Heart failure can involve the left side (left ventricle), right side (right ventricle) or both sides of your heart. Generally, heart failure begins with the left side, specifically the left ventricle — your heart's main pumping chamber.
Type of heart failure - Description
Left-sided heart failure - Fluid may back up in your lungs, causing shortness of breath.
Right-sided heart failure - Fluid may back up into your abdomen, legs, and feet, causing swelling.
Systolic heart failure - The left ventricle can't contract vigorously, indicating a pumping problem.
Diastolic heart failure (also called heart failure with preserved ejection fraction) - The left ventricle can't relax or fill fully, indicating a filling problem.
Any of the following conditions can damage or weaken your heart and can cause heart failure. Some of these can be present without your knowing it:
Other diseases - Chronic diseases — such as diabetes, HIV, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, or a buildup of iron (hemochromatosis) or protein (amyloidosis) —also may contribute to heart failure.
Causes of acute heart failure include viruses that attack the heart muscle, severe infections, allergic reactions, blood clots in the lungs, the use of certain medications or any illness that affects the whole body.
Heart failure can be ongoing (chronic), or your condition may start suddenly (acute).
Heart failure signs and symptoms may include:
Risk factors - A single risk factor may be enough to cause heart failure, but a combination of factors also increases your risk.
Risk factors include:
Complications - If you have heart failure, your outlook depends on the cause and the severity, your overall health, and other factors such as your age. Complications can include:
Homeopathy today is a rapidly growing system and is being practiced all over the world. Its strength lies in its evident effectiveness as it takes a holistic approach towards the sick individual through the promotion of inner balance at mental, emotional, spiritual and physical levels. When heart failure is concerned there are many effective medicines are available in homeopathy, but the selection depends upon the individuality of the patient, considering the mental and physical symptoms.
If you are concerned about your heart’s health, it is important for you to make some dietary modifications. Simple changes in your everyday diet may offer benefits, which help in preventing future heart problems. If you suffer from high blood pressure or high cholesterol or have atrial fibrillation.
Here are some tips regarding the best diet for protecting your heart:
You should also add whole grains to your diet. They are effective in controlling blood sugar and lower the chances of diabetes. Hence, the risks of heart diseases are less if you do not have diabetes. Whole grains also help with weight loss, which is beneficial for the heart.
The heart is a muscle that pumps blood to the body through a network of arteries and veins controlled by valves. A heart disease could mean a problem in any of these organs, heart per se, the blood vessels, or the valves. Like it or not, heart problem is a chronic condition. It starts without any notice, and for sure, it is not going to go away completely. What can be done, though, is to manage it beautifully and lives and enjoy life so that the heart disease is not stopping you.
When there is a person with the chronic condition, it is not just that person who is affected, but the near and dear ones as well. When heading out for a dinner or when planning a gathering, there would be certain things that need to be accounted for and considered to accommodate the needs of the affected person. These very soon become a way of life and can be done effortlessly.
While these may initially require some effort, with time, it would just happen naturally.
A sudden cardiac arrest is not same as a normal heart attack. While a heart attack refers to the blocking of blood flow to the heart, a sudden cardiac arrest refers to when the heart stops beating unexpectedly. Sudden cardiac arrests occur without warning and often this condition is triggered by electrical malfunctioning in the heart that causes arrhythmia. When the heart stops beating, blood cannot be pumped to the brain and other organs and the person loses consciousness. If a patient does not receive immediate treatment, this could be fatal. Hence it is important to know what first aid a person experiencing a sudden cardiac arrest requires.
Do not wait for someone else to help a person experiencing a sudden cardiac arrest. The first few moments after such an experience are critical and hence your decision to help is what could save the person’s life.
Call a Doctor
The first thing to do when you see someone experiencing a cardiac arrest is to call emergency and request an ambulance. If you do not have a phone available, ask someone else to do it.
After a cardiac arrest, it is essential to get the heart to start beating again as soon as possible. CPR or Cardiopulmonary resuscitation can save lives in this situation. If you are trained in this procedure, start with 30 chest compressions before checking the patient’s airway and performing rescue breathing. If you are not trained in CPR, ask the people around if anyone else is.
If no one around can perform CPR, start hands-only CPR. Make the person lie flat on their back and kneel next to their shoulders. Place the heel of one palm in the centre of the person’s chest with the other hand over it. Keep your elbows straight and position your elbows such that they are directly over your hands. Use your upper body weight to push down straight on the person’s chest and release. Try and achieve a rate of 100 compressions a minute. Continue until the person starts breathing again or medical help arrives.
Use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
If an AED is available, place the electrode pads on the person’s chest as shown in the diagrams that come along with the AED. Follow the visual and voice prompts. Do not worry if the AED shocks the patient as this electrical therapy can help restart the heart.
While you may be worried about being affected with coronary diseases just because your forefathers suffered from it, there are various factors that are absolutely in your sole control. With a little change in lifestyle and following a well-regulated routine, you can easily keep your hereditary cardiac diseases at bay.
These 10 easy ways will help you to prevent cardiac diseases; but you must consult a responsive cardiologist at the earliest.
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is a traditional and well established surgical procedure for treating diseases in the coronary artery. The process is carried out by using blood vessels alternately (vein or artery). Initially, CABG was performed by using the left internal mammary artery and saphenous vein. It was observed that the chance of occlusion in the vein grafts was much higher than the arterial grafts. In the last decade, total arterial grafting, which uses all the arterial conduits, is being practiced as CABG for better results.
Types of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Patients, who have been suffering since a long time and have been operated on the vein grafts, have a chance of re-developing certain artery diseases such as a heart attack. To counter this possibility, surgeons have started using the method of Total Artery CABG. In this procedure, the left and right internal mammary arteries are used from the chest and the radial artery, from the fore arm for the surgery.
The main advantages of this procedure are:
Aortic valve stenosis is a heart condition in which the valve to the biggest artery- the one which provides oxygen-rich blood to our body, called aorta, is narrowed. This prevents the valve from opening fully, obstructing the blood flow from your heart into your body.
When the aortic valve doesn’t open, your heart needs to work harder to pump blood to your body making the heart muscle weak. If left undiagnosed aortic stenosis is fatal.
These symptoms should spur you on to seek medical care right away:
Chest pain or tightness
Feeling faint with exertion
Fatigue after increased activity
Heart palpitations — rapid, fluttering heartbeat
The disorder doesn’t produce symptoms right away and is usually diagnosed during routine physical exams when your doctor listens to your heart with a stethoscope. He usually hears a heart murmur resulting from turbulent blood flow through the narrowed aortic valve.
There are other ways to diagnose aortic valve stenosis and gauge the severity of the problem, like:
Echocardiogram – This produces an image of your heart using sound. It is the primary test to diagnose a heart valve problem. Sound waves are directed at your heart here and these bounce off your heart and are processed electronically to provide images of your heart. This test helps your doctor check diagnose aortic valve stenosis and its severity plus chalk out a treatment plan.
Electrocardiogram (ECG) – In this test, patches with electrodes are attached to your chest to measure electrical impulses given out by your heart. These are then recorded as waves on a monitor and printed on paper. Though this can’t diagnose aortic stenosis directly, it can tell you that the left ventricle in your heart is thickened which normally happens due to aortic stenosis.
Chest X-ray – This allows the doctor to see the shape and size of your heart directly. If the left ventricle is thickened, it points to aortic stenosis. It also helps doctor check the lungs. Aortic stenosis leads to fluid and blood in the lungs, causing congestion.
Exercise Tests – Exercise is used to increase your heart rate and make your heart work harder. This test is done to see how your heart reacts to exertion.
Computerised Tomography (CT) Scan – This means a series of X-rays to create images of your heart and observes the heart valves. It is also used to measure the size of aorta and the aortic valve.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – This uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create images of your heart and valves.
Once aortic valve stenosis is confirmed, you may have to go in for monitoring or heart valve surgery according to your doctor’s advice.
Since blood is part of the cardiovascular system, and diabetes is a condition in which the level of glucose in the blood is higher than normal, then is certainly some relationship between the two.
Diabetes and cardiovascular system diseases has been recognized to be closely related to each other due to the so-called insulin resistance syndrome or metabolic syndrome. Some examples of the commonly diagnosed cardiovascular disease are coronary heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure and other heart conditions.
Diabetes is considered a major risk factor in cardiovascular diseases. Other factors that contribute to the possibility of acquiring cardiovascular diseases in diabetic patients include hypertension, smoking, and dyslipidemia.
1. Hypertension: Hypertension in diabetes is considered a major contributor to the increase in mortality from cardiovascular diseases. Diabetic patients, especially those with Type 2, need to always have their blood pressure checked every visit to the doctor. Self-monitoring at home is also a must to maintain and control the rise of blood pressure. The American Diabetes Association recommends a target blood pressure of not more than 130/85 mm Hg to maintain a good level of blood pressure.
2. Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis: Arteriosclerosis is the stiffening or hardening of the artery walls while Atherosclerosis is the narrowing of the artery because of plaque build-up. Atherosclerosis is a form of hardening of the blood vessels/arteries, caused by fatty deposits and local tissue reaction in the walls of the arteries. Diabetes is a documented high risk factor for the development of both Atherosclerosis &amp; Arteriosclerosis . Heart disease and stroke, arising mainly from the effects of atherosclerosis, account for 65 percent of deaths among diabetics.
3. Hyperglycemia: Hyperglycemia means high (hyper) glucose (gly) in the blood (emia). Your body needs glucose to properly function. Your cells rely on glucose for energy. Hyperglycemia is a defining characteristic of diabetes, when the blood glucose level is too high because the body isn't properly using or doesn't make the hormone insulin.
There is a growing recognition that diabetes belongs to a special category of risk factors because it markedly increases risk of CVD. This increase is partly the result of the pernicious effects of persistent hyperglycemia on the vasculature and partly due to the coexistence of other metabolic risk factors.
5. Smoking: Smoking has been determined dangerous to our health. Studies show that smoking indeed increase risk of premature death and cardiovascular disease in diabetic patients.
6. Atrial Fibrillation: Atrial Fibrillation means an irregular and rapid heart rate which can increase the risk of stroke, heart failure and other cardiac issues. Individuals with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation. This risk is higher among patients with a longer duration of treated diabetes and poorer glycemic control.
Individuals with insulin resistance or diabetes in combination with one or more of these risk factors are at even greater risk of heart disease or stroke. However, by managing their risk factors, patients with diabetes may avoid or delay the development of heart and blood vessel disease. Your health care provider will do periodic testing to assess whether you have developed any of these risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease.
Some people have a sore throat which they think will go away sooner rather than later. Well, while it may not seem serious, rheumatic heart disease means that it could potentially be! But, how exactly?
A sore throat usually comes about on account of bacteria affecting the region of the throat.
Sometimes what can happen is that the same bacteria can go all the way to the heart and damage the valves of it. This is very serious as the health of a person fundamentally depends on the health of his or her heart!
When a sore throat does not seem to be getting better even after about three days go by, the first thing which is to be done is to see a doctor. This is due to the fact that delays can result in the situation getting worse. As a result of this, treatment can get more complex. And who wishes to compound their own miseries, after all?
Children who are aged between five and fifteen years of age are at risk of rheumatic heart disease. Now, while it is true that children are likely to fall sick more often than adults as their immune systems may not be all that strong, a special eye is to be kept out for rheumatic heart disease. The general symptoms which a parent should look out for are a sore throat, a cough and a fever. The tough part is that these symptoms appear which a range of other conditions!
When it comes to knowing that rheumatic heart disease is what is affecting a person, a special blood test is taken and if there is a need, an ECG and some other measures confirm rheumatic heart disease. Penicillin is a wonder drug and it is used in the treatment of rheumatic heart disease, as well. It is the general form of treatment, in fact, and people with the disease are often put on a course of injections. This means that they need to have an injection every 28 days for a month so as to make sure that there is no further damage which can affect the valves of the heart. The importance of this cannot be impressed enough.
It is unfortunate that in many cases, people only discover that they have rheumatic heart disease once they reach adulthood. The valves of the heart may be leaking or significantly damaged by the time that the discovery is made. Is it not a lot better to save oneself from this sort of situation?
Day to day stress, poor lifestyle and lack of physical activity can lead to many problems including risk of heart problems. These top 10 cardiologist can help you in assessing the functioning of heart and help in a proper diagnosis and treatment of any cardiac problems, if any. A cardiologist can treat a number of diseases related to heart problems such as coronary artery disease, congenital heart defects, valvular heart disease, heart failure, hypertension, cardiomyopathy.
Below is the list of top 10 cardiologist in Mumbai:
MBBS, MD - Cardiology, DM
Consultation fees: ₹800 - 1000
Dr. Ramesh Kawar is a senior Interventional Cardiologist. He is currently associated with Bombay Hospital and Riddhi Vinayak Critical Care & Cardiac Centre. He has an experience of 18 years in this field and has undergone several fellowships in cardiology. His areas of interest are Percutaneous Coronary Angioplasty and Stent Implantation, Primary Angioplasty in Acute Myocardial Infarction, Acute Coronary Care, Clinical Cardiology and Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty via Radial Artery Route.
2. Dr. G Manoj
Masters in diabetes, Diploma in Cardiology
Consultation fees: ₹700
Dr. G Manoj is a reputed cardiologist & diabetologist in Mumbai and has 12 years of experience. He is currently affiliated with Asian Heart Institute and Good Health Super Speciality Clinic. He also holds the position of President of the Maharashtra Chapter of Indian Association of Clinical Cardiologists. His areas of interest are treating various cardiovascular conditions like abdominal aortic aneurysm, angina pectoris, arrhythmia, atherosclerosis, cardiomyopathy, heart failure and peripheral artery bypass.
DNB Cardiology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Consultation fees: ₹1200 - 2000
Dr. Priyank is currently practicing as Director, Cardiac Pacing & Electrophysiology at Fortis Hospital, Okhla. His areas of clinical interest are Electrophysiologic Study, Catheter RF Ablation of complex arrhythmias, 3D Mapping of Cardiac Arrhythmias with CARTO and Ensite, Implantation of Permanent Pacemakers, Implantation of ICD, Implantation of Biventricular pacemakers (CRT)
Implantation of CRT-D (Combo Device), Lead Extraction and Coronary Angiography. He is not only member of some reputed national and international organisations, but also recipetents of many awards.
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Consultation fees: ₹1000 - 1200
Dr. Chandrashekhar Munjewar has 13 years of experience and is a famous cardiologist in Mumbai. He is known for his clinical approach and intervention expertise.His areas of expertise are echocardiography, angiography, angioplasty, pacemaker. He currently practices at Sohum Health care centre, Parisoha Foundation, Shantiniketan hospital and S.L.Raheja Fortis Hospital.
MBBS, M.D - General Medicine , Diplomate of N.B - Cardiology , DM - Cardiology
Consultation fees: ₹1400 - 1500
Dr. Ameya Udyavar is a senior consultant cardiologist and cardiac electrophysiologist. He has 23 years of experience. He specializes in treatment of arrhythmias (heart beat problems) and device implants like pacemakers, ICD. He can be visited at P.D. Hinduja National Hospital and Fortis Hospital - Mulund.
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Consultation fees: ₹1000 - 1500
Dr. Zakia Khan is practicing from last 32 years as interventional cardiologist. She has an extensive experience of handling clinical, non-invasive, invasive cardiology, acute myocardial infarction, cardiac emergencies in paediatric and adult patients. Her specialization is transesophageal echocardiography. Dr. Khan is associated with Fortis Hospital, Mumbai.
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Consultation fees: ₹600 - 1500
Dr. Ravat is a senior cardiologist with 36 years of practice. He is currently working Fortis Heart Hospital as head of cardiology. He has performed more than 4000 angioplasty. While his primary interest lies in Coronary and Peripheral Angioplasty, his experience spans the entire spectrum of clinical and invasive cardiology, including expertise in simple and complex Coronary Angioplasty, Renal and Carotid Angioplasty and Pacemakers.
MBBS, DNB, DNB - Cardiology, Fellowship In Interventional Cardiology
Consultation fees: ₹1000
Dr Ruchit Shah has 14 years of experience as interventional cardiologist and specializes in coronary angiography, coronary angioplasty, Optical Coherence Tomography and invasive imaging techniques. He is associated with multiple hospitals and clinics in Mumbai. He has also been part of various clinical trials and has presented number of papers across India and internationally.
M.Ch - Cardio Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, MS- General Surgery
Dr. Sudheer has 42 years of practice in the field of Cardiac interventions and Electrophysiology. In so many years of his practice, he has performed thousands of angioplasties and has also handled some complex cases of angioplasties. He is considered to be a pioneer of using advanced technologies like bifurcation and left main angioplasties with Rota Ablation.
10. Dr. Rajiv Karnik
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Consultation fees: ₹560-1500
Dr. Rajiv Karnik is a brilliant academic student and had bagged a total of six gold medals in his MBBS, MD and DM and recipient of Rashtriya Ratna award . He was the first Cardiologist in the city of Bombay to implant ICD - Pacemaker device at Bombay Hospital. His special interest is in Coronary interventions, pacemaker & implantable defibrillator (ICD) device implantations, academic and clinical cardiology. He has more than 38 years of experience and is practicing at multiple hospitals in Mumbai.