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Facial Trauma Treatment Tips

Facial Trauma

MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, BDS
Dentist, Siliguri
Facial Trauma
  • There are a number of possible causes of facial trauma. Motor vehicle accidents, accidental falls, sports injuries, interpersonal violence and work related injuries. Types of facial injuries can range from injuries of teeth to extremely severe injuries of the skin and bones of the face. Typically, facial injuries are classified as soft tissue injuries (skin and gums), bone injuries (fractures), or injuries to special regions (such as the eyes, facial nerves or the salivary glands).
  • Facial injuries have the potential to cause disfigurement and loss of function; for example, blindness or difficulty in moving the jaw. Facial trauma can also be deadly, because it can cause severe bleeding or interference with the airway thus a primary concern in treatment is enszuring that the airway is open and not threatened so that the patient can breathe. Hence, a patient with maxillofacial trauma requires the assistance of various medical specialties. Dr. Sumit agarwal is a skilled maxillofacial surgeon, with all the team members having special skills to handle maxillofacial trauma. The maxillofacial team is an integral part of the trauma team thus ensuring comprehensive trauma care.
  • All the surgeries are done via intraoral incisions if facial incisions are required, all such incisions are placed within the hair line or in skin creases so as to avoid visible scars so most of the trauma surgery is" scar less.

Soft tissue injuries of face

  • When soft tissue injuries such as lacerations or deep abrasions with skin loss occur on the face, they are repaired by suturing, skin grafts or mobilising local and distant tissues. In addition to the obvious concern of providing a repair that yields the best cosmetic result possible, care is taken to inspect for and treat injuries to structures such as facial nerves, salivary glands and salivary ducts (or outflow channels). A well-trained oral and maxillofacial surgeonsare proficient at diagnosing and treating all types of facial lacerations.
  • A severe laceration may sometimes require general anaesthesia to properly identify cut nerves and provide a stable condition for operative closure. Laceration of face requires meticulous closure of wound which is accomplished in an operating room setting for best aesthetic and functional results.
     
2 people found this helpful

Maxillofacial Trauma!

MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, BDS
Dentist, Siliguri
Maxillofacial Trauma!

There are a number of possible causes of facial trauma. Motor vehicle accidents, accidental falls, sports injuries, interpersonal violence and work related injuries. Types of facial injuries can range from injuries of teeth to extremely severe injuries of the skin and bones of the face. Typically, facial injuries are classified as soft tissue injuries (skin and gums), bone injuries (fractures), or injuries to special regions (such as the eyes, facial nerves or the salivary glands).

Facial injuries have the potential to cause disfigurement and loss of function; for example, blindness or difficulty in moving the jaw. Facial trauma can also be deadly, because it can cause severe bleeding or interference with the airway thus a primary concern in treatment is ensuring that the airway is open and not threatened so that the patient can breathe. Hence, a patient with maxillofacial trauma requires the assistance of various medical specialties. Dr. Sumit agarwal is a skilled maxillofacial surgeon, with all the team members having special skills to handle maxillofacial trauma. The maxillofacial team is an integral part of the trauma team thus ensuring comprehensive trauma care.

All the surgeries are done via intraoral incisions if facial incisions are required, all such incisions are placed within the hair line or in skin creases so as to avoid visible scars so most of the trauma surgery is" scar less.

Soft tissue injuries of face

When soft tissue injuries such as lacerations or deep abrasions with skin loss occur on the face, they are repaired by suturing, skin grafts or mobilising local and distant tissues. In addition to the obvious concern of providing a repair that yields the best cosmetic result possible, care is taken to inspect for and treat injuries to structures such as facial nerves, salivary glands and salivary ducts (or outflow channels). A well-trained oral and maxillofacial surgeonsare proficient at diagnosing and treating all types of facial lacerations.

A severe laceration may sometimes require general anaesthesia to properly identify cut nerves and provide a stable condition for operative closure. Laceration of face requires meticulous closure of wound which is accomplished in an operating room setting for best aesthetic and functional results.
 
 

1 person found this helpful

Trauma to Your Testicular - Know Its Types And Treatment!

Dr. Rajeev Sarpal 86% (68 ratings)
DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Dehradun
Trauma to Your Testicular - Know Its Types And Treatment!

It may sound queer, but it is true, testicular trauma is a condition wherein one or both the testicles experience an injury. Any kind of accident can lead to testicular injuries. Although some common ones include:

  1. Bicycle or motorbike injuries
  2. Being hit by a football or a cricket ball
  3. Being kicked

Other few and severe causes of injury include bullet wounds, animal bites, injuries or accidents because of the wrong usage of tools or machinery. Not surprisingly, it can happen during sexual intercourse too.

The types of testicular injuries
Testicular trauma can be of various types. Some typical ones include:

  1. Rupture: Also known as testicular rupture, such injuries involve tearing of the coarse, protective layer around the testicles.
  2. Fracture: In such cases, the testicular tissue breaks down, causing excruciating pain.
  3. Contusion: When an accident causes an injury to the blood vessels, it can lead to contusion.
  4. Infection: Insect bites to the scrotum can cause infections.

Symptoms of testicular injuries
As you might recall from prior experience, a testicular injury causes crunching pain within the scrotum. Pain in the abdomen might also accompany the above mentioned symptom. Some further symptoms include:

  1. Feeling nauseated
  2. Sustaining bruises or swelling of the scrotum
  3. Experiencing difficulty while urinating (although this is not common)
  4. Fever (this is uncommon as well)

Some serious injuries can also cause sexual problems and even fertility issues.

Diagnosis and treatment
Most minor injuries get healed within minutes or hours. But for any serious injury sustained, you have to visit a doctor. The doctor would ask you questions regarding how and when it occurred after which you could be advised to go through imaging and ultrasound tests. After diagnosing the extent of the condition, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics or other medications. Although home remedies such as applying ice packs on the affected area also helps.

1 person found this helpful

Kidney Trauma - What Exactly Is It?

DNB (Urology), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Gurgaon
Kidney Trauma - What Exactly Is It?

Any injury to the kidney caused by an outside force is called a kidney trauma. Though kidneys are guarded by your rib cage and back muscles, a blunt or penetrating trauma can injure the kidney.

What are the types of kidney trauma?
The type of kidney traumas depends upon the injury caused. Read on to know more:

  1. Blunt trauma: This type of trauma occurs from an injury or impact by the blunt end of the object. The object does not pierce your skin in this type of trauma.
  2. Penetrating trauma: In this type of trauma, the damage to the kidney is done by a pointed object or something that has a sharp end. The object pierces into the skin.

What are the symptoms of kidney trauma?
The several symptoms of kidney trauma include:

  • A blunt trauma will produce blood in the urine which is the most common symptom. If the injury is deep and a lot of blood has come out, then you can see it with your naked eye.
  • Sometimes there are no external signs of blunt trauma while at other times, there are bruises at the back region where the kidneys are located.
  • The penetrating trauma is quite evident because a visible piercing occurs in case of this type of kidney trauma.

What are the causes of kidney trauma?
The causes due to which you can experience kidney trauma are:

  • A car accident is one of the most common causes of a blunt kidney trauma.
  • Being hit by a hard object or falling from a high ground also leads to an impact on the kidneys and leads to kidney trauma. The trauma resulted from these things is also blunt trauma.
  • Making a sudden movement or stopping suddenly may sometimes lead to blunt trauma.
  • A wound from a bullet or knife leads to penetrating trauma.
  • If any kind of object pierces your body and hits the kidney or a place near the kidney, then it causes penetrating trauma in the kidney.
  • What is the treatment procedure for kidney trauma?
  • A kidney trauma can be treated without the help of a surgery. But this solely depends on how deep your injury is. If you have encountered an injury that has caused a blunt trauma that is not too serious, it can be treated with the help of proper medications and regular checkup. But if you have met with an accident and have encountered a penetrating trauma, then a surgery is a must. There are several minimally invasive techniques to perform the operations.

If you ever experience an impact in your kidney region, it is essential that you visit your doctor to prevent any complications later on. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2653 people found this helpful

Suffered a Trauma? Should You Visit a Psychologist?

Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
Suffered a Trauma? Should You Visit a Psychologist?

Most people consider seeing a psychologist an act of weakness or embarrassment. Therefore, they never think that their prolonged periods of stress, anxiety, grief and conflict could be a sign that they need professional help. They fail to understand that psychotherapy is nothing but a strategy to relieve stress and make life easier to live and that often, it does not require you to get stuck amidst expensive treatments or prolonged medication and consultation sessions.

Here are 3 times when you did not know but you needed to see a psychologist:

1. You feel intense emotions way too much
It is common for everybody to feel angry or sad at times in their life but if you feel these emotions too intensely, frequently and for prolonged durations, it may be the right time for you to see a psychologist. If your emotions overpower you to such an extent that your ability to function is impaired, it is a sure shot sign that you need professional attention. Also, if your anxiety levels are so high that you immediately imagine the worst case scenarios associated with any challenging situation that comes your way, you should not delay your visit to the psychologist because it may lead to panic attacks and paralysis.

2. You cannot stop thinking about the trauma that you had faced sometime in your life
If you are too grieved with the pain of death, loss of job, fear of accident etc. that you once faced in your life and there is no way how you think that you can get over it, you should seek immediate help from a psychologist. You may think that these feelings are natural and that you cannot do anything about them but in reality, it is not so. In fact, if left untreated, these conditions can lead you to a lifestyle where daily functioning is impaired. So if your trauma is too hard for you to handle, consider visiting a psychotherapist to prevent further damage.

3. You fall ill too quickly and headaches are a persistent problem
Being emotionally upset can affect your body in more ways than you think. So every time when you fall ill, the cause may not always be a physical medical condition. Stress and anxiety can lead to chronic illnesses like frequent stomach ache, reduced sexual drive, frequent cold, severe neck pain etc. So if you fall ill too quickly and the reasons for your illness are far beyond the comprehension of the general practitioner, it is high time that you consider visiting a psychologist.

4233 people found this helpful

Testicular Trauma - Know The Symptoms!

M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Urologist, Mumbai
Testicular Trauma - Know The Symptoms!

It may sound queer, but it is true, testicular trauma is a condition wherein one or both the testicles experience an injury. Any kind of accident can lead to testicular injuries. Although some common ones include:

  1. Bicycle or motorbike injuries
  2. Being hit by a football or a cricket ball
  3. Being kicked

Other few and severe causes of injury include bullet wounds, animal bites, injuries or accidents because of the wrong usage of tools or machinery. Not surprisingly, it can happen during sexual intercourse too.

The types of testicular injuries
Testicular trauma can be of various types. Some typical ones include:

  1. Rupture: Also known as testicular rupture, such injuries involve tearing of the coarse, protective layer around the testicles.
  2. Fracture: In such cases, the testicular tissue breaks down, causing excruciating pain.
  3. Contusion: When an accident causes an injury to the blood vessels, it can lead to contusion.
  4. Infection: Insect bites to the scrotum can cause infections.

Symptoms of testicular injuries
As you might recall from prior experience, a testicular injury causes crunching pain within the scrotum. Pain in the abdomen might also accompany the above mentioned symptom. Some further symptoms include:

  1. Feeling nauseated
  2. Sustaining bruises or swelling of the scrotum
  3. Experiencing difficulty while urinating (although this is not common)
  4. Fever (this is uncommon as well)

Some serious injuries can also cause sexual problems and even fertility issues.

Diagnosis and treatment
Most minor injuries get healed within minutes or hours. But for any serious injury sustained, you have to visit a doctor. The doctor would ask you questions regarding how and when it occurred after which you could be advised to go through imaging and ultrasound tests. After diagnosing the extent of the condition, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics or other medications. Although home remedies such as applying ice packs on the affected area also helps.

3881 people found this helpful

Trauma And Nonunion - The Various Risks Involved With It!

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Dehradun
Trauma And Nonunion - The Various Risks Involved With It!

Most bone fractures mend very easily with proper medical treatment and rest. However, in rare cases, a fracture caused by trauma may not mend even after adequate treatment. When a broken bone fails to heal, it is known as non-union. There are two major reasons for non-union:

• Bone lacks adequate stability

All broken bones require stability to heal. In case of a fracture, doctors place the dislocated bone in its original place and use an external device to hold the broken part in place. Usually, this stability is provided by a splint or cast, but can also be offered by frames and rods as well. However, if the broken bone lacks the required support, it may not set or heal properly, leading to the non-union.

• Fracture lacks proper blood supply

Even with proper stability, a broken bone requires a proper blood supply to start the healing process. The blood carries oxygen and other chemicals that aid in the repair of the bone and makes it crucial during the recovery stage. However, if the blood supply is disrupted, the bone cannot heal and leads to non-union.

Risk factors of non-union:

You are more likely to suffer from non-union if one or more of the following is true in your case-

• People who engage in cigarette smoking and any other form of nicotine addiction have a higher risk of non-unions after a fracture
• Older people can often face non-union, which is why fractures may take longer to heal in these people
• Severe anaemia can often restrict proper blood flow to the broken bone, thus inhibiting the healing procedure
• Similarly, people suffering from diabetes face a greater risk of non-unions
• Lack of proper nutrition may also be blamed for the non-union
• Non-union risks may increase because of side effects from certain medication, such as prednisone, ibuprofen, and aspirin. Consult your doctor in such a case, so that proper precautions can be taken accordingly.

Non-surgical treatment can be used for treating the non-union. Electromagnetic and ultrasound waves are passed through the skin and into the affected bone, in order to treat the non-union. In most cases, this treatment is very effective in curing the fracture. However, if the non-surgical treatment proves ineffective, surgical procedures, such as bone grafts and allograft can be utilized.

What is Testicular Trauma - 4 Common Types!

MBBS, MS-General Surgery, DNB
Urologist, Delhi
What is Testicular Trauma - 4 Common Types!

It may sound queer, but it is true, testicular trauma is a condition wherein one or both the testicles experience an injury. Any kind of accident can lead to testicular injuries. Although some common ones include:

  1. Bicycle or motorbike injuries
  2. Being hit by a football or a cricket ball
  3. Being kicked

Other few and severe causes of injury include bullet wounds, animal bites, injuries or accidents because of the wrong usage of tools or machinery. Not surprisingly, it can happen during sexual intercourse too.

The types of testicular injuries
Testicular trauma can be of various types. Some typical ones include:

  1. Rupture: Also known as testicular rupture, such injuries involve tearing of the coarse, protective layer around the testicles.
  2. Fracture: In such cases, the testicular tissue breaks down, causing excruciating pain.
  3. Contusion: When an accident causes an injury to the blood vessels, it can lead to contusion.
  4. Infection: Insect bites to the scrotum can cause infections.

Symptoms of testicular injuries
As you might recall from prior experience, a testicular injury causes crunching pain within the scrotum. Pain in the abdomen might also accompany the above mentioned symptom. Some further symptoms include:

  1. Feeling nauseated
  2. Sustaining bruises or swelling of the scrotum
  3. Experiencing difficulty while urinating (although this is not common)
  4. Fever (this is uncommon as well)

Some serious injuries can also cause sexual problems and even fertility issues.

Diagnosis and treatment
Most minor injuries get healed within minutes or hours. But for any serious injury sustained, you have to visit a doctor. The doctor would ask you questions regarding how and when it occurred after which you could be advised to go through imaging and ultrasound tests. After diagnosing the extent of the condition, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics or other medications. Although home remedies such as applying ice packs on the affected area also helps.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2981 people found this helpful

Trauma to Your Testicular - 4 Common Types!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB (UROLOGY), MNAMS
Urologist, Indore
Trauma to Your Testicular - 4 Common Types!

It may sound queer, but it is true, testicular trauma is a condition wherein one or both the testicles experience an injury. Any kind of accident can lead to testicular injuries. Although some common ones include:

  1. Bicycle or motorbike injuries
  2. Being hit by a football or a cricket ball
  3. Being kicked

Other few and severe causes of injury include bullet wounds, animal bites, injuries or accidents because of the wrong usage of tools or machinery. Not surprisingly, it can happen during sexual intercourse too.

The types of testicular injuries
Testicular trauma can be of various types. Some typical ones include:

  1. Rupture: Also known as testicular rupture, such injuries involve tearing of the coarse, protective layer around the testicles.
  2. Fracture: In such cases, the testicular tissue breaks down, causing excruciating pain.
  3. Contusion: When an accident causes an injury to the blood vessels, it can lead to contusion.
  4. Infection: Insect bites to the scrotum can cause infections.

Symptoms of testicular injuries
As you might recall from prior experience, a testicular injury causes crunching pain within the scrotum. Pain in the abdomen might also accompany the above mentioned symptom. Some further symptoms include:

  1. Feeling nauseated
  2. Sustaining bruises or swelling of the scrotum
  3. Experiencing difficulty while urinating (although this is not common)
  4. Fever (this is uncommon as well)

Some serious injuries can also cause sexual problems and even fertility issues.

Diagnosis and treatment
Most minor injuries get healed within minutes or hours. But for any serious injury sustained, you have to consult a doctor. The doctor would ask you questions regarding how and when it occurred after which you could be advised to go through imaging and ultrasound tests. After diagnosing the extent of the condition, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics or other medications. Although home remedies such as applying ice packs on the affected area also helps.

1969 people found this helpful

Causes And Treatment Of Excessive Facial Hair

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Patna
Causes And Treatment Of Excessive Facial Hair

Women can find unwanted hair growth very embarrassing. This is especially true if she sports hair growth on her face. Excessive hair growth on a woman is also known as hirsutism. This differs from the usual fine 'peach fuzz' that covers the rest of the body. Such hair can be characterized as dark and coarse.
Hirsutism has a number of causes. Some of the most common reasons for this condition are:

Genes
Hirsutism often runs in families. Thus if your mother or grandmother suffered from this skin condition, chances are that you may suffer from the same. This is most commonly seen in people from the Mediterranean region and south East Asia.

Hormones

Hirsutism is also linked to an abnormally high level of male hormones like androgens in the body. This is usually seen in cases where women suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome, Cushings syndrome or tumors in the adrenal gland.

Medication
A shift in hormone levels is also a common side effect of many types of medication. This is typically seen in drugs that include hormones such as anabolic steroids, drugs that spur hair growth and drugs that help with endometriosis

Facial hirsutism can be treated in a number of ways. Some of the ways to remove excess hair are:

Shaving
This is an easy and quick way to remove unwanted skin. however, it may irritate the skin and with every shave, the hair growth may get coarser.

Bleaching
This is a temporary solution for Hirsutism but may irritate the skin and does not suit dark skinned women.

Waxing
When done regularly, waxing can reduce the amount of hair growth. However, this is a painful technique and can cause skin inflammation.

Laser hair treatment
Compared to the above forms of hair removal, laser treatment can remove hair for the longest period of time. However, this is not a permanent solution and can have side effects like the lightening or darkening of skin.

Electrolysis
This is permanent solution to hirsutism. It can require several sittings and may also lead to scarring or changes in skin colour.

Medication
Prescription drugs can also change the way hair grows on the body. However, if you stop using this medication the hair growth with go back to its original form. Birth control pills and anti androgen blockers are the most common form of prescription drugs used to treat hirsutism.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2539 people found this helpful
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