What is constipation?
Constipation medically means less than three bowel movement per week but usually, the definition varies from person to person as some call passage of hard stool as constipation while another call infrequent, irregular passage of stool generally hard faeces and require straining but stool may be soft also on consistency with just infrequency.
Normal bowel movements in an adult may vary from three per day to three movements per week. In children, there maybe 3 to 4 bowel movements per day and as they grow, bowel movements may decrease and children may typically have 2 to 3 bowel movements per day.
Constipation may cause further issues like haemorrhoids (due to continuous straining), fissures (due to hard stool) etc.
Symptoms & causes -
Symptoms of constipation include:
Diagnosis & treatment
Infrequent, the irregular passage of stool usually accompanied by hard stool with bloating of the abdomen would diagnose constipation.
Treatment for constipation includes advising the patient to take a diet rich in fibres with lots of fluid along with exercises. Cases which are not better by dietary and lifestyle management need medication.
Many homeopathic medicines help in curing constipation despite the cause along with dietary management. Medicines like- sulphur, sepia, aloes, bryonia, nux vomica, graphites, pulsatilla, psorinum and many more are very efficient in treating constipation depending on the symptoms of the patient.
Do’s and don’ts