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Family Planning Tips

Basal Body Temperature Method - How Can It Help In Natural Family Planning?

Dr. Bhagyashree Deshmukh 92% (62 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Nagpur
Basal Body Temperature Method - How Can It Help In Natural Family Planning?

Family planning is an important aspect of modern healthcare and public policy systems. The basal body temperature method is a type of awareness-based procedure that promotes natural family planning. The basal body temperature is the temperature of the body when the person is at complete rest. Ovulation tends to cause a slight rise in the basal body temperature. Most women are in their most fertile state during two to three days before the increase in body temperature. Therefore, tracking the basal body temperature every day enables women to predict the probable date of ovulation. This, in turn, can help women determine the time spans when they are most likely to conceive.

Importance of basal body temperature
When women wish to get pregnant, the basal body temperature can be used to determine the best days to perform sexual intercourse. On the other hand, women that want to avoid pregnancy can use this technique to help prevent unprotected intercourse. This method alone does not provide adequate warning time to prevent pregnancy efficiently; it should be used in combination with other fertility awareness methods when women want to avoid pregnancy.

Tracking the basal body temperature for contraception or fertility reasons is not just economical but the method offers no side effects. Some women choose this method because it conforms to their religious beliefs.
This method can also be used to detect pregnancy. Immediately after ovulation, a rise in the basal body temperature (lasting for more than 18 days) can signal the onset of pregnancy.

Are there any risks?
We must mention that using the basal body temperature method does not have to carry any risks or complications. However, the method does not offer any protection from sexually transmitted diseases and other infections. Women that are not ready to conceive should avoid sexual intercourse altogether. Else, they may use the barrier method of contraception during the fertile days in each month.
It is crucial to bear in mind that the basal body temperature can be affected by various factors. These include physical and psychological stress, fever, illness, interruption in sleep cycles, the consumption of alcohol, gynecological disorders, taking certain medicines.

Preparing for basal body temperature method
Women who are interested in using this method can track basal body temperature without any special preparations. Healthcare professionals recommend the use of a digital thermometer. Alternatively, women can use a thermometer mainly devised to measure basal body temperature. Also, women must ensure that they allow themselves regular hours of uninterrupted sleep every night. This schedule will enable them to gain accurate readings of body temperature. Also, they must consult with a gynecologist if they have recently given birth or have stopped taking hormonal contraceptives, are breastfeeding, or about to approach menopause. These actions and processes can help women to control their reproductive health.
 

2072 people found this helpful

Basal Body Temperature Method - Know Importance Of It!

Dr. Dimpy Irani 89% (13 ratings)
MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS, DGO, DNB
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Basal Body Temperature Method - Know Importance Of It!

Family planning is an important aspect of modern healthcare and public policy systems. The basal body temperature method is a type of awareness-based procedure that promotes natural family planning. The basal body temperature is the temperature of the body when the person is at complete rest. Ovulation tends to cause a slight rise in the basal body temperature. Most women are in their most fertile state during two to three days before the increase in body temperature. Therefore, tracking the basal body temperature every day enables women to predict the probable date of ovulation. This, in turn, can help women determine the time spans when they are most likely to conceive.

Importance of basal body temperature
When women wish to get pregnant, the basal body temperature can be used to determine the best days to perform sexual intercourse. On the other hand, women that want to avoid pregnancy can use this technique to help prevent unprotected intercourse. This method alone does not provide adequate warning time to prevent pregnancy efficiently; it should be used in combination with other fertility awareness methods when women want to avoid pregnancy.

Tracking the basal body temperature for contraception or fertility reasons is not just economical but the method offers no side effects. Some women choose this method because it conforms to their religious beliefs.
This method can also be used to detect pregnancy. Immediately after ovulation, a rise in the basal body temperature (lasting for more than 18 days) can signal the onset of pregnancy.

Are there any risks?
We must mention that using the basal body temperature method does not have to carry any risks or complications. However, the method does not offer any protection from sexually transmitted diseases and other infections. Women that are not ready to conceive should avoid sexual intercourse altogether. Else, they may use the barrier method of contraception during the fertile days in each month.
It is crucial to bear in mind that the basal body temperature can be affected by various factors. These include physical and psychological stress, fever, illness, interruption in sleep cycles, the consumption of alcohol, gynecological disorders, taking certain medicines.

Preparing for basal body temperature method
Women who are interested in using this method can track basal body temperature without any special preparations. Healthcare professionals recommend the use of a digital thermometer. Alternatively, women can use a thermometer mainly devised to measure basal body temperature. Also, women must ensure that they allow themselves regular hours of uninterrupted sleep every night. This schedule will enable them to gain accurate readings of body temperature. Also, they must consult with a gynaecologist if they have recently given birth or have stopped taking hormonal contraceptives, are breastfeeding, or about to approach menopause. These actions and processes can help women to control their reproductive health.
 

1541 people found this helpful

World Population Day - How To Control Growing Population?

Dr. Sushma Purohit 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Fellowship of Gynaecology Oncology, Fellowship in Laparoscopy
Gynaecologist, Raipur
World Population Day - How To Control Growing Population?

In 1989, the United Nations announced July 11 as World Population Day and since then, it is being celebrated annually with an objective to spread awareness about various issues related to the population across the world.

Significance of the Day

With the population of India growing exponentially, and reproductive health issues becoming a major cause of death and ill health for the community people, the UN Council aims to enhance the skills and knowledge of people from all over the world on issues like family planning and population control through the World

Population Day campaign

An estimated 1.8 billion youngsters are entering the reproductive years, and it is essential to direct their attention towards the crucial aspect of reproductive health and hygiene. Through the annual campaign – World Population Day – people from all walks of life, particularly youngsters are encouraged to participate and learn more about the urgency of family planning, gender equality, sex education, safety measures like condoms and use of contraceptives, adolescent pregnancy, reproductive health, sexually transmitted diseases, and so on.

Proper knowledge on sex-related issues is very important, especially among the youth – aged between 15 and 19 years. Statistics show that each year, approximately 15 million women in this age group give birth and about 4 million are forced to undergo an abortion.

Objectives of Celebrating World Population Day

The objectives of World Population Day celebrations are as follows –

• To empower and protect the youth

• To educate people about delayed marriage and sex till the time they are able to take on the responsibility

• To educate the youth on how to avoid/prevent unwanted pregnancies with proper measures

• To educate and encourage people to break free from gender stereotypes

• To impart proper knowledge on illnesses related to pregnancy, and to make people aware of the potential risks of early childbirth

• To educate people about sexually transmitted disorders in order to avoid getting infected

• To provide access to basic education for both boys and girls

• To provide all couples easy access to reproductive healthcare services all across the globe

• To implement effective policies and laws to protect girl child rights

World Population Day is celebrated internationally by arranging a wide variety of events and activities to draw people’s attention to the issue of population growth.

However, simply calling for attention does not fix the problem. Immediate action is needed to control the growing population and curb its ill effects. This involves better education, family planning awareness, safe sex techniques, and use of birth control pills. With the Government taking necessary steps, it looks like we are making progress towards addressing the problem of overpopulation.

Effective Parenting Tips!

BA(Hons.) Applied Psychology, MA Applied Psychology (clinical psychology), Mphil - Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Ahmedabad
Effective Parenting Tips!

Effective Parenting Tips!

Parenting - How To Excel At It?

Mrs. Meghna Singh 92% (68 ratings)
Post Graduate Diploma in Counselling Psychology, MA in Psychology
Psychologist, Noida
Parenting - How To Excel At It?

As a parent, we all love our children deeply. And most of us will agree that these days parenting is very demanding and exhausting instead of pleasurable and joyous process. What has changed? It is not that children are any different. The difference is in the environment around them with stronger social influences; and this also affects the way we parent. In today's more democratic and egalitarian world; 'Do as I say and not as I do' style of parenting does not work. But, 'I will do as I see you doing' phrase from kids define our parent-child relationship.

With change in social environment and influence, our strategies for correcting their behaviour and impart discipline has to undergo adaptation! When there are so many confusing and conflicting signals reach to our kids from their environment, whether we like it or not, we are still their role models. How positive parenting style will help? The core principle of positive parenting is to accept your child as an individual. We are in a democratic society and family is a small yet important part of society. Democracy does not mean allowing disrespectful and irresponsible behaviour; rather to effectively help kids change their behaviour and create harmonious and cooperative relationship with them. It also means that we as a parent need to learn to think, act and react in a different way.

Through, positive parenting, you will learn respectful disciplining methods, which would work better than demanding compliance. Through these principles and tips you will get your child to listen without screaming, nagging, reminding or evoking rebellious behaviour. More importantly, this is all about building stronger relationship bond with your children and nurture them through early childhood to teenage years as they become independent, responsible, capable, kind, happy and successful young adults.

Tips to get you started:

1. Everyone deserves to be treated with respect and dignity, including children.

2. When your kid misbehaves instead of shouting or hitting, control your anger and respond in a calm and respectful way. Calmer but firmer tone and lower voice, yet not giving into their repeated demand, is much more effective as a discipline tool compare to nagging.

3. Understandable that you have a lot on your plate, such as work, managing and keeping the home in order, managing meals and other outside responsibilities, kids sports or extracurricular activities, family obligations and so on. It is easy to get lost in all these 'have to do' activities. Parenting shouldn't be just one more task to deal with. Reconnecting with your parenting goals and aspirations periodically will help take the stress out of it and add fun into it. Spend some time daily (10 minutes will do as well!) to just listen and enjoy your child (without correcting them or giving them suggestion to improve!).

4. Let your love for them be the driving force. Shift your internal conversations from 'have to' to 'want to'. As you do enormous things for your child each day, think how you are supporting their ambitions. How you are helping them become independent and strong. How you are nurturing qualities like compassion and deep listening by extending yourself.

5. Give promises and keep them. As your children grow they need much more than your words to trust and rely on you. Keeping your promises, letting them know if you need to change the plan, taking their opinion in appropriate matter will go a long way.

6. Seek to understand and do not impose yourself on your child. Especially when they are in their teenage, as a parent you have lot of worries, you are afraid of them making mistakes and of course you want to protect them from vices. Listening to them while keeping your focus on genuinely understanding them is the only way to go, when they know you understand them and they can trust you, the street between both of you turns two way street! They will be open to your wisdom and suggestion when they are at the cross road.

7. Last but not the least, 'be a role model'. Don't preach. If they see you disrespecting others, they will not respect you. If they see you hooked on your smartphone; that is their license to keep theirs in front of their eyes 24/7. If you are hooked in front of the TV till late night and haven't picked up a book in last 6 months. Advice about reading is going to fall on dumb ears. In short, be the change you want to see in your children.

8. Have family nights at least once in a week, play cards, board games or go for a walk together. Talk and listen. Just be there and listen without judgement and criticism, without thinking about how to correct them. Just enjoy each other's company and see how they are changing their opinion about you.

Positive parenting doesn't mean you will never have problems in your family. You will? if you are alive and growing family. Positive parenting style will open up the avenues to keep communication alive; it will open your children to your influence. Isn't it something that we all wish for!!

3646 people found this helpful

Sibling Rivalry - How To Resolve It?

Dr. Sheba Singh 85% (10 ratings)
PhD - Psychology, Masters in Psychology, BA - Psychology, Post Graduate Diploma in Rehabilitation Psychology
Psychologist, Mumbai
Sibling Rivalry - How To Resolve It?

While siblings are the force that breathes life into any family structure, it has also been seen as a challenge of sorts to manage siblings and bring out the best in each one of them. In any family unit, there are a number of entities who need to be nurtured in a certain way to ensure that their identities are not hampered by a "one size fits all" style of parenting. Every child is different and will need to be handled differently. Besides this, there are other related challenges that will contribute to the quality of the relationships between the siblings, as well as the rivalry that they may feel towards each other when it comes to attention, achievements and varied other factors.

Read on to know the ten tips to tackle sibling rivalry:

  1. Make Friends before Birth: encourage your first born to connect even before the birth of the new baby by including him or her in the changes you see and feel. Planning for the new baby with your first born will also help in such cases.
  2. Staying positive is a big factor that will help the children in feeling confident despite their different qualities and strengths.
  3. Comparison is a big no-no. Stay away from these kind of comparisons so that the children do not feel like they have to fight with each other for your praise.
  4. Time-Sharing: Ensure that you divide your time well and indulge each child in his or her area of interest so that they feel like you are always there for each of them.
  5. Harmonious Start to the day: this will ensure that the children have a special bond at the end of the day. Make sure that they help each other and divide chores accordingly. The older siblings should be given the care giving tasks while the younger ones should be taught to obey them and play along.
  6. Humour them: It is a known fact that humour is the best medicine that breaks even the most tension-filled atmosphere.
  7. Family Meetings: Hold family meetings to discuss important things and even intense fights so that everyone's needs and issues are addressed.
  8. Empathy: Teaching your child to empathize with others will help him or her steer clear of needless rivalry at home too.
  9. Ignore the Small: Let them figure out the smaller fights, yet always be there to address the bigger issues so that they know you are there for them.
  10. Equal Treatment: Treating them equally does not mean doing the same thing for each of them. It means giving them equal time and attention with personalized treatment to suit varied temperaments. This will also give them a lot of individual confidence which eventually kills any feelings of rivalry.
2387 people found this helpful

Family Planning - Why Should You Opt For It?

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Family Planning - Why Should You Opt For It?

Home to the second-largest population in the world, India has been facing a population explosion for quite a few decades. Thus, family planning becomes an important aspect of India’s vast social fabric. Family planning methods enable its citizens to control the potential damages inflicted by the raging population explosion.

Research indicates that an estimated 214 million women of reproductive age in developing countries are willing to avoid pregnancy through the use of modern contraceptive methods. In response, modern medical science has created various options designed to inhibit conception and prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.

Know the different family planning options available:

Citizens can use family planning technique to control the expansion of their families.

  1. Oral contraceptive pills: These formulations are marketed in the form of small tablets that have to be orally ingested. They stop ovulation and thicken the cervical mucus to block the passage of sperm cells.
  2. Injections: This technique hinges on subcutaneous injections of progesterone that prevents ovulation and thickens the cervical mucus.
  3. Condoms: These family planning devices are engineered from latex, a refined form of rubber. They create a physical barrier that prevents conception.
  4. Diaphragms: This device is a dome-shaped rubber cup that covers the cervix after it is inserted into the vagina before sexual intercourse.
  5. IUDs - It is a very effective mode of contraception especially to keep gap in between two pregnancy and after your family is completed. It is effective for almost 5 years. It is best for Indian population.
  6. Family planning through operation: It can be done laparoscopically or mini laparoscopy. One can go for it if they have at least two living healthy children.

Why should one opt for family planning?

  1. Promotes individual and national growth: Family planning is essential to support initiatives that secure the health, well-being, and autonomy of women. These efforts support the development of human communities, enable the achievement of social and community goals, and boost national prosperity.
  2. Prevents pregnancy-related issues: Family planning prevents the occurrence of health issues related to pregnancy in women. This is important in terms of boosting women’s general health and well-being. A woman’s ability to choose bears a direct influence on her physical and emotional well-being.
  3. Unwanted pregnancy: Family planning prevents unwanted pregnancies in older women. This demographic faces higher health risks from pregnancies.
  4. Maternal mortality: Family planning allows women to limit the size of the family unit. Medical evidence suggests that women who have borne more than four children face a heightened risk for maternal mortality. Family planning reduces the rate of unintended pregnancies and thus cuts the need for unsafe abortions.
  5. Prevention of diseases: Women infected with HIV/AIDS must drastically reduce the risk of unintended pregnancies. Failure to comply may result in the birth of babies infected with diseases. The use of male and female condoms offers dual protection against sexually transmitted diseases and infections.
  6. Empowering women: Family planning helps women to make an informed decision about their own sexual and reproductive health. It offers an opportunity for women to pursue education, boost their professional standing, and participate in non-family institutions. Moreover, smaller families allow parents to make meaningful investments in each child.

In light of the above, family planning has emerged as a critical mission in modern developing countries. National, state, and local governments must work with citizens to achieve community goals.

3743 people found this helpful

Parenting - How To Excel At It?

Ms. Mala Vohra Khanna 88% (27 ratings)
M.Phil In Clinic Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Parenting - How To Excel At It?

As a parent, we all love our children deeply. And most of us will agree that these days parenting is very demanding and exhausting instead of a pleasurable and joyous process. What has changed? It is not that children are any different. The difference is in the environment around them with stronger social influences, and this also affects the way we parent. In today's more democratic and egalitarian world; 'Do as I say and not as I do' style of parenting does not work. But, 'I will do as I see you doing' phrase from kids defines our parent-child relationship.

With the change in social environment and influence, our strategies for correcting their behaviour and impart discipline has to undergo adaptation! When there are so many confusing and conflicting signals reach to our kids from their environment, whether we like it or not, we are still their role models. How positive parenting style will help? The core principle of positive parenting is to accept your child as an individual. We are in a democratic society and family is a small yet important part of society. Democracy does not mean allowing disrespectful and irresponsible behaviour; rather to effectively help kids change their behaviour and create a harmonious and cooperative relationship with them. It also means that we as a parent need to learn to think, act and react in a different way.

Through, positive parenting, you will learn respectful disciplining methods, which would work better than demanding compliance. Through these principles and tips, you will get your child to listen without screaming, nagging, reminding or evoking rebellious behaviour. More importantly, this is all about building stronger relationship bond with your children and nurture them through early childhood to teen age years as they become independent, responsible, capable, kind, happy and successful young adults.

Tips to get you started:

1. Everyone deserves to be treated with respect and dignity, including children.

2. When your kid misbehaves instead of shouting or hitting, control your anger and respond in a calm and respectful way. Calmer but firmer tone and lower voice, yet not giving in to their repeated demand, is much more effective as a discipline tool compare to nagging.

3. Understandable that you have a lot on your plate, such as work, managing and keeping the home in order, managing meals and other outside responsibilities, kids sports or extracurricular activities, family obligations and so on. It is easy to get lost in all these 'have to do' activities. Parenting shouldn't be just one more task to deal with. Reconnecting with your parenting goals and aspirations periodically will help take the stress out of it and add fun into it. Spend some time daily (10 minutes will do as well!) to just listen and enjoy your child (without correcting them or giving them a suggestion to improve!).

4. Let your love for them be the driving force. Shift your internal conversations from 'have to' to 'want to'. As you do enormous things for your child each day, think about how you are supporting their ambitions. How you are helping them become independent and strong. How you are nurturing qualities like compassion and deep listening by extending yourself.

5. Give promises and keep them. As your children grow they need much more than your words to trust and rely on you. Keeping your promises, letting them know if you need to change the plan, taking their opinion in an appropriate matter will go a long way.

6. Seek to understand and do not impose yourself on your child. Especially when they are in their teenage, as a parent you have lot of worries, you are afraid of them making mistakes and of course, you want to protect them from vices. Listening to them while keeping your focus on genuinely understanding them is the only way to go, when they know you understand them and they can trust you, the street between both of you turns two-way street! They will be open to your wisdom and suggestion when they are at the crossroad.

7. Last but not least, 'be a role model'. Don't preach. If they see you disrespecting others, they will not respect you. If they see you hooked on your smartphone; that is their license to keep theirs in front of their eyes 24/7. If you are hooked in front of the TV till late night and haven't picked up a book in the last 6 months. Advice about reading is going to fall on dumb ears. In short, be the change you want to see in your children.

8. Have family nights at least once in a week, play cards, board games or go for a walk together. Talk and listen. Just be there and listen without judgement and criticism, without thinking about how to correct them. Just enjoy each other's company and see how they are changing their opinion about you. Positive parenting doesn't mean you will never have problems in your family. You will? if you are alive and growing family. Positive parenting style will open up the avenues to keep communication alive; it will open your children to your influence. Isn't it something that we all wish for!!

3801 people found this helpful

Family Planning Importance & Types Of It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
Family Planning   Importance & Types Of It!

Family planning is the decision adults take about the number of children they will have and the spacing between the pregnancies. According to the WHO, all sexually active adults must consider family planning. This helps in reducing the number of deaths related to unwanted pregnancies, keeps the mothers healthy and reduces the need for an abortion.
Importance

Below are some points highlighting the importance of family planning –

• Prevention of health risks among women
Family planning allows spacing of pregnancies that helps reduce health risks in women due to early childbearing – problems such as gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, physical fatigue, depression, nausea, and other issues. Research suggests that women having more than four children have high risks of affecting their maternal mortality negatively.

• Prevention of sexually transmitted diseases
It reduces the chances of unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV among women. This, in turn, results in the birth of fewer infected babies and better reproductive health of the mothers.

• The lower number of adolescent pregnancies
Family planning reduces the number of adolescent pregnant women. Babies born to adolescent mothers are usually low weight and have high chances of dying within the neonatal period – that is the first 28 days after the baby is born. Adolescent mothers usually leave school and are shunned by society, which affects their families as well. They suffer from mental illnesses such as depression due to this.

• Spreading awareness and empowering women
Family planning helps to spread awareness about making better and well-informed choices about reproduction for adults. This helps women to pursue their career and education. Additionally, having fewer children will also aid parents to invest more of their time and money in them.

• Controlling population growth
It is perhaps the most effective way to curb overpopulation and the adverse effects it has on the environment, economy, and development.

Types of family planning

Some of the different types of family planning are –

Using contraceptives – Women who take birth control pills or oral contraceptives can restore their fertility quickly. This is a type of hormonal birth control, which prevents ovulation. The two types of pills are combined oral contraceptive pill and the progestogen-only contraceptive pill.

Barrier methods – These methods include the usage of cervical caps, diaphragms, and male/female condoms. These prevent the uniting of the egg and the sperm. Using these protections, sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies can be avoided.

NFP (Natural Family Planning) – This method focuses on the awareness and knowledge of the couple’s fertility. Using the knowledge about the body cycles and understanding the woman’s fertility or infertility, the couple can avoid pregnancy.

Long-term contraceptives – Methods like intrauterine device, contraceptive shot, implantable rod, and vaginal ring are used for people who may want to conceive in the future. This is useful for people who do not wish to use contraception regularly.

Family planning must be considered not only for the well being of the couples but also to tackle the negative issues relating to population growth.
 

2 people found this helpful

Overpopulation - How To Curb It?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
Overpopulation - How To Curb It?

With the world’s population skyrocketing every ten years, overpopulation has become a serious threat to our own existence. India is currently home to 1.2 billion, and its population is expected to reach 1.8 billion by the middle of the century.

With economic inequality leading to a dozen problems – lack of social security, poor living condition, and lack of access to free medical facilities – the problem of overpopulation needs to be addressed today.

Here are a few measures we can take to curb overpopulation in the country –

• Better Education – Educating the masses will allow knowledge and awareness to permeate the society. With better education, families facing a hard life will be discouraged to have more than two children. The knowledge of sex education is vital in this context. Most parents shy away from discussing such things with their children. This results in kids turning to other sources for information. Most of the times, the information is incomplete, which leads to sexually active adolescents, unaware of contraceptives, engaging in an irresponsible act.

Family Planning Awareness – Family planning awareness and having fair knowledge of the consequences of overpopulation can help curb population growth. They should be made familiar with the concept of family planning – not having more than two offspring. One effective way to arouse awareness is to let them know about contraceptives and safe sex practice to avoid unwanted pregnancy.

Birth Control Pills Birth control pills are usually effective – there are 99% chances that you will be protected against unplanned pregnancy if you start taking combination pills within 5 days of getting your periods. The effectiveness of birth control pills depends on when and what type of pill you are taking. It is advisable that you seek a doctor’s consultation before using any such pills.

• Safe Sex Techniques – In a developed country like India, every sexually active individual should have access to affordable contraception. Practice safe sex techniques – condoms and contraceptive pills. When used in the correct manner, condoms are a reliable way of preventing pregnancy. Besides, these protect you against sexually transmitted diseases.

Rapid and uncontrolled population growth is a serious issue and calls for immediate attention. If adequate measures are not taken at the right time, we may not be able to survive in the decades to come.

Luckily, the Government has come forward to implement necessary steps, such as family planning plans to curb overpopulation. Many schools and NGOs are now introducing sex education to raise awareness among students and common people. Parents and guardians have also been encouraged to discuss safe sex methods with children.
 

1 person found this helpful
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