Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Last Updated: Jun 20, 2019
Change Language

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): Procedure, Risk, Cost and Success rate

What is IVF? What Causes of Infertility Can IVF Treat? What’s the IVF process? What are the side effects of IVF treatment? What are the Risk and Complication involved with IVF Treatment? How much does IVF treatment cost in India? How long does it take to get pregnant with IVF? What Are the Success Rates for IVF in India?

What is IVF?

IVF stands for In-Vitro Fertilization. It consists of a series of procedures that are used for the treatment of genetic or fertility problems while assisting the conception of a child. One of the most effective forms of assisted reproductive technology, IVF procedures can be conducted using a woman’s own eggs and her partner’s sperm. It can also be done by taking the eggs, sperm or embryos from a known or unknown donor.

There are some cases where a gestational carrier (a woman with an embryo implanted in the uterus) can be used. During IVF, mature eggs are retrieved from a woman’s ovaries and fertilized with the sperms in the lab. Once it has been fertilised, the egg or eggs are implanted back in the uterus. A cycle of IVF can take about 2 weeks.

What Causes of Infertility Can IVF Treat?

One may have to undergo an IVF treatment in the following conditions:

  • If a woman’s fallopian tubes are blocked or damaged
  • If ovulation is infrequent/absent, or there are few eggs available for fertilization
  • Loss of normal functions of the ovary before reaching the age of 40
  • Previous treatment of tubal ligation, where the fallopian pipes have been cut/blocked permanently. In this case, one can opt for IVF instead of tubal ligation reversal.
  • Poor mobility, abnormality in sperm size/shape, or below an average concentration of sperm of the male partner
  • If you have the conditions of endometriosis (uterine tissue will implant and grow outside the uterus) or uterine fibroids
  • Unexplained fertility or a genetic disorder

What’s the IVF process?

Pre IVF Procedure:

Before beginning the process of IVF, both the partners may have to go through certain pre-procedure screenings such as:

  • Ovarian reserve testing, for determining the quality and the quantity of the eggs. The concentration of estrogen, follicle stimulating hormone, as well as the antimullerian hormone in your blood, is checked by your doctor in the initial days of the menstrual cycle. These test results may help in predicting the response of your ovaries to fertility medications.
  • Analysis of the semen of the male partner
  • Screening for any infectious disease like HIV
  • A mock transfer of the embryo for determining the depth of the uterine cavity and the technique that may work best for you
  • An examination of the uterine cavity that may involve sonohysterography (fluid is injected in the uterus through the cervix and an ultrasound creates images of the uterine cavity) or hysteroscopy
  • Some serious question like the numbers of embryos that will be transferred, what needs to be done with the extra embryos, how to handle multiple pregnancies, and the complications that may occur with donor eggs and sperms or a gestational carrier have to be discussed.

During IVF Procedure:

IVF treatment involves the following steps:

  • Ovulation induction, where synthetic hormones stimulate the ovaries for producing multiple eggs. You have to be under several medications for a week or two before the eggs are ready for retrieval. Vaginal ultrasound or blood tests are examined by the doctor to determine it.
  • Egg retrieval, through a transvaginal ultrasound. In this process, an ultrasound probe is inserted in the vagina for the identification of follicles. A thin needle is guided through the ultrasound guide to reach the vagina for collecting the eggs. The laparoscopy method can also be used for the same.
  • Sperm retrieval through masturbation or testicular aspiration in case the partner’s sperm is being used.
  • The next step is fertilization either by insemination (sperm and eggs are incubated overnight) or Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), where a single sperm is injected directly in a mature egg.
  • Embryo transfer is next step performed at the doctor’s clinic. It takes place two to six days after the retrieval of the eggs.

Post IVF Procedure:

Once the embryo has been transferred, you can go back to your regular schedule. However, your ovaries may be enlarged for a few days, so it is advisable to avoid any vigorous activity that may cause discomfort.

What are the side effects of IVF treatment?

  • Passing of a small amount of clear/bloody fluid after the procedure, which is caused because the cervix is swabbed before the transfer of the embryo
  • Mild bloating
  • Cramping
  • Constipation
  • Breast tenderness because of the high levels of estrogen

In case you have a moderate or severe pain after the transferring of the embryo, consult your doctor who will evaluate your condition. Any indication of a complication like an infection pr ovarian torsion can be examined and treated.

What are the Risk and Complication involved with IVF Treatment?

An IVF procedure may bring along with it certain risks and complications like:

  • Multiple births if more than one embryo has been implanted in the uterus. Multiple foetuses can often lead to premature delivery or a low birth weight of the newborn.
  • The frequent injection of fertility drugs to induce ovulation may lead to ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, a condition where the ovaries become painful and swollen.
  • Using an aspirating needle for collecting eggs may lead to bleeding, damage or infection in the bowel, bladder or a blood vessel.
  • In some cases, there may be chances of an ectopic pregnancy. This is a condition where the fertilised egg will implant outside your uterus, generally in the fallopian tube. The egg would not be able to survive outside the uterus and the pregnancy will not be possible to be continued.
  • Miscarriage or birth defects
  • There may be a possible connection between some medications used in IVF and a specific type of ovarian tumor, though there have not been enough cases to support it.
  • The procedure of IVF can be physically, emotionally as well as financially draining, leading to stress.

How much does IVF treatment cost in India?

The average cost of an IVF treatment may vary from Rs. 10,000 – Rs. 70,000, depending on your condition.

How long does it take to get pregnant with IVF?

Make sure that you continue having the medications after the embryo transfer has been successfully completed. It is better to avoid travelling during this period. It is generally after 2 weeks after the embryo transfer that you have to go for a pregnancy test. It is important not to be stressed during this phase, but be optimistic and occupied. Also, the pregnancy test must be conducted by a doctor at the clinic and not by yourself at home. After the test results will be declared whether the procedure is successful or not.

What Are the Success Rates for IVF in India?

Success rate depends on multiple factors like age, time, and remaining factors comes into play. The success rate of IVF in India is in the range of 30-35% per embryo transfer.(Third party ref)

Popular Questions & Answers

My sister is pregnant through ivf treatment and the result is positive but today she goes through vaginal bleeding. Is it the sign of miscarriage or what?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Not definete sign of miscarriage, it means she needs to go back to her gynecologist for examination, reports and advise.
1 person found this helpful

I went for ivf treatment, doc prescribed pubergen 5000 once a week, but forgentenley I took twice a week, what will happen.

MBBS, Certified IVF Specialist, MS - Counselling and Psychotherapy, Certified embryologist
IVF Specialist, Chennai
Hai.. don't worry.. most of us give HCG support twice a week in cases of previous history of implantation failure or abortion.. Best wishes... Hope you succeed in your IVF.

Hi Sir, I have been advised supradyn, ovasafe and folvite to use for 2 months before icsi treatment. Is it safe to use these tablets, specially is ovasafe tablet required for this icsi treatment.

IVF Specialist, Surat
As you have a pcod with infertility. I also preferred to give ova safe and other medicine which are given to u.before icsi. As it improves your metabolic condition, hormonal imbalance and thus the quality of oocytes. So better you continue. If you...

What is cost of ivf with another sperm donor. If male partner having zero sperm count. What is success rate with ivf. How many cycle for successful ivf?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Success percentage would be reasonably high if cause is only zero sperm count. Infact instead of IVF even donor semen insemination can be tried. However never sure result. Cost changes from center to center

Popular Health Tips

Three Person IVF - Certain Questions That Need Answers!

MBBS
IVF Specialist, Raipur
Three Person IVF - Certain Questions That Need Answers!
Diseases which are caused by some sort of genetic mutations in the mitochondria, can be quite deadly. This is the reason why Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy, also known as Three-Person IVF is being seen as a much more desired option for those wo...
6288 people found this helpful

How Natural IVF Differs From Mini IVF?

MBBS
IVF Specialist, Raipur
How Natural IVF Differs From Mini IVF?
Suffering from the problem of infertility can be a heartbreaking as well as a very frustrating process but still with different kinds of IVF treatments available today, a lot of women can realize their dreams of having their own family. In Vitro F...
6520 people found this helpful

Different Techniques That Can Be Used For Egg Freezing!

MBBS
IVF Specialist, Raipur
Different Techniques That Can Be Used For Egg Freezing!
Egg Freezing, which is also known as mature oocyte cryopreservation, refers to the method through which reproductive potential is restored among women. Eggs get harvested from the ovaries, frozen and in an unfertilized manner and are stored for pu...
6728 people found this helpful

Importance Of IVF!

MBBS
IVF Specialist, Raipur
Importance Of IVF!
IVF treatment is important as it helps many patients who would be otherwise unable to conceive. There are many reasons why IVF treatment is necessary. They are as follows. It helps patients who are unable to conceive: Patients who are unable to co...
6492 people found this helpful

Endometrial Scratching and IVF - Can it Help You Get Pregnant?

MBBS
IVF Specialist, Raipur
Endometrial Scratching and IVF - Can it Help You Get Pregnant?
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a medical procedure followed for those women or couples suffering from infertility or for certain specific genetic problem. In the normal course, women or couples experience positive results within a few IVF cycles....
6062 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
MBBS,Fellowship in Assisted Reproduction,DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
IVF Speciality
Play video
Things You Should Know About IVF
Hi, I am Dr. Prerna Gupta, IVF Specialist, Dr Prerna Gupta MD AIIMS clinic, Delhi. Today I will talk about IVF consult ke baare mein. Aaj hum janenge ki jab hum IVF Dr ke pass jaate hain toh humein kya kya chizen le jaani chaiye. Kya kya reports h...
Play video
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Hello, I am Dr. Richika Sahay Shukla, I am specialized in IVF. In this, we do all kind of cycles, preferable we want to go with the self-eggs, means own eggs and own sperm of the couple. But what happens in many patients when IVF cycle doesn't suc...
Play video
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) And Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) - Know The Procedure
Hello, I am Dr. Chandrashekhar Sakolikar, IVF Specialist, Today I will talk about IVF and ICSI. Ye kya hota hai and kis patient mein kia jata hai. Agar fallopian tubes mein problem hai ya fir block hai ya fir uexplained infertility hai jinmein sab...
Play video
Process Of IVF
Hello friends! I am Dr. Riddhi Doshi. Today I am going to talk about the process of IVF. What is IVF? How does this process work? I am going to answer these questions in the most simple way possible. IVF actually means In-vitro fertilization that ...
Play video
Myths And Facts About IVF
Hi, I am Dr. Garima Sharma, Gynaecologist. Today I will talk about the myths and facts of IVF. I will cover certain topics. What exactly is the IVF? Who requires IVF? Are there any side-effects associated with it? What are the success rates? Is th...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice