to greater satisfaction, lower stress levels, and an on-going sense of well-being.

A healthy penis for better erections

Men who have made the decision to improve their level of physical fitness are well on the way to improved erectile function and a more satisfying sex life. The next step is to ensure that the penis itself is ready for future encounters; a healthy penis is much more able to respond to stimulation and provide satisfaction.

Good nutrition goes a long way toward keeping the skin, nerve cells and circulatory tissue of the penis is top working condition. Eating a healthy diet and drinking plenty of water can help to provide the vitamins, minerals and antioxidants needed for a responsive penis. To ensure that the penis is really getting all of the nourishment it needs, applying a high-quality penis nutrient cream (most health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil) containing vitamins A, C, and E, which have powerful skin healing and tissue-building properties, can help to keep the skin smooth and supple.

1 person found this helpful

Cures For Impotence - How To Get Your Erections Back?

Dr. Vinod Raina 96% (4959 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Cures For Impotence - How To Get Your Erections Back?

Cures For Impotence - How To Get Your Erections Back

Cures for impotence took a great leap forward when the impotence drug Viagra was introduced. The pharmaceutical drugs industry thought that drugs like Viagra was the only solution to beat erection issues. There have also been strides recently in a range of other cures for impotence too, ranging from erection herbs, the use of certain super foods and special penile exercises. It is a fact that natural treatments have been successfully treating erection issues for thousands of years. Erection drugs can come with many unwanted side effects. Alternative impotence cures can clear up the problem and improve your overall health at the same time.

Impotence, called erectile dysfunction or (ED) is common to men all over the world and can happen at any age in life and is treatable at any age. This embarrassing issue for men refers to a man's difficulty getting or maintaining an erection. Most men will agree that having an erection is not only essential for sex, but also forms a key part of their confidence, self esteem and general male identity and emotional health.

What Are The Causes Of Impotence?

Erection problems arise from two main causes, psychological or physical causes. Knowing exactly what is causing the issue is the best way to treat this condition. Research has shown that 90 per cent of impotence issues are physically related. The most common cause is clogged arteries in the penis. It is easy to imagine your arteries like a garden hose pipe. When water runs through a hose, the pipe will become hard. The same principal applies to the penis as an erection will occur when sufficient blood fills the pipes leading to it. When there is restricted blood flow impotence in men will occur. This can be caused by high cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking and alcohol. Certain medications can also be the reason.

The other 10 per cent make up psychological factors especially among younger men. These include stress, anxiety, guilt, depression and low self esteem.

Cures For Impotence

A lot of men want to know what to do to get their erections back when they are unable to achieve them or keep losing them. There is a range of cures that can provide some excellent results to help men to get their erections back naturally. If the problem is physical, there are several treatment options including:

1. Oral pills 
2. Impotence oils and lotions 
3. Impotence devices 
4. Surgery 
5. Natural remedies

Natural Cures Help Bring Erections Back Without Using Pills

When Viagra and other pill products were made available it did seem like the answer to men's prayers. Unfortunately men today have found out that in curing one problem, it can create others. Whilst they can make sex possible for some an increasing number of men are experiencing severe unwanted side effects. Women are also unhappy with the effect these little blue pills are having on their relationships.

However there are a range of ways to treat impotence with natural cures. The first step is to look for a cause. If your impotence is physical it is necessary to address the root causes of this. Quite often the culprit is lack of sufficient nutrients and weak circulation. Nearly always, men can get their erections back with a change of diet and lifestyle. This is the reason why 'wonder drugs' are never going to solve erection issues in the long-run as they are a quick fix and will never treat the root cause of the problem.

If your problem is emotional usually linked to anxiety or stress then it is possible for men to get their erections back with some simple relaxation and breathing techniques. Men with impotence problems are advised to confront the issue sooner rather than later as leaving things will only make matters worse in the long run.

2 people found this helpful

Impact Of Lifestyle On Male And Female Infertility

Dr. Richika Sahay Shukla 95% (392 ratings)
DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Impact Of Lifestyle On Male And Female Infertility

Impact of Lifestyle on Male and Female Infertility

Understand how change in Diet and Lifestyle will impact your fertility with Dr. Richika Sahay Shukla, Fertility Specialist, India IVF Clinic.

Obesity, Stress, Anxiety, irregular daily routine are the major causes for infertility in male and  female. Change in diet, consumption of alcohol and junk foods effects your hormones and ultimately causes PCOD in females.

Infertility - Homeopathic Treatment For It!

Dr. Alok Kumar 90% (757 ratings)
BHMS, VLIR Belgium, Canadian Academy Of Homeopathy
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
Infertility - Homeopathic Treatment For It!

Most couples who get married intend to go the family route sooner or later. However, for those who have been trying sexual intercourse for more than 6 months without any contraceptive aids and still have not succeeded in having a baby, the underlying cause may be infertility in one or both partners. Infertility affects up to 15% of couples trying to conceive and have a baby.

Infertility, in medical terms, refers to a person’s biological inability to contribute to conception. There are many biological causes that may make this happen, some of which can be medically corrected. 

The Homeopathic Approach to Treat Infertility:

The homeopathic approach towards the management of health problems is constitutional. The treatment takes into account the presenting complaints - the symptoms - along with the unique physical, mental and genetic make-up that individualizes a person. Homeopathic medicines act at the roots of all ailments. They can rectify deviations of the hormonal system and get them back to normalcy. The simple homeopathic procedure effectively and efficiently avoids complicated procedures that follow the common treatments of infertility. More specifically, the complete hormonal harmony greatly increases the chances of conception without the harmful and/or painful side effects of medications, devices and invasive procedures. The biggest advantage of homeopathic treatment is that even after the treatment, the high sperm count is maintained. The medicines involved are easy to take, since there are only sweet pills and drops.

The homeopath plans the medication separately for every individual, by understanding his or her physical, as well as emotional and mental or spiritual imbalances. That is why this system becomes an excellent option for those seeking help with this issue, as it addresses health on a deep holistic level. The homeopath carefully prescribes the medicine that works on the real cause of infertility, along with other symptoms like any type of pain, stress, etc.

There are no prerequisites to start a homeopathy treatment for infertility. Anyone who just came to know about their infertility problem or those who have tried other infertility treatments without any results can consult a homeopath. Homeopathy medicines can also be used with other treatment methods, but the homeopath should be informed about it to prevent any interfering actions.

Final Tips For Infertility Treatments Using Homeopathy:

Homeopathy therapy works on male and female infertility in following way:

  1. It regulates and balances the body’s hormones, menstrual cycle and enhances the ovulation process in females.
  2. In males, it helps to increase the sperm count, their mobility and also their morphology by naturally stimulating the body.
  3. It helps with emotional blockages, disturbances and ambiguous thought processes that may affect fertility.
  4. It helps with the stress, anxiety and depression problems for those who are trying to conceive.
  5. It also helps in curing the side-effects of various other fertility treatments.

The homeopathic treatment for infertility is strictly individualistic. Whatever the reason that the patient opts for homeopathy, the treatment should be supported by a healthy diet and proper lifestyle, like avoiding alcohol and smoking. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a homeopath and ask a free question.

3 people found this helpful

Ashwagandha - Why Is It Useful During Infertility?

MD - Ayurveda, BAMS
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
Ashwagandha - Why Is It Useful During Infertility?

Ashwagandha is one of the most powerful Ayurvedic herbs and is commonly known as the Indian ginseng. Ashwagandha can be loosely translated to mean the ‘strength of ten horses’. It can be used to treat a number of diseases, relieve stress and fatigue, helps heal injuries and may also be used as an aphrodisiac and can help prevent male infertility.

  1. Ashwagandha helps rejuvenate the body: This herb not only calms a person down, but also restores the balance of their body. Hence, it is also known as rayasana or a herb that rejuvenates. Ashwagandha stimulates the immune system and boosts the production of white blood cells thereby, elevating levels of antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. The effects of this herb on a person’s nervous system and endocrine system can also harmonise the body, mind and spirit.
  2. It increases positivity: Stress and anxiety can lead to negative thinking and ultimately to depression. By fighting stress Ashwagandha helps negate these problems and instead boosts positive thinking. It may also be used to treat depression itself.
  3. It helps regenerate nerve cells: Along with diseases such as asthmatic bronchitis, emphysema and gynaecological disorders, Ashwagandha can also be used to treat neuro-degenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease or Alzheimer’s. It helps regenerate nerve cells and dendrite growth and even improves communication between nerve cells. This stimulates the body’s ability to heal any damage to the nervous system.
  4. It enhances memory and treats insomniaAshwagandha is one of the best Ayurvedic remedies to treat insomnia. It not only helps you fall asleep faster but can also improve your sleep quality. A restful sleep increases a person’s ability to concentrate and prevents drowsiness through the day. Ashwagandha also increases the levels of acetylcholine in the brain. This has a direct effect on boosting memory and elevating brain functioning and intelligence. Ashwagandha also increases the production of nitric oxide that helps regulate blood flow and blood pressure thus elevating the brain’s oxygen levels.
  5. It boosts libido: Ashwagandha helps optimise the functioning of the thyroid and adrenal glands and helps deal with both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Similarly, this Ayurvedic herb also benefits the adrenal glands and thus influences the overall mental and physical health of a person. The functioning of the thyroid and adrenal glands have a direct effect on a person’s sexual health and libido. Thus by enhancing the functioning of these glands, Ashwagandha improves sexual health and boosts libido. The nitric oxide produced by Ashwagandha also helps improve fertility.
2 people found this helpful

Male Infertility Cause Of Hormonal Problems

Gautam Clinic Pvt Ltd 94% (7297 ratings)
Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad
Male Infertility Cause Of Hormonal Problems

A small percentage of male infertility is caused by hormonal problems.  The hypothalamus-pituitary endocrine system regulates the chain of hormonal events that enables testes to produce and effectively disseminate sperm.  Several things can go wrong with the hypothalamus-pituitary endocrine system:
· The brain can fail to release gonadotrophic-releasing hormone (GnRH) properly.  GnRH stimulates the hormonal pathway that causes testosterone synthesis and sperm production. A disruption in GnRH release leads to a lack of testosterone and a cessation in sperm production.
· The pituitary can fail to produce enough lutenizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) to stimulate the testes and testosterone/sperm production.  LH and FSH are intermediates in the hormonal pathway responsible for testosterone and sperm production.
· The testes’ Leydig cells may not produce testosterone in response to LH stimulation.
· A male may produce other hormones and chemical compounds which interfere with the sex-hormone balance.

 

 

3 people found this helpful
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