Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver which may often progress to dangerous complications. There are many types of hepatitis and each has its own particular set of causes, symptoms, mode of contraction and treatment procedures. Here are the main types of hepatitis as well as some of the factors which may cause hepatitis:
1. Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A virus infection causes this condition. The Hepatitis A virus comes from food or water contaminated with the faeces of someone contaminated with hepatitis A. This is not a chronic form of hepatitis.
2. Hepatitis B
This is a chronic form of hepatitis. It is spread through body fluid such as blood, saliva and semen. The possible causes of hepatitis B include injection drug use, having sex with an infected partner and sharing razors or other intimate articles with someone who is infected.
3. Hepatitis C
This is also a chronic form of hepatitis. The most common causes of hepatitis C are injection drug use or having sex.
4. Hepatitis D
This is not a chronic form of hepatitis and is also very uncommon. It is usually contracted along with hepatitis B. It is usually caused due to puncture wounds or contact with infected blood.
5. Hepatitis E
This is the most uncommon form of hepatitis. It is due to poor sanitation and ingesting faecal matter. It is usually found in developing countries.
This is the usual way of contracting hepatitis. The virus attacks the liver and causes inflammation leading to the breakdown of a number of body systems.
2. Alcohol and other toxins
Alcohol and certain prescribed medications cause the liver to swell and that is why this form of hepatitis is known as alcoholic hepatitis.
3. Autoimmune disease
This is the rarest cause of hepatitis. The immune system malfunctions and begins destroying its own tissues. It attacks the liver because it perceives the liver to be a foreign object.