Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Last Updated: Aug 31, 2019

Infertility in Women: Treatment, Cost and Side Effects

What is infertility in women? What are the signs of infertility in a woman? What are the main causes of infertility in females? What are the different types of female infertility tests? What is the best treatment for infertility? What are the home remedies for infertility in women?

What is infertility in women?

Infertility is a condition which prevents the conception of the baby. In other words, when a lady is unable to conceive after trying for over a year is known as infertility. One out of every 6 couples suffer from the problems of infertility. When the cause occurs within the female body, then it is referred as female infertility.

What are the signs of infertility in a woman?

There are many signs of infertility in a woman. Few of them are mentioned below:


Obesity not only brings trouble to your body but also negatively affect your reproductive health. Being overweight is a serious concern if you are unable to conceive after giving a lot of try for over months.

Irregular menstruation:

If a female is having a record of irregular menstruation cycles including missing periods, then there is a chance of infertility. Because irregular cycle means that a woman is not ovulating regularly. Therefore, it is advised to immediately visit a doctor and get the treatment done.

Hormonal changes:

If a woman is facing frequent hormonal changes, then it could be a serious problem in terms of infertility. Hormonal changes include:

  • Weight gain
  • Acne
  • Facial hair growth in women
  • Nipple discharge
  • Cold feet and hands
  • Lack of sexual desire

Dark colour menstrual blood:

During menstruation, if the colour of the blood is dark or pale than usual, this might be a sign of problems. If you also suffer any other kind of symptoms, you must go and visit the doctor soon.

Heavy and painful periods:

Women who face extremely painful and heavy periods might suffer from endometriosis. The symptoms of endometriosis includes:

  • Fatigue
  • Back Pain
  • Pain during sex
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Bowel problems

It is to be mentioned that one of the reasons of infertility is endometriosis, Therefore, if a woman is suffering from above such problems, it is advised to see a doctor immediately.

Painful intercourse:

Many women go through painful intercourse which is also known as dyspareunia. This problem may also lead to infertility in women. You must immediately go and visit a gynecologist near you in such condition.

What are the main causes of infertility in females?

The main causes of infertility in females are described below:

  • Hormonal imbalance:

    The hormonal changes in your body may obstruct you from getting pregnant. Due to the imbalance, the eggs from the ovary could not be released which ultimately leads to infertility.

  • Cervical problems:

    Sometimes the sperm are unable to pass the cervical canal due to some conditions faced by a woman.

  • Damaged Fallopian tubes:

    The eggs from the ovaries are carried to the uterus (where the baby develops) by the Fallopian tube. Sometimes, this tube can get damaged due to pelvic infection, pelvic surgery or endometriosis. Damaged Fallopian tube could also stop sperm reaching the eggs.

The other problems which can give rise to infertility are eating disorders like bulimia and anorexia, tumor, excessive consumption of alcohol, thyroid problems, obesity, stress, depression and many others.

What are the different types of female infertility tests?

  • Laparoscopy:

    It is a process in which a doctor puts a laparoscope inside your body to view the outside of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Laparoscope is a slender tube with a very small camera on the top of it which let the doctor to view your internal organs. Using this tube, the doctors are able to check the abnormal growth.

  • Hysterosalpingography (HSG):

    In this process, a medical professional will inject a dye or a saline and air into your cervix, which will travel through the fallopian tubes. Using this process, the doctor will be able to check if the tubes are blocked. This process also involves X-rays and ultrasound.

What is the best treatment for infertility?

  • Laparoscopy:

    You may undergo laparoscopic surgery if you have been diagnosed with pelvic disease. It is a type of surgery in which a surgeon makes a small incision on your skin and passes a small tube inside the abdomen with a video camera attached to it at the top to look inside. It is a complex surgery which may lead to some complications.

  • Medication:

    If you are suffering from ovulation problems, your doctor will prescribe you some drugs such as clomiphene citrate, gonadotropins or letrozole.

  • Hysteroscopy:

    The doctor places a hysteroscope to your uterus through your cervix which helps in removing polyps and fibroid tumors and open up blocked tubes.

What are the home remedies for infertility in women?

  • Acupuncture:

    The process involves insertion of small and very thin needles into various points of the body. It helps in stimulating the body’s energy flow.

  • Yoga:

    Yoga is the best way to treat any kind of problems. It helps in maintaining the breathing techniques and promotes relaxation. By performing yoga on a regular basis, you will see a decrease in your stress level which is one of the reasons of infertility. Yoga also keeps your body postures perfect and can keep you away from lots of health problems.

  • Green Tea:

    According to a recent research, the antioxidant compounds found in green tea promotes fertility as it improves sperm count and motality.

  • Vitamins:

    There are many vitamins and minerals which are helpful in promoting fertility. Some of them are vitamin C, E, folate, iron, zinc and many others. Your doctor might suggest you some supplements too which helps in promoting good health.

  • Exercise regularly:

    The lethargic lifestyle is one of the main reasons for infertility. It is advised to take out one hour daily from your busy life schedule and perform exercises which will not only help you to get active but will also lessen the chances of infertility.

  • Relax yourself:

    As soon as your stress level increases, the chances for you to get pregnant decreases. This is because the stress level plays a vital role in a woman’s life to get pregnant. The doctors suggest to give time to yourself and relax your body as much as you can. In this busy life schedule, where everyone is suffering from work pressure, anxiety, stress, the chances of becoming pregnant are getting less.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi doctor. My wife went for follicular study, she took letrozole tablet from 2nd day. On her 10th day she has 6 mm on her right ovary, and on her 12th day also the same 6 mm. On her 14th day she has 8 mm, is this normal? Doctor asked to come on her 16th day. Her periods are also regular, we had all tests. All were normal. Does the follicular size increase day by day?

Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine & ART
IVF Specialist, Bangalore
Happy afternoon sir a good growing follicle grows at a rate of 1.5 -2 mm per day, hence follicular monitoring is necessary to track the growth of the follicle, if by day 16th none of the follicles are more than 10 mm, then will have to cancel the ...
1 person found this helpful

Mere dono tube block hai. Kya main lodhra poder le sakti hu? Or ise lene ka trika kya hai? Or kya karna chahiye mujhe tube open karne ke liye?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, FNB Reproductive Medicine, MRCOG
IVF Specialist, Gurgaon
Hi apko pehle apna aur pati ka kuch test karana hoga jisme ande aur sukhrano ka janch hoga .wo dekhne ke baad decide kia jata hai ki tubes kholne ka koi point hai ya nahi kyonki apki age bhi 30 cross kar chuki hai.

I am taking susten 200 starts on 20 nov. When we take last susten of this cycle ?when we check pregnancy ?dr. Prescribed me susten 200 on 21th day of period. Please suggest.

MBBS, DGO - Gynaecologist & Obstetrician, Diploma in Advanced Gynaec Laparoscopic Surgery
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Usually we should take susten sr 300 mg as sustained release for oral use from day 18 for 10 days only. Stop it after 10 days. Wait for 5 days to do urine pregnancy test or serum beta hcg blood test. Goodluck.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, Doctor advised me letrozole for 5 days. After that I took hmg75iu injection. But I took this injection at 9 pm. Is late taking the injection may cause any problems.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DGO
IVF Specialist, Mumbai
Please note you need to keep your injection time fix , so if you are taking at 9pm then everyday take at the same timing. And you should do follicular monitoring while taking these injections
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Infertility In India - Its Prevalence And When To Seek Help!

MD Gynaecology
IVF Specialist, Kolkata
Infertility In India - Its Prevalence And When To Seek Help!
Nothing is more rewarding than holding your child for the first time. While most people dream about the day they get to hold their own children, some people are unable to have an offspring. Infertility in men and women can leave a couple without c...
4225 people found this helpful

Know More About Causes Of Infertility In Women!

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
IVF Specialist, Jaipur
Know More About Causes Of Infertility In Women!
Infertility refers to the inability to conceive or not being capable to get pregnant subsequently one year or six months of trying. Women may be infertile and still able to conceive but are incapable to stay pregnant or carry the pregnancy due to ...
3284 people found this helpful

Effect Of Environmental Pollution On Fertility!

MD Gynaecology
IVF Specialist, Kolkata
Effect Of Environmental Pollution On Fertility!
A recent study claims that environmental pollution may be a leading cause of infertility in many couples. In the Environmental Health Perspective journal, researchers stated that exposure to environmental pollutants like PCBs (perchlorinated biphe...
3946 people found this helpful

Low Ovarian Reserves - Its Causes, Diagnosis And Treatment!

IVF Specialist, Raipur
Low Ovarian Reserves - Its Causes, Diagnosis And Treatment!
The ovarian reserves in any women mean the quality of reproduction of the eggs in the women. However, low ovarian reserves indicate that there are factors due to which the quality of ovaries to reproduce is diminishing and causing infertility in w...
3185 people found this helpful

IVF - What Makes It So Popular?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DGO, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Dip.Obstetrtics, FICOG
IVF Specialist, Delhi
IVF - What Makes It So Popular?
In vitro fertilization or IVF technology assists millions of infertile women and couples worldwide to have babies of their own. fertility problems can be of various types and origins can be congenital, acquired or accidental. However, they come as...
8 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
MBBS,Fellowship in Assisted Reproduction,DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
IVF Speciality
Play video
Infertile Patient - How Is The Investigation Done?
Hi, I am Dr. Shubhada Sanjiv Khandeparkar, Gynaecologist. In the last video, I discussed the causes of infertility. Now, today I am going to discuss the investigation in an infertile couple. I will be tattling the female partner today. Now, in the...
Play video
Infertility - Know The Reasons Behind It
Hi, I am Dr. Bandita Sinha, Gynaecologist. Today I will talk about infertility and the reason why infertility is on rising. Infertility is defined as when the couple tries for pregnancy for 1 year without protection and still not successful in get...
Play video
Hi, I am Dr. Shubhada Khadeparkar here. Today I am going to discuss about infertility. Infertility means a couple who is unable to conceive and after trying for at least one year of uninhabited intercourse now infertility today in India is a major...
Play video
Female Infertility
Hello, this is Rahul Manchanda. I am a part of Manchanda's endoscopic centre. And I am a gynaecology endoscopic surgeon. We do Minimal Invasive Surgery for women's diseases. This includes surgery for Infertility, for which I want to talk about tod...
Play video
Female Infertility
Hi, I am Dr. Pradnya Aptikar, Ayurveda, Arya Clinic, Thane. Today I will talk about female infertility. Vaise toh female infertility ke karan bahut hote hain. Lekin aaj kal jo karan dekhta hai vo hai low level of AMH. Toh hum pehle jankari lete ha...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice