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Genetic Disorders During Pregnancy Tips

Schizophrenia: Can Genetics be the Reason Behind it?

DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Aurangabad
Schizophrenia: Can Genetics be the Reason Behind it?

Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder in which a person’s mood, knowledge, thought and several other characteristics gets disturbed. We can notice most of the adults and old people with few symptoms of schizophrenia, which are most commonly left unidentified. The exact cause of schizophrenia is not yet known. The person feels that they are being constantly watched, they feel the presence of someone or something, which is not actually there. They are always suspicious and think that other people are gossiping and thinking about them.
 

Possible causes of Schizophrenia:
Though the exact cause n there are few factors, which contribute to the cause of schizophrenia.
Genetic factors: People with a family history of schizophrenia are at higher risk of getting schizophrenia.
 

Environmental factors: Environmental factors include excessive stress during pregnancy or later stages of life. Several other factors during pregnancy and childhood are responsible for causing schizophrenia. These factors are:

  • Parental loss or separation in early stages of life
  • Parental exposure to virus or during infancy
  • Childhood physical or sexual abuse
  • Abnormal brain structures and brain chemistry
  • Decreased oxygen level during delivery due to premature birth or prolonged labour
  • Sings and symptoms of schizophrenia

Hallucination: To see, feel or hear anything that really does not exist is known as hallucination.
 

Delusion: A thought or belief of a person, which is either false or impossible in reality is known as delusion.
 

Thought and speech disturbances: The thought process and speech of a schizophrenic will be disorganized, due to which he or she  will fumble or is distracted as they are unable to align their thoughts.
 

Difficulty in concentrating: It is difficult for people suffering from schizophrenia to concentrate on the task at hand.
 

Erratic behaviour: People suffering from schizophrenia tend to behave erratically, either they will be too jumpy or will be perfectly still for hours at a stretch. Most people belief that those who are suffering from schizophrenia are often violent in nature, which actually is not the case.

Treatment for schizophrenia:
Schizophrenia can be treated, if identified at an early stage. It is best advised to consult a psychiatrist the moment you spot the symptoms. Anti psychotic drugs, self help behaviour change, counselling and rehabilitation are few treatment modalities available for schizophrenia.

3 people found this helpful

Schizophrenia: Can Genetics be the Reason Behind it?

Dr. Santanu Bora 93% (179 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Guwahati
Schizophrenia: Can Genetics be the Reason Behind it?

Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder in which a person’s mood, knowledge, thought and several other characteristics gets disturbed. We can notice most of the adults and old people with few symptoms of schizophrenia, which are most commonly left unidentified. The exact cause of schizophrenia is not yet known. The person feels that they are being constantly watched, they feel the presence of someone or something, which is not actually there. They are always suspicious and think that other people are gossiping and thinking about them.

Possible causes of Schizophrenia:
Though the exact cause of schizophrenia is not known there are few factors, which contribute to the cause of schizophrenia.

  1. Genetic factors: People with a family history of schizophrenia are at higher risk of getting schizophrenia.
  2. Environmental factors: Environmental factors include excessive stress during pregnancy or later stages of life. Several other factors during pregnancy and childhood are responsible for causing schizophrenia. These factors are:
    • Decreased oxygen level during delivery due to premature birth or prolonged labour
    • Parental loss or separation in early stages of life
    • Parental exposure to virus or during infancy
    • Childhood physical or sexual abuse
    • Abnormal brain structures and brain chemistry 
  3. Hallucination: To see, feel or hear anything that really does not exist is known as hallucination.
  4. Delusion: A thought or belief of a person, which is either false or impossible in reality is known as delusion.
  5. Thought and speech disturbances: The thought process and speech of a schizophrenic will be disorganized, due to which he or she  will fumble or is distracted as they are unable to align their thoughts.
  6. Difficulty in concentrating: It is difficult for people suffering from schizophrenia to concentrate on the task at hand.
  7. Erratic behaviour: People suffering from schizophrenia tend to behave erratically, either they will be too jumpy or will be perfectly still for hours at a stretch. Most people belief that those who are suffering from schizophrenia are often violent in nature, which actually is not the case.

Treatment for schizophrenia:

Schizophrenia can be treated, if identified at an early stage. It is best advised to consult a psychiatrist the moment you spot the symptoms. Anti psychotic drugs, self help behaviour change, counselling and rehabilitation are few treatment modalities available for schizophrenia.

2 people found this helpful

Can Genetics be the Reason Behind Schizophrenia?

Dr. Ajay Nihalani 88% (106 ratings)
Member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, United Kingdom (MRC Psych), MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ghaziabad
Can Genetics be the Reason Behind Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder in which a person’s mood, knowledge, thought and several other characteristics gets disturbed. We can notice most of the adults and old people with few symptoms of schizophrenia, which are most commonly left unidentified. The exact cause of schizophrenia is not yet known. The person feels that they are being constantly watched, they feel the presence of someone or something, which is not actually there. They are always suspicious and think that other people are gossiping and thinking about them.

Possible causes of Schizophrenia
Though the exact cause of schizophrenia is not known there are few factors, which contribute to the cause of schizophrenia.

  1. Genetic factors: People with a family history of schizophrenia are at higher risk of getting schizophrenia.
  2. Environmental factors: Environmental factors include excessive stress during pregnancy or later stages of life. Several other factors during pregnancy and childhood are responsible for causing schizophrenia. These factors are:

     

    1. Decreased oxygen level during delivery due to premature birth or prolonged labour
    2. Parental loss or separation in early stages of life
    3. Parental exposure to virus or during infancy
    4. Childhood physical or sexual abuse
    5. Abnormal brain structures and brain chemistry

Sings and symptoms of schizophrenia

  1. Hallucination: To see, feel or hear anything that really does not exist is known as hallucination.
  2. Delusion: A thought or belief of a person, which is either false or impossible in reality is known as delusion.
  3. Thought and speech disturbances: The thought process and speech of a schizophrenic will be disorganized, due to which he or she  will fumble or is distracted as they are unable to align their thoughts.
  4. Difficulty in concentrating: It is difficult for people suffering from schizophrenia to concentrate on the task at hand.
  5. Erratic behaviour: People suffering from schizophrenia tend to behave erratically, either they will be too jumpy or will be perfectly still for hours at a stretch. Most people belief that those who are suffering from schizophrenia are often violent in nature, which actually is not the case.

Treatment for schizophrenia
Schizophrenia can be treated, if identified at an early stage. It is best advised to consult a psychiatrist the moment you spot the symptoms. Anti psychotic drugs, self help behaviour change, counselling and rehabilitation are few treatment modalities available for schizophrenia. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3777 people found this helpful

Can Genetics Be The Reason Behind Schizophrenia?

Dr. Syed Saquib 90% (101 ratings)
M.B.B.S, D.P.M, M.A (Clinical Psychology)
Psychiatrist, Nagpur
Can Genetics Be The Reason Behind Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder in which a person’s mood, knowledge, thought and several other characteristics gets disturbed. We can notice most of the adults and old people with few symptoms of schizophrenia, which are most commonly left unidentified. The exact cause of schizophrenia is not yet known. The person feels that they are being constantly watched, they feel the presence of someone or something, which is not actually there. They are always suspicious and think that other people are gossiping and thinking about them.

Possible causes of Schizophrenia
Though the exact cause of schizophrenia is not known there are few factors, which contribute to the cause of schizophrenia.

  1. Genetic factors: People with a family history of schizophrenia are at higher risk of getting schizophrenia.
  2. Environmental factors: Environmental factors include excessive stress during pregnancy or later stages of life. Several other factors during pregnancy and childhood are responsible for causing schizophrenia. These factors are:

    1. Decreased oxygen level during delivery due to premature birth or prolonged labour
    2. Parental loss or separation in early stages of life
    3. Parental exposure to virus or during infancy
    4. Childhood physical or sexual abuse
    5. Abnormal brain structures and brain chemistry

Sings and symptoms of schizophrenia

  1. Hallucination: To see, feel or hear anything that really does not exist is known as hallucination.
  2. Delusion: A thought or belief of a person, which is either false or impossible in reality is known as delusion.
  3. Thought and speech disturbances: The thought process and speech of a schizophrenic will be disorganized, due to which he or she  will fumble or is distracted as they are unable to align their thoughts.
  4. Difficulty in concentrating: It is difficult for people suffering from schizophrenia to concentrate on the task at hand.
  5. Erratic behaviour: People suffering from schizophrenia tend to behave erratically, either they will be too jumpy or will be perfectly still for hours at a stretch. Most people belief that those who are suffering from schizophrenia are often violent in nature, which actually is not the case.

Treatment for schizophrenia
Schizophrenia can be treated, if identified at an early stage. It is best advised to consult a psychiatrist the moment you spot the symptoms. Anti psychotic drugs, self help behaviour change, counselling and rehabilitation are few treatment modalities available for schizophrenia.

2677 people found this helpful

Schizophrenia: Can Genetics be the Reason Behind it?

Dr. Atul Aswani 85% (95 ratings)
DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Schizophrenia: Can Genetics be the Reason Behind it?

Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder in which a person’s mood, knowledge, thought and several other characteristics gets disturbed. We can notice most of the adults and old people with few symptoms of schizophrenia, which are most commonly left unidentified. The exact cause of schizophrenia is not yet known. The person feels that they are being constantly watched, they feel the presence of someone or something, which is not actually there. They are always suspicious and think that other people are gossiping and thinking about them.

Possible causes of Schizophrenia
Though the exact cause of schizophrenia is not known there are few factors, which contribute to the cause of schizophrenia.

  1. Genetic factors: People with a family history of schizophrenia are at higher risk of getting schizophrenia.
  2. Environmental factors: Environmental factors include excessive stress during pregnancy or later stages of life. Several other factors during pregnancy and childhood are responsible for causing schizophrenia. These factors are:

    1. Decreased oxygen level during delivery due to premature birth or prolonged labour
    2. Parental loss or separation in early stages of life
    3. Parental exposure to virus or during infancy
    4. Childhood physical or sexual abuse
    5. Abnormal brain structures and brain chemistry

Signs and symptoms of schizophrenia

  1. Hallucination: To see, feel or hear anything that really does not exist is known as hallucination.
  2. Delusion: A thought or belief of a person, which is either false or impossible in reality is known as delusion.
  3. Thought and speech disturbances: The thought process and speech of a schizophrenic will be disorganized, due to which he or she  will fumble or is distracted as they are unable to align their thoughts.
  4. Difficulty in concentrating: It is difficult for people suffering from schizophrenia to concentrate on the task at hand.
  5. Erratic behaviour: People suffering from schizophrenia tend to behave erratically, either they will be too jumpy or will be perfectly still for hours at a stretch. Most people belief that those who are suffering from schizophrenia are often violent in nature, which actually is not the case.

Treatment for schizophrenia
Schizophrenia can be treated, if identified at an early stage. It is best advised to consult a psychiatrist the moment you spot the symptoms. Anti psychotic drugs, self help behaviour change, counselling and rehabilitation are few treatment modalities available for schizophrenia.

2469 people found this helpful

Alopecia - Can Genetics Trigger Such a Disorder

Dr. Rohit Shah 90% (425 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) And Naturopath (ND)
Ayurveda, Surat
Alopecia - Can Genetics Trigger Such a Disorder

Alopecia is a medical term used for baldness. There are different sorts of alopecia, including alopecia areata. Alopecia areata is a condition that causes a person’s hair to fall out in patches. It is an autoimmune disease where the person’s own immune system attacks his body, the hair follicles in this case. When this happens, the individual's hair starts to fall out, usually in patches. The degree of hair loss varies from person to person.

Rarely, the person loses all the hair on his or her head (alopecia areata totalis) or whole body (alopecia areata universalis). The person’s genetics may trigger the autoimmune response of alopecia areata, alongside other unknown triggers. For a few people, hair becomes back yet drops out again later. Some people’s hair does grow back. Every case is exceptional. The condition usually occurs when white platelets attack the cells in the hair follicles, making them shrink.

While researchers are uncertain why these changes take place, it appears that hereditary traits are included, as alopecia areata will probably happen in a person who has a relative with the same illness. One in five individuals with the infection have a relative who has also developed alopecia areata. It is also believed that it mostly occurs in people with a family history of other autoimmune diseases such as arthritis or type 1 diabetes.

Alopecia areata cannot be cured but it can be managed in terms of symptoms and hair can grow back. By and large, alopecia areata is treated with medications that are used for different conditions. Treatment choices for alopecia areata include:

  1. Corticosteroids: These are anti-inflammatory medications that are recommended for immune system illnesses. Corticosteroids can be given in the form of an injection into the scalp or different areas, orally (as a pill), or applied as a balm or a cream.
  2. Topical immunotherapy: This kind of treatment might be used if the baldness or hair loss recurs. The irritation that the medicines cause may cause hair regrowth.
  3. Rogaine (minoxidil): This topical medication is now used as a treatment for hair loss. It for the most part takes around 12 weeks of treatment with Rogaine before hair starts to grow back.

A few people with alopecia areata use alternative therapy to treat their condition. These may include:

  1. Aromatherapy
  2. Acupuncture
  3. Herbal supplements
  4. Vitamins
  5. Wearing covers (wigs, caps, or scarves) to shield the head.
  6. A number of people with new-onset alopecia areata have had stress in life, for example, work, family, deaths, surgeries and accidents. Nonetheless, this has not been proven as a cause scientifically.
  7. Applying sunscreen to shield uncovered areas or patches from sunburns.
  8. Wearing shades to shield the eyes from the sun if the eyelashes have dropped out.
type diabetes
5277 people found this helpful

Learning Disorders

Dr. Ramakanth Reddy 92% (153 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Learning Disorders

What is a learning disorder?

A learning disorder is defined as difficulty in an academic area (reading, mathematics, or written expression). The child's ability to achieve in the specific academic area is below what is expected for the child's age, educational level, and level of intelligence. The difficulty experienced by the child is severe enough to interfere with academic achievement or age-appropriate normal activities of daily living. About 8% of children in schools are classified as having specific learning disabilities and receive some kind of special education support.

What causes learning disorders?

Learning disorders are believed to happen because of an abnormality in the nervous system, either in the structure of the brain or in the functioning of brain chemicals. The difference in the nervous system causes the child with a learning disorder to receive, process, or communicate information in a different way.

Who is affected by learning disorders?

According to the U.S. Department of Education, about 5% of children in U.S. schools (kindergarten through grade 12) have some type of learning disorder.

Genetic predisposition, problems during pregnancy, birth, or early infancy, as well as other general medical conditions may be associated with the cause of learning disorders.

What are the symptoms of learning disorders?

The following are the most common symptoms of learning disorders. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

  • Reading disorder. A reading disorder is present when a child reads below the expected level given his or her age, grade in school, and intelligence. Children with a reading disorder read slowly and have difficulty understanding what they read. They may have difficulty with word recognition and confuse words that look similar. A reading disorder is sometimes called dyslexia.

  • Mathematics disorder. A mathematics disorder is present when a child has problems with skills related to numbers. Examples of this include counting, copying numbers correctly, adding and carrying numbers, learning multiplication tables, recognizing mathematical signs, and understanding mathematical operations.

  • Disorder of written expression. A disorder of written expression is present when a child has difficulty with writing skills. Examples of this include understanding grammar and punctuation, spelling, paragraph organization, or composing written information. Often these children also have poor handwriting skills.

How are learning disorders diagnosed?

The signs of learning disorders may be identified by parents or teachers when a child consistently has difficulty with any, or all, of the following:

  • Reading, spelling, writing, or completing math problems

  • Understanding or following directions

  • Distinguishing right from left

  • Reversing letters or numbers (confusing "b" and "d" or 12 and 21)

A comprehensive evaluation by educational and mental health professionals includes educational and psychological testing, as well as talking with the child and parents. A comprehensive evaluation identifies whether a child has a learning disorder. It also identifies learning strengths and weaknesses. Results of the evaluation are used to determine educational needs, identify the best school placement, and determine the possible need for medicine to help with distractibility or hyperactivity. Results can also determine the possible benefit of any additional therapies, such as speech therapy or family psychotherapy, to maximize the child's learning potential and quality of life.

Treatment for learning disorders

Specific treatment for learning disorders will be determined by the coordinated effort of your child's healthcare provider and mental health and educational professionals based on:

  • Your child's age, overall health, and medical history

  • Extent of the disorder

  • Type of disorder

  • Your child's tolerance for specific medicines or therapies

  • Expectations for the course of the disorder

  • Your opinion or preference

Learning disorders are treatable. A coordinated effort between parents, teachers, and mental health professionals provides the basis for individualized treatment strategies. These may include individual or group remediation, and/or special classes or resources.

Prevention of learning disorders

Preventive measures to reduce how often learning disorders happen are not known at this time. However, discovering learning disorders and doing something about them early on can reduce their severity. This will also improve the quality of life experienced by children with learning disorders.

1 person found this helpful

Autism Disorder

BHMS, MD - Acupressure
Homeopath, Bangalore
Autism Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder (asd) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. It may range from mild to severe conditions. Initial period of life upto 2 years it is difficult to diagnose. Parents start noticing changes such as social interactions, non-responsive behaviour along with losing that little amount of speech. Autism appears to have its roots in very early brain development.

 

Asd can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor coordination, attention and physical health issues such as sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances. Some persons with asd excel in visual skills, music, math and art.

 

Causes:

Most cases of autism appear to be caused by a combination of autism risk genes and environmental factors influencing early brain development.

Intake of some drugs, medicines during pregnancy

Metabolic imbalance

Vaccinations

Modern living styles

Food habits

Urban stress syndromes

35 plus aged mothers and sibling with asd are the risk factors

Genetic predisposition

Exposure to environmental chemicals

 

Symptoms:

Repeating certain behaviors or having unusual behaviors

Having overly focused interests, such as with moving objects or parts of objects

Having a lasting, intense interest in certain topics, such as numbers, details, or facts.

Getting upset by a slight change in a routine or being placed in a new or overly stimulating setting

Making little or inconsistent eye contact

Having a tendency to look at and listen to other people less often

Responding in an unusual way when others show anger, distress, or affection

Failing to, or being slow to, respond to someone calling their name or other verbal attempts to gain attention

Having difficulties with the back and forth of conversations

Often talking at length about a favorite subject without noticing that others are not interested or without giving others a chance to respond

Repeating words or phrases that they hear, a behavior called echolalia

Using words that seem odd, out of place, or have a special meaning known only to those familiar with that person’s way of communicating

Having facial expressions, movements, and gestures that do not match what is being said

Having an unusual tone of voice that may sound sing-song or flat and robot-like

Having trouble understanding another person’s point of view or being unable to predict or understand other people’s actions.

Extraordinary sensitiveness to light, noise, clothing, or temperature. They may also experience sleep problems, digestion problems, and irritability.

 

How to differentiate ADHD hyperactive kid:

1. Any difficulty in processing information.

2. Any difficulty in regulating emotions.

3. Does the kid struggle with issues like organizing, planning, prioritizing, paying attention and remembering details.

4. Any difficulty in taking judgments.

5. Any difficulty in concentration.

6. Age appropriate immaturity

 

How parents can help?

Constantly engage with the child.

Never leave your kid alone as this prevents the kids from learning new things.

Constantly stimulate the child ; talk, play, dance etc

Avoid all gadgets like phone, tabs etc.

For working mums only option would be prioritising the kids health. So the choice is yours how to go about this. Most of the mums do a mistake of work from home, which is not a supportive solution again, this also encourages kid to slip to his own world of tabs or phones etc.

Invite more people to home, this again gives them chance to interact, play, learn new things etc.

Do not focus just on specch at the same time overall stimulation is very important.

Take your kid out to parks or any social gathering, so that the kid learns how to socialise and socialising behaviours and mannerisms. So the meaning of whole exercise aims at training the mind to be constantly connected with outer world so that he can passively learn things.

 

Scope of homoeopathy

The scope of homoeopathy in autism is very high. It as a matter of fact poses a challenge to homeopaths themselves. It needs a hardcore-hahnemannian approach to get into the mind or the mental development of the individual and arrive at a remedy. Homeopathy is a holistic system of medicine and it takes into consideration the constitutional picture (complete physical and mental make up of the child) along with the necessary details of the disease when prescribing. This particular method is followed, as no autistic child is similar to another, in terms of symptoms or behavior. This helps us to approximate the individual to a state of normalcy. Everyone has their own individual characteristic symptoms and the homeopathy treatment also targets the individual characteristic symptoms in every case.

 

The immune system and nervous system are closely interrelated to one another. The abnormal immune system disturbs the growth of the neural formation too. Homeopathic medicines do not merely act on any one particular organ of an individual, but has much more deeper and central action on the psycho-neuro-endocrinological (mind-nerve-hormone) and psycho-immunological (mind-immune system) axis. It works well to correct the accentuated state of sensitivity. It also helps improve fine motor skills as well as perceptual difficulties.

 

During the course of the case taking, i.e, when the history of the individual is being studied, the mother’s history of reaction to vaccines during pregnancy, family medical history, behavior of the kid, thermal sensitivities, gestures and sleep postures form a part of the very detailed information. As the autistic child experiences stress, he responds with a reaction. This reaction becomes a symptom or a sign of characteristic importance. By fully perceiving the patient, one may learn to understand his/her reaction to a particular stress and triggers. It is only through such a deep understanding that a homeopath would be able to prescribe effectively.

 

From my personal experience, I have seen kids responding to the treatment on an average in around 6 months from the time medication was started, at the same time few show good improvement in generals like sleep, appetite etc only after an year. It took me 2-3 years to show effective results like eye-to-eye contact, toilet training (the first best sign), connecting sentences and expressing themselves, connecting to the external world. However, this would happen provided the patients take medicines continuously and religiously. During the course of the treatment, I always take a step-by-step approach, as follows:

- Analyzing the case

- Detoxifying the stronger medications taken before

- Detoxifying the vaccines, that may have harmful effects


Beyond any treatment the support from parents, neurodevelopmental therapies and behavioral therapies are a must.

- Rounds of speech, neuro-developmental and behavior therapies are most important

 

How follow up scoring is important:

Through every follow up with the homoeopath, the symptoms should be analysed by the parents and ratings given on a scale of 1-10 to each symptom, as compared to the condition previously. This again helps the physician and parents to further analyse and arrive at the best suitable remedy, meanwhile helps in better understanding for physician and parents about the follow up progress. The extent to which the cure can occur, has a great degree of variability associated with it. Homoeopathy not just helps in adhd, add or any psychiatric disorderes, it also helps the altered mind set like an internal counsellor - agiatated mind - restless sleep due to thoughts -learning difficulties -poor concentration - normalisng the disturbed mind due to recent depressions - for mind disorders which doesnt have any reason for existance -indifference from grief or disappointments - unrefreshed sleep - loss of sleep etc all medicines perfectly help in symptom basis thus no question of side effects for same.

 

Along with treatment, neuro-developmental and behaviour therapies is also necessary. Certain supplements are also to be used: vitamin c, magnesium, zinc and fish oil.

 

The unfortunate part is that none of the parents share a testimony of their child’s recovery from autism, due to societal reasons. This if done, would help other parents too, as it would help them gain confidence in helping their children fight autism and develop into strong individuals.

 

So, the bottom line is, yes, it is possible!

 

Accupressure:

Traditional chinese medicine approaches autism, like all other disorders, as an energy imbalance that can be addressed by stimulating specific energy points and pathways. Through reflexology, body can be brought to a state of healing and balance body by itself with the holistic powers of reflexology. -helps in stabilising nerve disorders and bring alertness and confidence in the patient. -helps in control of emotional imbalance -reduce stress factors

 

In some cases there may be some original symptom worsen for few days of treatment. That too is an indication of that the acupressure is started working. It is quite common with the first one or two acupressure treatments to have a sensation of deep relaxation or even mild disorientation.

1 person found this helpful

Genetic and Obesity

Dr. Ripal Pandya 90% (283 ratings)
BHMS, diploma in IACH
Homeopath, Jaipur
Genetic and Obesity

Genetic factors play an important role in determining the traits of obesity and also rate of weight loss. Some genes play the role to telling the body how to metabolize food and to use extra calories or stored fat. Obesity runs in families as generally families eat similar foods, have similar lifestyle habits and thinking patterns, such as that children should eat more to become big and healthy. Certain illnesses like thyroid gland problems or genetic diseases run in families.

Some eating disorders like binge eating disorder affect a person's diet as he eats more and repeatedly often in binges. These people generally lack the developed eating patterns learned in childhood.

It is also to be remembered that obesity is not the result of momentary overeating. It is a long term phenomenon because people tend to overeat over long periods of time.

Emotions can fuel obesity, as people tend to eat more when they are upset, anxious, sad, stressed or even bored. Afterwards they feel bad about eating more, and later to relieve this stress, they may eat even more.

17 people found this helpful

Is Gynecomastia Genetic?

Dr. Vinod Raina 88% (5801 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Is Gynecomastia Genetic?

It has been estimated that 30 to 40 percent of men will have some severity of gynecomastia in their lives. How severe it is will determine if their gynecomastia will hinder their life and be a factor in whether they need to receive treatment. Some men have a lesser severity of the condition and those around them, and themselves, may not even know it.

Determining whether you really have gynecomastia is the first step.

Gynecomastia is the over-abundance of breast tissue in a man's body causing them to develop breasts.

Pseudogynecomastia is simply a fatty layer that has built up around a man's breast, or pectoral, area.

The difference is simple to see. While gynecomastia is condition that actually is the formation of breast tissue, pseudogynecomastia is simply fat, or "man boobs", around the area that may be able to be cured with the proper exercise and diet plan.

Is Gynecomastia Genetic

Gynecomastia is genetic if it is caused by what is known as Kleinfelter Syndrome. Some facts about kleinfelter syndrome include:

  • Also known as XXY syndrome, it is present in men with an additional X chromosome.
  • While many men do not have symptoms, about 1 in every 500 men has the additional X chromosome.
  • Symptom factors depend on age at diagnosis, how many XXY cells a man may have, and the amount of testosterone in the man's body.
  • XXY men may have a taller, less muscular body when they enter puberty.
  • XXY men may have broader hips and less facial and body hair.
  • The sex lives of XXY men can be mostly normal, however they usually produce little to no sperm.

Symptoms of XXY or Kleinfelter Syndrome

  • Again, not all males with the Kleinfelter Syndrome will display symptoms.
  • As infants, XXY males may have less muscle development and less strength than those with normal genetic makeup. It is not uncommon for a XXY babies to crawl, sit-up and roll over at later stages than non-XXY males.
  • As puberty is entered, the male with Kleinfelter syndrome may not produce as much testosterone and as teens, they may have larger breasts, weaker bones and less energy.
  • In adulthood, most XXY men will look similar to others but they may be taller. Also, XXY men are more apt to health issues such as vein diseases, tooth decay, osteoporosis, and breast cancer. Autoimmune disorders are also more frequently found in men with Kleinfelter syndrome.

Treatment

There are various treatment options for males with gynecomastia due to Kleinfelter syndrome. While the XXY chromosome cannot be changed there are options to treat symptoms.

2 people found this helpful
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