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Frequently Asked Question About HIV!

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Ketan Ranpariya 94% (5403 ratings)
MBBS, PG Diploma (HIV Medicines)
HIV Specialist, Surat  •  13 years experience
Frequently Asked Question About HIV!

HIV is actually a virus which can be transferred through various human body fluids like Blood, Sperm, Vaginal fluid, Breast milk, etc. Virus affects the immune power of the body & reduces the C.D. 4 cells required for immunity.
As the immunity reduces other bacteria also get chance to enter & are known as opportunate infection. If proper medicines are not used than HIV finally leads to the last stage which is known as AIDS.

1. What is HIV?
HIV is a virus. If proper medicines are not provided than HIV can lead to its final stage of AIDS. The human body is not able to resist the HIV virus. Presently there are no medicines to abolish the HIV completely. The world is trying to find out the remedy to abolish this virus. It is possible that one day, we shall be able to abolish HIV virus completely by medicines. Till than one should observe the punctuality in the present medicines available in the market for controlling the growth of HIV virus. These are known as ART (Antiretroviral Therapy). Patient can lead a healthy & long life with the help of these medicines moreover the chances of transferring the virus to others are also minimised. Those who don‟t use medicines are liable to suffer AIDs after 8-10 years of HIV infection. If no treatment is obtained even at this stage, the patient is sure to die within 1 to 2 years after AIDS stage.
HIV virus attacks the C.D.-4 cells of the body which are required for resistance against diseases. Virus reduces the C.D.-4 cells from 400-1500 to less than 200. Thus the immunity of the body is considerably reduced & the body becomes vulnerable to all diseases.

2. How did HIV virus enter into the human body?
 The HIV virus is believed to have entered from the Chimpanzee of West Africa.
 When human hunted down this type of Chimpanzee & ate its meat, the virus is believed to have entered in human body.
 HIV was first detected in America in 1981. In India, it was detected in Chennai in 1986 during the test.

3. How many stages of HIV are there & which?
HIV in human body grows with time. Unfortunately, if no treatment is given, HIV virus reduces the C.D.-4 cells of the body to the considerable amount & results into the last stage which is known as AIDS. HIV treatment is useful in every stage. The transformation from one stage to another can be slowed down or can be stopped by proper treatment. The HIV virus can be transferred to others in any stage.
Stage: 1: Acute infection
 After infection of HIV viral fever is observed within two to four weeks.
 These symptoms are not visible in every case.
 This misleads the patient as it seems to be an ordinary viral fever & remains for 2 to 5 days only. This does not create any doubt of HIV & hence HIV is not detected in this stage.
 In this stage, virus is in heavy strength & grow up in the body by damaging C.D.-4 cells destroying the immunity.
 Chances of HIV transfer are very high as the virus is in high strength.

Stage: 2: Clinical latency
In this stage no symptoms are seen. This stage continues for 8-10 years in 70% of cases. The virus is quite inactive in this stage. The patient does not feel any trouble during this stage. If the treatment starts in this stage, one can have a long life without much trouble. This stage generally continues for 8 to 10 years. Infection is seen to have fast growth in some cases. The stage may be shortened to 2-3 years. Point to note is that though the virus is quite at its low & may be reduced with proper treatment, still the transfer of HIV virus is possible but the chances are less than that in the
first stage. In the last time of the second stage, the virus grows highly reducing the C.D.-4 cells & that results in the troubles with obvious symptoms.

Stage: 3: Aids
This is the last stage of HIV infection. The virus grows in high numbers during this stage. Reduction in C.D.-4 cells results in opportunist infections. The patient is liable to death within 1 to 2 years if no treatment is given. Death can be delayed by proper treatment.

Stage: 4: How to confirm HIV infection?
HIV infection cannot be confirmed by obvious symptoms. The laboratory test is a must for confirming the infection.
If a person has no trouble nor any symptoms, even though the HIV virus cannot be denied as HIV infected person can have no trouble/symptoms for 8-10 years. Thus to deny HIV, one has to go for a laboratory test.
The information regarding the laboratory test of any person is never disclosed to anybody without the permission of the concerned person.
If anyone is found to be HIV positive, he should start his treatment under proper consultation.

Stage: 5: Can HIV be abolished totally?
The answer is „NO‟. There are no drugs available in the market which can abolish HIV. But the strength of the virus can be reduced from lacs to just less than 50 by proper treatment, consultation at every 1 to 3 months & testing at every 3 to 6 months. The infection of opportunists can be controlled by maintaining the level of the C.D.-4 cell from 400 to 1500 & trouble free life can be achieved. But this requires timely tests, timely treatment & proper consultation.

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