Infertility is the term used to denote the condition in which a person is not able to become pregnant/impregnate. It is not a natural state of a healthy adult. There are many factors which cause infertility among adult humans. Some of the causes resulting to infertility can be treated by medical intervention.
Types of disease
Infertility can be divided into two categories. These are primary and secondary infertility.
Causes of disease
There are many causes which results to infertility. Antisperm antibodies (ASA) have been considered as a reason for infertility in around 10-30% of people who suffer from infertility. ASA results in the interference with sperms. It affects the mobility and transport of the sperms through the reproductive tract of the female. Some of the factors which result in the formation of ASA in women are infections, disturbance of the normal immunoregulatory mechanisms, etc. Men may develop ASA if there is a breakdown in the barrier between blood and testis, surgery, trauma, infections, etc.
Signs and symptoms
The signs of infertility among women are as follows:
Signs and symptoms of infertility among men are:
Infertility is often treated with the help of fertility medication. There are other ways of treating infertility as well. These include surgery and medical devices or even a combination of both. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is used when conservative medications fail to achieve pregnancy. In ART techniques IVF is the most commonly used form. ICSI technique is used when IVF technique does not yield results.
When both the partners are young and healthy and are not being able to conceive even after repeated attempts then the doctor may diagnose either one of the partners or both as infertile depending on the test results.
People suffering from infertility should consume more complex carbs, healthy unsaturated fats, proteins, whole milk, multivitamins, etc.