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First Trimester Of Pregnancy - Things You Need To Be Careful About!

Reviewed by
MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Pune  •  14 years experience
First Trimester Of Pregnancy - Things You Need To Be Careful About!

So you have just found out that you are pregnant and you and your partner are over the moon about it! While congratulations are in order, so are a host of tips which will help you settle into the pregnancy. It is important to remember that the first trimester of your pregnancy is a crucial phase where you may not change that much physically, but will be prone to many emotional changes. Some of the symptoms of early pregnancy include nausea, vomiting, breast pain, bloating, frequency of urination etc. It is also a phase where you will make way for the changes that will inevitably come in the next two trimesters and for a long time after delivery of the baby too.

Read on to unravel our first trimester guide.

  • Pregnancy Test: You must ensure that you know you are pregnant by monitoring your menstrual cycles closely so that even one missed period points at the possibility of pregnancy. This test can be a home based kit available at the chemists' or can even be conducted with a lab test based on a urine sample. Despite the results that you may get on a home pregnancy test, it is best to get a professional opinion as well.
  • Finding the Right Doctor: In this phase of your pregnancy itself, it is imperative to home in on a gynaecologist who will put you ease. Take care to pick someone who may be recommended by family and friends. Have a talk with the doctor a few times to see how well he or she engages you as a patient and if you are suitably convinced with the sessions and appointments.
  • Activity: While heavy activities may not be recommended by all doctors as the foetus needs to latch on, one can indulge in plenty of walks and a normal routine as well. Ensure that your pregnancy is a normal one and ask your doctor about any precautions that you may need to take with the progressing trimesters. Also, find ways to deal with any morning sickness with the help of the doctor. 
  • Supplements: In this crucial phase, ensure that your doctor gives you a diet supplements like iron, folic acid, calcium that you must ingest on a regular basis. This will keep any risk of neural tube birth defects at bay. Along with food supplements, daily 400mcg Folic acid should be consumed to prevent neural tube defects.
  • Other Medication: Find out more about over the counter drugs or any medication that you may have been taking as this may have to be stopped or adjusted for the pregnancy. The doctor should be able to guide you on this aspect too.
  • Travelling during first trimester of pregnancy: Couples should try and avoid travelling during first trimester of pregnancy as it may harm your progeny.
  • Intercourse during first trimester of pregnancy: Its absolutely alright to have physical relations (sex, intercourse) during first trimester of pregnancy unless doctor has advised to avoid it.

The other activities during the first trimester include taking pre natal appointments and choosing and interacting with your caregiver who will also be a support after you have had the baby.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult a specialist & get answers to your questions!
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