The available eggs in the ovaries at a time are collectively called an ovarian reserve. Low reserve happens when the production of eggs reduces. This affects the chances of pregnancy. The general cause of low reserves can be aging ovaries. In such cases, the ovary may be healthy and functioning even if the reserve is low. Production of eggs lower as a woman ages. A woman starts with 250,00 to 500,000 eggs at puberty and ends up with 1000 eggs at menopause.
Low reserves are caused by
If a woman has low ovarian reserves, then she will be put on the either of the following protocols:
Have you and your partner decided to complete your family by having a baby? Are you unable to conceive even after trying really hard? You are not alone. There are many couples who are facing this problem. But there is nothing to worry about at all. Latest and advanced science is offering solutions for this problem. When none of them are working for you, you should try In Vitro Fertilization or IVF. During IVF treatment, men have as vital a role to play as women. A man needs to really support and care for his partner during this period.
Here is a guide for men for IVF treatment:
Get advice from experts as they can help you with tips to follow during the IVF treatment or when you are preparing yourself for the IVF treatment. You and your partner can do these things together and achieve better results.
IVF or In-vitro fertilization is an assisted reproductive technology, whereby the eggs of a woman who is unable to conceive naturally is collected and mixed with sperms for fertilization to take place. The resulting healthy embryo is then transferred into the female uterus to facilitate the implantation process followed by the pregnancy.
Before undergoing an IVF procedure, both the partners have to undergo few vital screenings and health check-ups, which would assist the doctor in having a better understanding of the fertility problem.
The Screening process before an IVF
The success of an IVF depends on many factors including the quality and quantity of the egg and sperm, or any defects in the female reproductive organs.
In extreme cases of no sperms, a doctor may opt for Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE) or Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA) to retrieve the sperm.
Some vital questions that every individual should ask before an IVF
Every individual or couple undergoing an IVF should be aware of the procedure:
One of the major milestones in a woman’s life is the entry into motherhood. For most women, when this does not happen in the natural logical sequence of things, there is anxiety and lot of pressure from family and friends.
However, with advancements now, there are options like intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilisation (IUI and IVF) available, which can help increase the chances of conception and pregnancy. IVF is where the egg is retrieved from the woman’s womb, fertilised externally and then transplanted back into the uterus where it grows to full term. However, there are always unanswered questions like how long to wait before going for IVF, is it the right procedure for me, etc.
Read on to know to find answers to some of these.
Once a couple decides to go through IVF, they prepare themselves and go through various steps to reach the final stage of embryo transfer into the uterus. Read on to know more about the journey of IVF culminating in embryo transfer. From there it is another journey through to pregnancy.
Factors you need to consider while making a decision
Many factors affect the success of an IVF cycle, but embryo quality may be the most important factor. The majority of all miscarriages, about 60 percent, are caused by abnormalities in the embryo. If you’re having IVF treatment, transferring the best quality embryos increases your chance of a successful pregnancy. Your fertility center’s embryologists play an important role in selecting which embryos to transfer to your uterus and which to freeze and store, so you have a second chance at IVF if you need it. The process of embryo grading may sound mysterious, and it does require a huge amount of training and skill, but it’s a normal part of every IVF cycle.
How Embryos Develop
In a natural pregnancy, sperm fertilizes an egg as it travels down the fallopian tube. The cells in the fertilized egg divide and grow into an embryo as it moves to the uterus, and it implants in the uterus to continue growing. In an IVF cycle, fertilization and embryo development takes place in the embryology lab. The eggs and sperm are combined, and the fertilized eggs begin the process of dividing and growing.
Embryos that have grown for three days in the lab are called cleavage stage embryos. Sometimes embryos are allowed to grow for five days before transfer and are called blastocysts. When the embryos are ready, a reproductive endocrinologist will transfer the best quality embryo(s) to your uterus. You will agree on the number to be transferred, usually no more than two embryos, before the procedure takes place. Then, if all goes well, one of the embryos will implant in your uterus and grow into a baby.
The embryologists monitor the embryos and, prior to choosing which ones to transfer at the cleavage or blastocyst stage, grade them to determine which ones have the best chance of being healthy and resulting in a successful pregnancy. Grading of embryos is a non-invasive method of selecting the best embryos for transfer. In addition, the embryologists look at the embryo growth rate as too fast or too slow can indicate the presence of chromosomal problems.
Embryo grading may be done at the cleavage stage or blastocyst stage. Embryo grading at the cleavage stage includes the number and appearance of the cells and the degree of fragmentation, which is the presence of small pieces of cellular material which have broken off during division of the cells.