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Infertility Tips

Male Infertility - An Emotional Journey Towards Fatherhood!

Dr.Richa Sharma 93% (239ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, FNB Reproductive Medicine, MRCOG
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Male Infertility - An Emotional Journey Towards Fatherhood!

Male infertility - an emotional journey towards fatherhood!

When a male is forced to contend with male factor infertility, he is facing an emotional journey. A man often associates his sense of masculinity with the ability to conceive a child. Some men find that low sperm count or poor sperm quality makes them feel stressed and shattered!

Key points about male factor infertility

  • Male infertility means a man is not able to start a pregnancy with his female partner.
  • Male infertility can have many causes. You may not make enough sperm or healthy sperm. You may have a genetic problem like cystic fibrosis. You may have a blockage in your genital tract.
  • You may be more likely to have male infertility if you have had genital infections, injury to your testicles, or early or late puberty.

Treatment depends on what is causing your infertility. Treatments include artificial insemination, medicines, and surgery.

Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your health care provider:

  • Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.
  • Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.
  • At the visit, write down the names of new medicines, treatments, or tests, and any new instructions your provider gives you.
  • If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit.
  • Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions.
5 people found this helpful

Embryo Freezing And Cryo Preservation - Know More About It!

Dr.Sameer Pahlajani 88% (27ratings)
MBBS
IVF Specialist, Raipur
Embryo Freezing And Cryo Preservation - Know More About It!

Cryopreservation is usually performed as a component of in vitro fertilization, which also tends to include ovarian hyperstimulation, retrieval of egg and embryo transfer. With the frozen embryos available, a woman need not undergo stimulation through fertility drugs for having an embryo transfer during a cycle of an infertility treatment. When sperm gets collected during microsurgery or through other means and being frozen for a subsequent cycle of IVF, additional surgery might well be avoided.

Embryo Cryopreservation

At the time of standard manner of treatment for infertility, hormones get used to stimulate the development of multiple eggs. Then, after those eggs are retrieved and fertilized in the laboratory, more embryos might be created than those, which could be transferred quite reasonably to the uterus of a woman. Now, when such extra embryos are of sufficiently good quality, they might get cryopreserved or in simple language, frozen, so that they could get transferred at some future date. Approximately in 25% of IVF cycles, embryo cryopreservation becomes possible, which in turn provides the opportunity to have an extra embryo transferred, without going through the inconvenience and bearing the expense of a full cycle of IVF.

Embryos may get frozen on Day 2 / Day 3 / Day 5 stage. We can freeze the embryos at the age of 40yrs also. One thing should be noted that not all embryos are right candidates for cryopreservation. Unfortunate thing is that some embryos could well get damaged by cryopreservation and certain experiences have even show that high quality embryos are more likely to suvive and become capable of getting developed further after freezing, than other types of embryos. Embryos, which divide slowly or are somehow irregular in other ways, do not perform well after cryopreservation, hence do not get frozen. These problems generally tend to arise among older women, so cryopreservation is normally not a recommended option for patients around the age 40 and older.

Once the embryos are placed in a cryoprotectant solution, they are made to freeze in a computer-controlled device, which is specifically designed for embryo cryopreservation. Embryo storage for a long-term basis takes place in liquid nitrogen at a temperature of -320 degree Fahrenheit.

Embryos that are cryopressed, get replaced either during a natural menstrual cycle or in case of a hormonally controlled cycle. Reasonable amount of care is taken to minimize the possibility of damage caused as a result of cryopreservation. Now, depending upon the stage of embryo during the time of freezing, around 60 and 90% survive this process of freezing. The rate of pregnancy after those embryos get transferred is quite similar to that of those, when embryos are fresh.

Extended amount of storage in liquid nitrogen does not have any effect on an apparent basis on their viability. The embryos which get frozen after numerous years of cryostorage perform equally well as those which are frozen for only a couple of months.

Since the year of 1983, the procedure of cryopreservation has lead to the birth of thousands of babies on a worldwide basis. Though this has been used on an extensive basis, yet there have not been any report of any kinds of increase in birth defects due to cryopreservation.

6452 people found this helpful

Infertility - A Social Stigma!

Dr.Sameer Pahlajani 88% (27ratings)
MBBS
IVF Specialist, Raipur
Infertility - A Social Stigma!

Infertility is a condition that can be caused due to a variety of reasons, for both males as well as females. Yet, it also comes with plenty of emotional baggage because there is a great deal of social stigma attached to childless parents, especially in the developing countries like India, where we still hold on to traditional thinking which does not really justify modern day realities.

Understanding Infertility in the Developing World: As per medical science, infertility is defined as a problem that is faced by couples who do not manage to conceive even after a year of trying without any birth control measures. In countries like ours, there is a great social stigma that is attached to being childless. As per many studies by the World Health Organization (WHO), about 15% of couples the world over are affected by infertility. Also, such cases go undetected because there is a great social stigma attached to the same. Further, there may be underlying conditions like Tuberculosis which may have been undiagnosed because people do not like to talk to doctors about the symptoms. The main problem in countries like India and others areas is that people do not open up about such problems and they consider doctors and other medical practitioners as strangers.

Still in the Dark Ages: Even though we have made the transition from an agricultural country where we would pray to the elements and wait for signs for all our everyday activities from harvesting to childbirth, to an industrial country we are still in the dark ages as far as our social setup goes. There are many educated and well-heeled families where being childless is considered as an issue. And many people tend to go to astrologers and temples to change their fate, where a simple visit to a doctor and procedures like IVF, or adoption as the last resort, can also work out.

Infertility Stigma for Males and Females: For an infertile couple, the problem may stem from the male, or the female or both partners. There are still many social stigmas that are attached to this and many people in countries like India tend to call the woman barren, if she is unable to bear a child. In many cases, the male partner does not even go in for a check up as it is not even considered as an option that the problem might lie with him. Male erectile dysfunction, ejaculation problems, and general infertility can cause a range of issues for the couple when it comes to conception. So it is imperative to have the same checked by the doctor so that a sperm test can also be conducted and the treatment can carry on accordingly with the help of IUI or In-vitro fertilization (IVF). If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

6676 people found this helpful

Infertility Vs Subfertility!

Dr.Richa Sharma 93% (239ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, FNB Reproductive Medicine, MRCOG
IVF Specialist, Gurgaon
Infertility Vs Subfertility!

Infertility vs subfertility!

What is difference between infertility and subfertility and what are the deciding factors?

A common query all patients with fertility issues have. True infertility is when there is any of below mentioned conditions -

1. Blocked tubes/absent tubes

2. Absent follicles/eggs (menopause or premature ovarian failure-pof)

3. Absent uterus (agenesis)

4. Absent sperms (azoospermia)

In these situations, successful conception can occur only with refined art techniques and even with third party reproduction

Subfertility- 

When absolute conditions excluded as mentioned above and where there is chance (even small) of conception even without assistance

Diagnostic work up will unviel the problem and fertility specialist can help couple guide through and to the best what fits the situation.

Infertility - A Social Stigma!

Dr.Sameer Pahlajani 88% (27ratings)
MBBS
IVF Specialist, Raipur
Infertility - A Social Stigma!

Infertility is a condition that can be caused due to a variety of reasons, for both males as well as females. Yet, it also comes with plenty of emotional baggage because there is a great deal of social stigma attached to childless parents, especially in the developing countries like India, where we still hold on to traditional thinking which does not really justify modern-day realities.

Understanding Infertility in the Developing World: As per medical science, infertility is defined as a problem that is faced by couples who do not manage to conceive even after a year of trying without any birth control measures. In countries like ours, there is a great social stigma that is attached to being childless. As per many studies by the World Health Organization (WHO), about 15% of couples the world over are affected by infertility. Also, such cases go undetected because there is a great social stigma attached to the same. Further, there may be underlying conditions like Tuberculosis which may have been undiagnosed because people do not like to talk to doctors about the symptoms. The main problem in countries like India, and others areas is that people do not open up about such problems and they consider doctors and other medical practitioners as strangers.

Still in the Dark Ages: Even though we have made the transition from an agricultural country where we would pray to the elements and wait for signs for all our everyday activities from harvesting to childbirth, to an industrial country we are still in the dark ages as far as our social setup goes. There are many educated and well-heeled families where being childless is considered as an issue. And many people tend to go to astrologers and temples to change their fate, where a simple visit to a doctor and procedures like IVF, or adoption as the last resort, can also work out.

Infertility Stigma for Males and Females: For an infertile couple, the problem may stem from the male, or the female or both partners. There are still many social stigmas that are attached to this and many people in countries like India tend to call the woman barren, if she is unable to bear a child. In many cases, the male partner does not even go in for a check up as it is not even considered as an option that the problem might lie with him. Male erectile dysfunction, ejaculation problems, and general infertility can cause a range of issues for the couple when it comes to conception. So it is imperative to have the same checked by the doctor so that a sperm test can also be conducted and the treatment can carry on accordingly with the help of IUI or In-vitro fertilization (IVF). If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

6542 people found this helpful

Infertility In Male And Female - Homeopathic Treatment At Rescue!

Dr.Rizwan Khan 89% (158ratings)
BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Gwalior
Infertility In Male And Female - Homeopathic Treatment At Rescue!

If you are looking for an effective treatment procedure for infertility, you should consider homeopathy. Infertility refers to the inability to conceive after having sex. The biological inability of a man or a woman to conceive and have a full term pregnancy can also be referred to as infertility. Homeopathy is the most natural cure for infertility and there are several types of homeopathic medicines which treat infertility in both men and women.

Homeopathic Medicines for Infertility in Men-

The top homeopathic medicines used for treating infertility in men are as follows:

1. Homeopathic medicines for infertility in men with erectile dysfunction-
Agnus Castus is used when a man’s sexual desire and physical ability are reduced. The genitals stay relaxed, cold and flaccid. Caladium is used when infertility or impotency results because of mental depression. The genitals stay relaxed and weak erections are likely. Selenium is used for erectile dysfunction featured by slow and weak erections. Involuntary semen discharge may also be indicated as a symptom.

2. Homeopathic medicines for infertility in men with low sperm count-
The homeopathic medicine X-Ray is very effective in treating low sperm count in men. Sperm count gets increased, enhancing both the quantity and quality of sperm.

3. Homeopathic medicines for infertility in men with orchitis-
Conium is used for treating infertility in men, which occurs due to orchitis. The testicles get swollen, enlarged and hardened. Conium also helps patients with a history of suppressed sexual desire.

Homeopathic Medicines For Infertility In Women

The top homeopathic medicines for treating infertility in women are as follows:

1. Homeopathic medicines for infertility because of acid vaginal charges- 
Borax and Natrum Phos are effective homeopathic medicines used for treating infertility in women, which occurs because of acid vaginal charges. These medicines are prescribed when the vaginal discharges are destructive, acrid and sperm-killing in nature. Borax is used when the discharge is like egg white, copious and warm. Natrum Phos is used in the case of acrid, creamy and honey-colored discharge.

2. Homeopathic medicines for infertility because of prolonged and profuse periods -
Calcarea Carb and Aletris Farionosa are ideal homeopathic medicines which are used in case of prolonged and profuse menstrual periods, and in the case of periods appearing before the usual time. Experiencing early menses is likely. The patient may experience anemia, leucorrhea, fatigue, tiredness and weakness along with menorrhagia.

Homeopathic treatment does not utilize the use of any kind of chemicals, and hence there are no side effects on the body. You should consult a homeopathic practitioner before starting to take homeopathic medicines for infertility.

1750 people found this helpful

Infertility - How Homeopathy Can Help In Overcoming It?

Dr.Dattatray Chopade Patil 88% (23ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopathy Doctor, Kolhapur
Infertility - How Homeopathy Can Help In Overcoming It?

Nothing in the world can be more precious and valuable than holding and cuddling your baby for the first time. For most, pregnancy and parenthood gives a new dimension to their lives. It completes their family. People wait with bated breath for the beautiful phase to unfold. However, of late, infertility has been on the rise. As per a survey, 1 in every 1000, suffers from infertility issues. Infertility in males, as well as females, can be triggered by factors such as stress (personal or professional), unhealthy and sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy food habits, obesity, medical complications.

Medical assistance and treatments are available, but some of the treatments are way too expensive or have harmful and undesirable side effects. In this regard, homeopathy comes as a much-needed blessing. It is natural and has negligible or no side effects. Furthermore, most of the homeopathic medications are affordable, leaving you with only a small pinch in the pocket.

The first step in homeopathic treatment is identifying the root cause of infertility. In males, infertility can be due to

  1. Erectile dysfunction.
  2. Low semen count.
  3. Sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhea and chlamydia.
  4. Small testes or testicular injury.
  5. Abnormal or premature ejaculation.
  6. Obstruction in Vas deferens (Ejaculatory duct).
  7. Varicocele, Prostatitis.

Female infertility may be due to

  1. Thyroid problems.
  2. PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), Endometriosis.
  3. Hormonal imbalance and irregular periods.
  4. Uterine fibroid.
  5. STD's like gonorrhea and chlamydia.
  6. Blocked fallopian tube.
  7. Uterine (cervix) abnormality.

Certain lifestyle habits and environmental factors also contribute towards male and female infertility.

Homeopathy to treat male infertility:

Some of the homeopathic medicines work wonders to improve male infertility.

  1. Caladium Seguinum: Erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation can be effectively treated with Caladium Seguinum (American Arum). In some men, erectile dysfunction results in pruritus (severe itching) in the genital organs. Caladium is the best bet to deal with pruritus.
  2. Agnus Castus (Chaste Tree): Agnus Castus is used to treat both male and female infertility. Men with erectile dysfunction, low libido, and low sperm count benefit immensely from this medicine. This medicine is a blessing for women with menstrual problems (irregular periods, heavy or scanty periods).
  3. Lycopodium Clavatum (Wolf's Foot): Men with serious erectile dysfunction (due to stress, anxiety) benefit from this medicine.
  4. Calcarea Carbonica: This medicine is helpful for men with a high libido but premature ejaculation.
  5. Conium: Conium is used to treat low libido and weak erections in men.

Homeopathy to treat female infertility:

  1. Pulsatilla: This homeopathic medicine comes as a relief for females who have infertility due to PCOD and irregular periods.
  2. Sepia: Infertility resulting from menstrual problems (scanty and short periods) can be successfully treated with Sepia. It is also helpful in the case of women with hypoactive sexual desire.
  3. Natrum Carb: This homeopathic medicine is used to treat women who are unable to retain the sperm.
  4. Aletris Farinosa: This medicine is used to treat infertility triggered by heavy periods.

Though effective, these medicines should not be used without medical prescription and recommendation. Self-medication will do more harm than good.

3916 people found this helpful

Hysterolaparoscopy & Infertility - How Can Former Help The Latter?

Dr.Harshini.V 89% (16ratings)
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Diploma in Advanced Gynaec Laparoscopic Surgery
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Hysterolaparoscopy & Infertility - How Can Former Help The Latter?

Infertility is an emerging health concern today. According to the Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction, around 10-15% of Indian women are affected by infertility. The rate goes up in urban areas where every one in six women is diagnosed infertile. Around 27 million couples in India require assistance to reproduce.

What is hysterolaparoscopy?

This is an endoscopic procedure, where small telescope is introduced in abdominal cavity. Reproductive organs like uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, pouch of douglas are examined under magnified view. It can be diagnostic or operative scopy in case of any pathologies. Tubal patency can be confirmed using methylene blue dye (diluted one).

Just one session can clear questions relating to tubal patency, ovarian morphology, uterine abnormalities and undetected pelvic pathology. Moreover, other procedures like hysteroscopy guided tubal cannulation, lateral or fundal metroplasty, biopsy, polypectomy, adhesiolysis, septal resection and myomectomy can all be performed in the same sitting.

Which infertility patients benefit from Hystero laparoscopy?

Common indications-

  • Fibroids

  • Endometriosis

  • Unilateral or bilateral tubal block

  • Hydrosalpinx/ pyosalpinx

  • Pelvic inflammatory diseases

  • Septate uterus

  • Asherman's syndrome

  • T shaped cavity

Hysterolaparoscopy is an efficient way to optimize fertility. It is usually done when simple treatment modalities fails to achieve pregnancy or when SSG (Sono salpingo graphy)/HSG(hystero salpingo graphy) suggests tubal block or for other associated pathologies listed above or in cases of unexplained infertility.

Hysteroscopy deals with pathologies in the uterine cavity, so that plays a vital role for women going for IVF, especially those with recurrent miscarriages, thin endometrium, h/o recurrent implantation failures, submucous myomas. Cases with Asherman's Syndrome or big submucous myomas may need second look hysteroscopy. This is a daycare procedure, whereas Laparoscopy needs at least 24-hour hospital stay. The procedure requires advanced equipments & skilled surgeon. It offers speedy recovery and minimum number of stitches on the abdomen. All this has made hysterolaparoscopy, an important tool in the evaluation of infertility.

1974 people found this helpful

Infertility - Why It Is Not Right To Blame Women For It?

Dr.K S Anamika 91% (345ratings)
Advanced Infertility, MIS TRAINING, FICMCH, PGDS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Masters in Reproductive Medicine(UK)
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Infertility -  Why It Is Not Right To Blame Women For It?

Infertility is a medical condition in which the patient fails to conceive after one year of having unprotected sex. It is advisable that women who are above 35 years of age and often experience irregular menstrual cycles should consult a doctor on being unable to conceive within six months.

Is infertility a common issue?
Infertility has become a common problem for the new age women. Sedentary lifestyle and stress are believed to hamper the fertility of women nowadays. According to a report, about 6 percent of women in US in the age group 15-44 years are infertile.

Infertility: It’s not just a woman’s problem
Infertility is not an issue with only women. Both, men and women can be infertile or are responsible for the condition. The process of reproduction requires mutual co-operation from both sexes. Therefore, they can together contribute towards infertility as well. It is wrong to blame the woman only. According to the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth data, it has been found that about 7.5 % men in the age group of 18-45 years (who have has sexual exposure) visited infertility clinics at least once in their lifetime. Of these men, about 18% were affected by male-related infertility issues.

Infertility in men: Men can suffer from infertility due to various factors. Infertility can be detected by analysis of the semen. A doctor can evaluate the concentration of the semen or determine the sperm count, the mobility of the sperm and its shape or morphology. These are important for fertility. Semen analysis can be hampered due to the following conditions:

1. Varioceles - The veins on the man’s testicles are unnaturally large and leads to overheating of the sperms
2. Diseases like diabetes, cystic fibrosis, trauma and infection.
3. Unhealthy lifestyle
4. Environmental toxins

Infertility in women: Women must have proper functioning of the reproductive organs to become fertile. The fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus must be physically and physiologically fit for getting pregnant. A woman may get infertile due to following reasons:

1. Irregular periods that suggests the woman is not ovulating properly.
2. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
3. Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) or excessive physical or emotional stress causing missed periods
4. Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) or inability of the ovary to produce sufficient eggs
5. Premature ovarian insufficiency: The ovary stops functioning properly before 40 years of age
6. Blocked, swollen or open fallopian tubes
7. Menopause

1497 people found this helpful

What Triggers Infertility?

Dr.Kapil Arora 88% (776ratings)
BHMS
Sexologist, Kota
What Triggers Infertility?

The inability to conceive for a prolonged duration after trying to do so is usually termed as infertility. This is usually diagnosed when a couple is unable to conceive even after trying regularly, without any kind of contraceptives. There may be many causes and factors for this and it may occur in either or both partners. So, you all need to know the causes and treatment of infertility. 

1. Age - Age is a major factor that can lead to infertility for either partner. Usually, the trend now is to delay having a baby until a woman is in her thirties or even forties, in some cases. This has an adverse effect, particularly on the age of the maternal egg which may or may not be effective as far as fertilisation goes. With the advancement of age, one loses the guarantee of genetic normalcy of the egg as well.

2. Disorders in ovulation in females - Ovulation is an essential function that helps in releasing the egg that needs to be fertilised when it comes together with the sperm at the time of ovulation. This usually occurs at a certain time every month. But disorders like PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome can lead to an inability on the part of the ovaries to release these eggs. The treatment for this includes medication that will help in maintaining more regular cycles for the release of eggs.

3. The male factor causing Infertility - In many cases, it has been seen that anomalies in the semen analysis reveal problems of infertility with males as of low sperm count, low motility of sperm, low quantity of alive and active sperm when it comes to natural conception. In such cases, a sexologist can prescribe you medicines that will increase the semen production for better quantity and quality of the sperm. The doctor can also ask the patient to go through a number of lifestyle changes too includes abstinence from smoking and excessive drinking, as well as the cultivation of a less stressful environment. Hormonal treatment or even surgery may also be required to help in some severe cases.

4. Endometrial Polyps - In such cases, the female partner may develop finger-like growths that can protrude in the form of tissue and come out of the uterine layer or the uterus. The removal of these polyps with the help of surgical procedures usually helps in such cases.

In many cases where mediation fails, the patients may have to go through IVF (In Vitro Fertilisation) or other such procedures to conceive a child with artificial methods. One must explore all options and find out the best one in terms of infertility causes that the couple may be facing. You will also need to ensure that you have a well trained and experienced sexologist doctor who can help you with the process and guide you completely about the cause of the problem and prescribe you best treatment to manage infertility at the right point of time.

2395 people found this helpful
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