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Gynaecological Cancer - Signs You Must Be Aware of!

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Arpana Jain 91% (796 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Delhi  •  29 years experience
Gynaecological Cancer - Signs You Must Be Aware of!

Gynecological cancer is any tumor that begins in a woman’s reproductive organs. Cancer is usually named after the part of the body where it begins. Gynecologic cancer starts in different areas within a woman’s pelvis, which is the territory beneath the stomach and in the middle of the hipbones. There are different types of gynecological cancers and these are as follows:

  • Cervical cancer starts in the cervix, which is the lower, narrower end of the uterus. The uterus is also called the womb.
  • Ovarian cancer starts in the ovaries, which are situated on each side of the uterus.
  • Uterine cancer starts in the uterus, the pear-shaped organ in a woman's pelvis where the child develops when a lady is pregnant.
  • Vaginal cancer starts in the vagina, which is the empty, tube-like channel between the base of the uterus and ends as the vaginal opening.
  • Vulvar cancer starts in the vulva, the external part of the female genital organs.

Signs and symptoms of the above-mentioned gynecologic cancers can be very vague; however, there are a few issues each lady needs to know about and look for. The following are some of the common symptoms of different gynecological cancer:

  1. Swollen leg (ordinarily happens in one leg and comes with pain or discharge)
  2. Irregular vaginal bleeding (particularly in a lady who has experienced menopause)
  3. Unexplained weight loss
  4. Consistent bladder weight or increased urination
  5. Loss of appetite, while always feeling full
  6. Pelvic or stomach pain
  7. Bloated stomach
  8. Consistent weakness
  9. Compelling, sudden onset bloating
  10. Trouble eating or feeling full rapidly
  11. Urinary indications (urge or recurrence)
  12. Vaginal draining or spotting after menopause
  13. New onset of heavy flow during periods or bleeding between two-period cycles
  14. A watery pink or white discharge from the vagina
  15. Two or more weeks of steady pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic region
  16. Pain during sex
  17. A red, pink or white bump that has a crude or wart-like surface
  18. A white area that feels unpleasant and rough
  19. Continuous itching
  20. Pain or a smoldering feeling while urinating
  21. Bleeding and discharge not connected with monthly cycle
  22. An open sore or ulcer that lasts over a month

A large portion of the symptoms connected with gynecologic cancers may occur due to other reasons every once in a while, which may make us ignore them. It is vital to be tuned into your body and pay consideration on any progressions. In case you see new side effects that are happening every day for more than a couple of weeks, this can be an indication of gynecological cancer. Try not to worry. Make sure to go for regular check-ups at your gynecologist. If you feel that the aforementioned symptoms are persistent, seek medical attention.

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